Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z)

Overview

The Truth in Lending Act (TILA), 15 U.S.C. 1601et seq., and its implementing regulation, Regulation Z (12 CFR 1026), were initially designed to protect consumers primarily through disclosures. Over time, however, TILA and Regulation Z have been expanded to impose a wide variety of requirements and restrictions on consumer credit products. 

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank Act) transferred rulemaking authority under TILA from the Federal Reserve Board to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), effective July 1, 2011.

TILA is intended to protect consumers and ensure competition among financial institutions through the meaningful disclosure of credit terms, allowing consumers to compare standardized credit terms more readily and knowledgeably. Before TILA was enacted, consumers were faced with a bewildering array of credit terms and rates. It was difficult to compare loans because they were rarely presented in the same format. Now, all financial institutions must use the same credit terminology and expressions of rates. In addition to providing a uniform system for disclosures, TILA:

  • Protects consumers against inaccurate and unfair credit billing and credit card practices;
  • Provides consumers with rescission rights;
  • Provides for rate caps on certain dwelling-secured loans;
  • Imposes limitations on home equity lines of credit and certain closed-end home mortgages;
  • Provides minimum standards for most dwelling-secured loans; and
  • Prohibits unfair or deceptive mortgage lending practices.

TILA and Regulation Z do not, however, tell financial institutions how much interest they may charge or whether they must grant a consumer a loan.

The examination procedures will use “TILA” interchangeably for Truth-in-Lending Act and Regulation Z, since Regulation Z is the implementing regulation. Unless otherwise specified, all of the regulation references are to Regulation Z (12 CFR 1026).

Regulation Z (Truth-In-Lending) can be found here:


Associated Risks

Compliance risk can occur when the credit union fails to implement the necessary controls to comply with TILA.

Transaction risk can occur when the credit union does not have adequate internal controls in place and as a result suffers a loss.

Reputation risk can occur when the credit union incurs fines and penalties or decreased member confidence as a result of failure to comply with TILA.

Strategic risk can occur when the board of directors fails to perform necessary due diligence in reviewing policies and procedures, and existing and prospective products and services for compliance.

Examination Objectives

  • To determine if the credit union has policies and procedures to ensure it complies with TILA.
  • To appraise the quality of the credit union’s compliance management system for TILA.
  • To determine the credit union’s compliance with TILA.
  • To initiate corrective action when policies or internal controls are deficient, or when violations of law or regulation are identified.
  • To determine if the credit union will be required to make adjustments to consumer accounts under the restitution provisions of TILA.

Examination Procedures1

A. General Procedures

  1. Obtain information relevant to the area of examination from the credit union‘s compliance management system program (historical examination findings, complaint information, and significant findings from compliance review and audit).
  2. Through discussions with management and review of the following documents, determine whether the credit union’s internal controls are adequate to ensure compliance in the area under review.  Identify procedures the institution uses daily to detect errors/violations promptly.  Also, review the procedures the institution uses to ensure compliance when changes occur (e.g., changes in interest rates, service charges, computation methods, and software programs).
    • Organizational charts
    • Process flowcharts
    • Policies and procedures
    • Loan documentation and disclosures
    • Checklists/worksheets and review documents
    • Computer programs
  3. Review audit or other compliance review work-papers and determine:
    1. The procedures used address all regulatory provisions (see Transactional Testing section).
    2. Steps are taken to follow-up on previously identified deficiencies.
    3. The procedures used include samples that cover all product types and decision centers.
    4. The work performed is accurate (through a review of some transactions).
    5. Significant deficiencies, and the root cause of the deficiencies, are included in reports to management/board.
    6. Corrective actions are timely and appropriate.
    7. The institution reviews the area at an appropriate interval.
  4. Review the credit union’s record retention practices to determine whether the required documentation or evidence of compliance is retained for at least:
    1. Two years after the disclosures were required to be made or other action was required to be taken, other than for the advertising requirements, requirement for mortgages subject to §§ 1026.19(e), (f), and certain requirements for mortgages which are described below. (§ 1026.25(a))
    2. Three years after the later of the date of consummation, the date disclosures are required to be made, or the date action is required to be taken, for evidence of compliance with §§ 1026.19(e)-(f) (regarding closed-end loans that are secured by real property or a cooperative unit and subject to those sections) other than as set forth in 4c below. (§ 1026.25(c)(1)(i))
    3. Five years after consummation for completed Closing Disclosure forms, and all documents related to these disclosures, as required by §§ 1026.19(f)(1)(i) or (f)(4)(i).  If the loan is sold, transferred, or otherwise disposed of during that time, the credit union must provide a copy of the Closing Disclosure to the owner or servicer as part of the loan file transfer. The new owner or servicer must retain the disclosure for the remainder of the five year period. (§ 1026.25(c)(1)(ii))
    4. Three years after the date of receipt of payment to show compliance with loan originator compensation requirements. (§ 1026.25(c)(2))
    5. Three years after consummation to show compliance with ability-to-repay minimum standards (§§ 1026.43(c)-(f)) and prepayment penalty restrictions (§ 1026.43(g)) for loans secured by a dwelling. (§ 1026.25(c)(3))

B.Disclosure Forms

Determine if the credit union has changed any TILA disclosure forms or if there are forms that have not been previously reviewed for accuracy. If so verify the accuracy of each disclosure by reviewing the following:

Closed-End Credit Disclosure Forms Review Procedures

Closed-end consumer credit transactions secured by real property or a cooperative unit, other than a reverse mortgage subject to § 1026.33, are subject to the disclosure, timing and other requirements under the TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule (TRID).  Thus, for most closed-end mortgages, including construction-only loans and loans secured by vacant land or by 25 or more acres not covered by RESPA,  the credit union must provide the Loan Estimate and the Closing Disclosure.  There is a partial exemption in § 1026.3(h) from the requirement to provide the Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure if the transaction meets all of the following criteria:

  1. Secured by a subordinate lien;
  2. Transaction is for the purpose of home buyer assistance such as down payments or closing costs, rehabilitation loans, energy efficiency assistance, or foreclosure prevention;
  3. Credit contract does not require the payment of interest;
  4. Credit contact provides for repayment that is forgiven, deferred for 20 years, or deferred until the property is sold or is no longer the consumer’s principal dwelling; and,
  5. Total costs payable by the consumer in connection with the transaction at consummation are limited to:
    1. recording fees,
    2. transfer taxes,
    3. a bona fide and reasonable application fee, and
    4. a bona fide and reasonable fee for housing counseling services; and the total of costs payable by the consumer for the application fee and housing counseling services is less than 1% of the amount of credit extended. 

For those transactions meeting the criteria for a partial exemption, credit unions may provide either a compliant disclosure of the cost of credit under § 1026.18 or a compliant Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure, and do not need to provide the special information booklet, Good Faith Estimate, or HUD-1 settlement statement.

NOTE: The GFE, HUD-1, and Truth-in-Lending forms continue to be used for transactions covered by the other disclosure requirements of TILA or RESPA (e.g., reverse mortgages) or before the effective date of the TRID Rule (October 3, 2015) (§§ 1026.19(e), (f)).

Closed-End Credit Disclosure Forms – Transactions under §§ 1026.19(e), (f)

For a closed-end credit transaction subject to §§ 1026.19(e) and (f), determine whether the credit union provides disclosures required under § 1026.37 (Loan Estimate) and § 1026.38 (Closing Disclosure). (§§ 1026.19(e), 1026.19(f)).

  1. For loans subject to § 1026.19(e), determine whether the credit union provides the good faith disclosures in the form required by § 1026.37 and conforming to the Loan Estimate in Appendix H (§§ 1026.19(e), 1026.37(o)).
  2. For loans subject to § 1026.19(f), determine whether the credit union provides  the Closing Disclosure in the form required by § 1026.38 and conforming to the Closing Disclosure in Appendix H (§§ 1026.19(f), 1027.38(t)).

NOTE: Use of the Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure is mandatory for transactions covered by the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA).  For transactions not covered by RESPA, the Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure may be considered a model form.

Loan Estimate
  1. Loan Estimate (Page 1 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether the disclosures required for the Loan Estimate are accurately completed and include the following disclosures on the first page (§ 1026.37(a)). Disclosures are detailed below according to the designations made on the Loan Estimate form:
    1. The statement: “Save this Loan Estimate to compare with your Closing Disclosure” (§ 1026.37(a)(2));
    2. Name and address of credit union. (§ 1026.37(a)(3));
    3. Date Issued. (§ 1026.37(a)(4));
    4. Applicants. (§ 1026.37(a)(5));
    5. Property.  The property address, including zip code (§ 1026.37(a)(6));
    6. Sales Price (§ 1026.37(a)(7));
      1. For transactions with a seller, the contract sale price of the property identified in § 1026.37(a)(6), labeled “Sale Price.” 
      2. For transactions that do not have a seller, the estimated value of the property identified in § 1026.37(a)(6), labeled “Prop. Value.”
    7. Loan Term.  Stated in years, months, or both, as applicable (§ 1026.37(a)(8));
    8. Purpose.  Loan purpose, categorized as “Purchase,” “Refinance,” or “Construction.” All other loan purposes must be categorized as  “Home Equity Loan” (§ 1026.37(a)(9));
    9. Product.  Product type, including the type of interest rate categorized as “Adjustable Rate,” “Step Rate,” or “Fixed Rate.”  This disclosure must be preceded by the type of feature that may change the consumer’s periodic payment, such as “Negative Amortization,” “Interest Only,” “Step Payment,” “Balloon Payment,” or “Seasonal Payment,” with the duration of any introductory rate or payment period and the first adjustment period if applicable (§ 1026.37(a)(10));
    10. Loan Type.  Categorized as “Conventional,” “ FHA,” “VA,” or “Other” (§ 1026.37(a)(11));
    11. Loan ID #.  (§ 1026.37(a)(12)); and
    12. Rate Lock.  A statement of whether the disclosed interest rate is locked for a specific period.  If so, the date and time (including time zone) that the lock will expire, along with an accompanying statement that the interest rate, any points and any lender credits may change unless the interest rate has been locked (§ 1026.37(a)(13)).
  2. Loan Terms (Page 1 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether, a separate table under the heading “Loan Terms,”, contains the following required disclosures (§ 1026.37(b)):
    1. Loan Amount. (§ 1026.37(b)(1))
    2. Interest Rate. (§ 1026.37(b)(2))
    3. Principal and Interest.  The applicable unit period (such as bi-weekly, monthly, yearly) must precede the initial periodic payment amount that will be due under the terms of the legal obligation, labeled “Principal & Interest”. (§ 1026.37(b)(3))
    4. Prepayment Penalty.  A statement of whether the loan contains a prepayment penalty, an affirmative or negative response to the question, the maximum amount of the prepayment penalty that may be imposed, and the date on which the penalty may no longer be applied. (§§ 1026.37(b)(4), 1026.37(b)(7)(i)) If the date is disclosed (for an affirmative response), determine whether it is disclosed as the year in which the event occurs, counting from the date of consummation. (§ 1026.37(b)(8)(iii))
    5. Balloon Payment.  A statement of whether the loan contains a balloon payment, an affirmative or negative response to the question, the maximum amount of the balloon payment and the due date of such payment. (§§ 1026.37(b)(5), 1026.37(b)(7)(ii))  If the date is disclosed (for an affirmative response), determine whether it is disclosed as the year in which the event occurs, counting from the due date of the initial periodic payment. (§ 1026.37(b)(8)(ii))
    6. Whether the loan amount, interest rate or monthly principal and interest can increase after closing (§ 1026.37(b)(6)), and if so, the information required by §§ 1026.37(b)(6)(i)-(iii) and 1026.37(b)(8)(i)-(ii). 
  3. Projected Payments (Page 1 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether, under the heading “Projected Payments” (§ 1026.37(c)):
    1. All required fields in the table are completed, follow the formatting and statement requirements, are accurate, and itemize the periodic payments or range of payments together with an itemized estimate of taxes, insurance, assessments, and payments to be made with escrow account funds; (§§ 1026.37(c)(1) – (5))

      NOTE: If accurate, a credit union can indicate that a portion of taxes, insurance and assessments will be paid with escrow account funds, such as by using the word “some.” (Comment 1026.37(c)(4)(iv)-2);
    2. Each separate periodic payment or range of payments is itemized as follows: (§ 1026.37(c)(2))

      NOTE:  The labels required pursuant to paragraph (c)(2) of this section must be listed under the subheading “Payment Calculation”. (§ 1026.37(c)(3)(i))

      1. Principal and Interest.  The amount payable for principal and interest, labeled “Principal & Interest”, including the term “only interest” if the payment or range of payments includes any interest only payment (§ 1026.37(c)(2)(i)):
        1. Adjustable Rate Loans.  The maximum principal and interest payment must be determined by assuming that the interest rate in effect throughout the loan term is the maximum possible interest rate. The minimum amounts must be determined by assuming that the interest rate in effect throughout the loan term is the minimum possible interest rate. (§ 1026.37(c)(2)(i)(A))
        2. Adjustable Rate and Negative Amortization Loans.  The maximum principal and interest amounts (after the loan term period for which the loan principal balance may increase) must be determined by assuming the maximum principal amount permitted under the terms of the legal obligation at the end of the loan term period.  The minimum amounts must be determined by assuming that the interest rate in effect throughout the loan term is the minimum possible interest rate. (§ 1026.37(c)(2)(i)(B))
      2. Mortgage Insurance.  The maximum amount payable for mortgage insurance premiums corresponding to the principal and interest payment disclosed, labeled “Mortgage Insurance.” (§ 1026.37(c)(2)(ii))
      3. Escrow.  The amount payable into an escrow account to pay some or all of the charges described in § 1026.37(c)(4)(ii), as applicable, labeled “Escrow,” together with a statement that the amount disclosed can increase over time. (§ 1026.37(c)(2)(iii))
      4. Total Monthly Payment.  The total periodic payment, calculated as the sums disclosed as the “Principal & Interest,” “Mortgage Insurance,” and “Escrow”, labeled “Total Monthly Payment”. (§ 1026.37(c)(2)(iv))
    3. If the amount of a periodic monthly payment may change, additional, separate periodic payments, or range of payments have been disclosed.  Events requiring additional disclosure(s) include:
      1. The change of the periodic principal and interest payment or range of such payments,
      2. A scheduled balloon payment,
      3. The automatic termination of mortgage insurance, or
      4. The anniversary of the due date of the initial periodic payment or range of payments immediately following the occurrence of a change in the principal and interest payment or range of such payments. (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(i))
    4. The credit union has met the following in disclosing a range of payments:  (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(iii))
      1. The credit union has disclosed both the minimum and maximum amount for both the principal and interest payment and the total periodic payment; (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(iii))
      2. The credit union has accurately disclosed a range of payments where multiple events are combined into a single range of payments in order to meet the requirement that only four disclosures may be made; (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(iii)(A))
      3. The credit union has accurately disclosed a range of payments where multiple events occur during a single year or an event occurs during the same year as the initial periodic payment or range of payments.  If the event occurs during the same year as the initial periodic payment or range of payments, the credit union has disclosed the range that would apply during the year in which the events will occur; and, (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(iii)(B))

        NOTE: If multiple changes to periodic principal and interest payments would result in more than one separate periodic payment or range of payments in a single year, the credit union must combine the changes and disclose them as a single range of payments. (Comment 1026.37(c)(1)(iii)(B)-1).
      4. The credit union has accurately disclosed a range of payments if the periodic principal and interest payment may adjust based on index rates at the time an interest rate adjustment may occur. (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(iii)(C))
    5. The credit union has not disclosed more than four separate periodic payments or ranges of payments. (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(ii))
      1. If additional separate periodic payments or range of payments disclosures are required after the third separate periodic payment or range of payment disclosure, and the transaction does not involve a balloon payment, determine whether the credit union has disclosed the additional separate periodic payment or range of payments as a single fourth range of payments disclosure. (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(ii))
      2. If additional separate periodic payments or range of payments disclosures are required and the transaction involves a final balloon payment, determine whether the credit union has disclosed the additional separate periodic payment or range of payments as a single range of payments after the second separate periodic payment disclosure.  Disclosure of the final balloon payment must appear as the final disclosure, under the heading “Final Payment”. (§§ 1026.37(c)(1)(ii)(A), 1026.37(c)(3)(iii))
      3. The automatic termination of mortgage insurance requires disclosure of an additional separate periodic payment or range of payments only if the total number of separate periodic payments or ranges of payments does not exceed three. (§ 1026.37(c)(1)(ii)(B))
      4. Each separate periodic payment or range of payments must be disclosed under a subheading stating the years of the loan during which that payment or range of payments will apply.  The years must be disclosed in sequence of whole years from the due date of the initial periodic payment. (§ 1026.37(c)(3)(ii))
    6. Taxes, Insurance & Assessments.  Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses: (§ 1026.37(c)(4))
      1. The sum of all mortgage related obligations, expressed as a monthly amount, even if no escrow account for the payment of some or any of such charges will be established, labeled “Taxes, Insurance & Assessments.” (§§ 1026.37(c)(4)(i-ii))

        NOTE:  The term mortgage related obligations, as used here, takes the definition used in § 1026.43(b)(8), however, it does not include amounts identified in § 1026.4(b)(5).  Amounts that must be disclosed as “Taxes, Insurance & Assessment” include premiums or other charges for credit life, accident, health, loss-of-income insurance; premiums or other charges for insurance against loss of or damage to property, or against liability arising out of the ownership or use of property; or premiums or charges paid for debt cancellation or debt suspension coverage. (§ 1026.43(b)(8))
      2. A statement that the mortgage related obligations disclosed can increase over time (§ 1026.37(c)(4)(iii)).  If estimates are used for property taxes and homeowner’s insurance, they must reflect: (§ 1026.37(c)(5))
        1. The taxable assessed value of the real property or cooperative unit securing the transaction after consummation, including the value of any improvements on the property or to be constructed on the property, if known.  The disclosure must be made whether or not such construction will be financed from the proceeds of the transaction for property taxes; and (§ 1026.37(c)(5)(i))
        2. The replacement costs of the property during the initial year after the transaction for premiums or other charges for insurance against loss of or damage to property, or against liability arising out of the ownership or use of property. (§ 1026.37(c)(5)(ii))
      3. A statement of whether the mortgage related obligations include payments for property taxes; premiums or other charges for insurance against loss of or damage to property, or against liability arising out of the ownership or use of property; or as otherwise identified by § 1026.43(b)(8).  The credit union must disclose whether the amounts will be paid by the credit union using escrow account funds. (§ 1026.37(c)(4)(iv))
      4. A statement that the consumer must pay separately any mortgage related obligations that are not paid by the credit union using escrow account funds. (§ 1026.37(c)(4)(v))
      5. A reference to the escrow account information contained on page 2 of the Loan Estimate, captioned “Initial Escrow Payment at Closing”. (§ 1026.37(c)(4)(vi))
  4. Costs at Closing (Page 1 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether, under the heading “Costs at Closing” the credit union discloses the Estimated Closing Costs (including Loan Costs and Other Costs, less Lender Credits) and the Estimated Cash to Close (including Closing Costs), based upon the calculations required by § 1026.37(f), (g), and (h) (and found on page two of the Loan Estimate). (§ 1026.37(d)(1))
  5. Optional Alternative Table for Transactions without a Seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing.  Determine whether, for transactions that do not involve a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing, the credit union chose to use the alternative “Cash to Close” table.  If so, determine whether the amount is calculated in accordance with § 1026.37(h)(2)(iv) (Calculating Cash to Close), includes a statement of whether the disclosed estimated amount is due from or to the consumer; and includes a statement (referring the consumer to the alternative “Calculating Cash to Close” table pursuant to § 1026.37(h)(2). (§ 1026.37(d)(2))

    NOTE: In a purchase transaction, the optional alternative disclosure may be used for the simultaneous subordinate financing Loan Estimate only if the first-lien Closing Disclosure will record the entirety of the seller’s transaction. (Comment 1026.37(d)(2)-1)  Credit unions may only use this alternative estimated cash to close disclosure in conjunction with the alternative disclosure under § 1026.37(h)(2). (Comment 37(d)(2)-1)
  6. Website Reference (Page 1 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether the credit union discloses that the consumer may obtain general information and tools on the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s website, and has included a link to the site specified in § 1026.37(e).
  7. Closing Cost Details:  Loan Costs (Page 2 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine on page 2 whether, under the heading “Loan Costs,” the credit union makes the following disclosures: (1026.37(f))
    1. Origination charges.  Accurately itemized to reflect each amount and a subtotal of all amounts that the consumer will pay to each creditor and loan originator for originating and extending the credit.  Determine whether the points paid to the credit union to reduce the interest rate are itemized separately, as both a percentage of the amount of credit extended and a dollar amount, and using the label “__% of Loan Amount (Points)”.  Determine whether points paid is the first item listed.  If points to reduce the interest rate are not paid, this disclosure must be left blank. (§ 1026.37(f)(1))
    2. Services You Cannot Shop For.  An accurate itemization, limited to thirteen items, of each amount and subtotal of all amounts that the consumer will pay for settlement services that the consumer cannot shop for, and that are provided by persons other than the credit union or mortgage broker.  Determine whether the terms related to title insurance include “Title” as an introductory description. (§ 1026.37)(f)(2))
    3. Services You Can Shop For.  An accurate itemization, limited to fourteen items, of each amount and subtotal of all amounts that the consumer will pay for settlement services that the consumer can shop for and that are provided by persons other than the credit union or mortgage broker.  Determine whether the terms related to title insurance include “Title” as an introductory description. (§ 1026.37)(f)(3))
    4. Total Loan Costs.  An accurate sum of the subtotals required to be disclosed under § 1026.37(f) as Origination Charges, Services You Cannot Shop For and Services You Can Shop For. (§ 1026.37(f)(4))
    5. Other than as noted in item 7a.Origination charges above (points), determine that items are ordered alphabetically by label under the applicable subheading.  If there are more than the maximum allowable number of line items, determine that the remaining charges are disclosed in the aggregate in the last line as “Additional Charges.” (§§ 1026.37(f)(5), (f)(6)) 
  8. Closing Cost Details: Other Costs (Page 2 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether the credit union makes the following disclosures: (§ 1026.37(g))
    1. Taxes and Other Government Fees.  Accurately itemized to reflect amounts to be paid to State and local governments for taxes and other government fees, including subtotals for recording fees and other taxes.  A separate line must be included for transfer taxes paid by the consumer.  If not charged to the consumer, these fields must be left blank.  (§ 1026.37(g)(1))
    2. Prepaids.  Accurately itemized to reflect amounts to be paid by the consumer in advance of the first scheduled payment and the subtotals of all such amounts.  The disclosures must follow the required order and include the number of months and the total dollar amount to be paid at consummation for homeowner’s insurance and mortgage insurance premiums, the prepaid interest to be paid at consummation, based on daily interest, number of days, interest rate and the total to be collected; the number of months for which property taxes are to be paid; and the amount the consumer will pay at consummation.  If any of these items are not charged to the consumer, the field must be left blank.  A maximum of three additional items may be disclosed (including applicable time period covered by the payment at consummation and total to be paid) as Prepaids. (§ 1026.37(g)(2))
    3. Initial Escrow Payment at Closing.  Accurately itemized to reflect the amounts that the consumer will be expected to place into an escrow account at consummation to be applied to recurring periodic charges and subtotals of all amounts.   The disclosure must provide the amount escrowed each month, the number of months of escrow, and the total amount to be paid into the escrow account by the consumer at consummation.  Homeowner’s insurance premiums, mortgage insurance premiums, and property taxes must be separately subtotaled.  If any of these items are not charged to the consumer, that field must be left blank.  A maximum of five additional items may be disclosed as part of Initial Escrow Payment at Closing.  (§ 1026.37(g)(3))
    4. Other.  An accurate itemization of costs that the consumer is likely to pay, or has contracted with a person other than the credit union or loan originator to pay, at closing and of which the credit union is aware at the time of issuing the Loan Estimate.  Determine whether the credit union has used a descriptive label for each such amount, and provided the subtotal of all such amounts.  Determine whether the terms related to title insurance include “Title” as an introductory description, and whether the parenthetical description “(optional)” is used at the end of the label for items disclosing any premiums paid for separate insurance, warranty, guarantee, or event-coverage products.  A maximum of five items may be disclosed as “Other”. (§ 1026.37(g)(4))
    5. Total Other Costs.  An accurate sum of the subtotals for Taxes and Other Government Fees, Prepaids, Initial Escrow Payment at Closing, and Other disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(g)(1) through (4).  (§ 1026.37(g)(5))
    6. Total Closing Costs.  Accurate component amounts and sum of the following (§ 1026.37(g)(6)):
      1. D + I.  A sum of the Total Loan Costs and Total Other Costs; and, (§ 1026.37(g)(6)(i))
      2. Lender Credits.  The amount of any lender credits, disclosed as a negative number.  If no such amount is disclosed, this line must be left blank. (§ 1026.37(g)(6)(ii))
    7. Determine that items follow the alphabetical ordering and addenda restrictions of §§ 1026.37(g)(7) and (g)(8).
  9. Closing Cost Details: Calculating Cash to Close (Page 2 of the Loan Estimate).  Determine whether, under the heading “Calculating Cash to Close,” the credit union has accurately disclosed the total amount of cash or other funds that must be provided by the consumer at consummation, itemized into the following component amounts: (§ 1026.37(h)(1))
    1. Total Closing Costs. The amount disclosed as the sum of the loan costs, other costs and lender credits, labeled “Total Closing Costs”. (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(i))
    2. Closing Costs Financed (Paid from your Loan Amount). The amount of any closing costs to be paid out of loan proceeds, disclosed as a negative number, labeled “Closing Costs Financed (Paid from your Loan Amount)”. Determined by subtracting the estimated total amount of payments to third parties not otherwise disclosed under §§ 1026.37(f) and (g) from the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.37(b)(1). (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(ii))

      NOTE: (1) If the result of the calculation is zero or negative, the amount of $0 is disclosed. (2) If the result of the calculation is a positive number, the amount is disclosed as a negative number, but only to the extent that the absolute value of the number does not exceed the total amount of closing costs; (Comment 37(h)(1)(ii)-1)
    3. Downpayment/Funds from Borrower. Labeled “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower”.
      1. In a purchase transaction, as defined in § 1026.37(a)(9)(i), disclosed as the amount determined by subtracting the sum of the loan amount, disclosed under § 1026.37(b)(1) and any amount of existing loans assumed or taken subject to that will be disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iv), from the sale price of the property disclosed under § 1026.37(a)(7)(i), except as required by § 1026.38(h)(1)(iii)(A)(2); (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(A)(1))
      2. For a purchase transaction as defined in § 1026.37(a)(9)(i) that is a simultaneous subordinate financing transaction, a transaction involving or improvements to be made on the property, or when the sum of the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.37(b)(1) and any amount of existing loans assumed or taken subject to on the Closing Disclosure under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iv) exceeds the sale price of the property disclosed under § 1026.37(a)(7)(i), disclosed as the amount of estimated funds from the consumer determined in accordance with § 1026.37(h)(1)(v); (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(A)(2))
      3. For all other transactions, disclosed as the amount of estimated funds from the consumer determined in accordance with § 1026.37(h)(1)(v).1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(B))
    4. Deposit.
      1. For a purchase transaction, disclosed as the amount that is paid to the seller or held in trust or escrow by an attorney or other party under the terms of the agreement for the sale of the property, as a negative number, labeled “Deposit”;
      2. For all other transactions, disclosed as $0. (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(iv))
    5. Funds for Borrower. Disclosed as the amount of funds for the consumer, labeled “Funds for Borrower. Determined in accordance with § 1026.37(h)(1)(v) by subtracting the sum of the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.37(b)(1) and any amount of existing loans assumed or taken subject to that will be disclosed on the Closing Disclosure under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iv) (excluding any closing costs financed disclosed under § 1026.37(h)(1)(ii)) from the total amount of all existing debt being satisfied in the transaction. The total amount of all existing debt being satisfied in the transaction is the sum of the amounts that will be disclosed on the Closing Disclosure in the summaries of transactions table under §§ 1026.38(j)(1)(ii), (iii), and (v), as applicable.
      1. If the calculation yields a positive number, that amount is disclosed under the heading “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower,” (§§ 1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(A)(2) or (B), as applicable) and $0 is disclosed under the heading “Funds for Borrower,” under § 1026.37(h)(1)(v); (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(v)(A))
      2. If the calculation yields a negative amount, the credit union discloses that amount as a negative number under the heading “Funds for Borrower,” (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(v)) and as $0 under the heading “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower under §§ 1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(A)(2) or (B), as applicable. (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(v)(B));
      3. If the calculation yields “0,” then $0 is disclosed under both headings under §§ 1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(A)(2) or (B), as applicable, and § 1026.37(h)(1)(v). (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(v)(C))
    6. Seller Credits. Determined by totaling the amount the seller will pay for Total Loan Costs under § 1026.37(f)(4) and Total Other Costs under § 1026.37(g)(5) disclosed as a negative number, to the extent known by the credit union at the time of the delivery of the Loan Estimate, labeled “Seller Credits”. (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(vi))
      1. Non-specific seller credits. Determine whether general payments from the seller to the consumer that do not pay for a particular fee are disclosed in the seller credits row of the Calculating Cash to Close table. (Comment 37(h)(1)(vi)-1))
      2. Seller credits for specific charges. Determine whether credits for specific items disclosed under §§ 1026.37(f) and (g) are disclosed, at the credit union’s option either:
        1. In the seller credits row of the Calculating Cash to Close table together with any non-specific seller credits; or
        2. By reducing the amount of the specific charge in the Loan Costs or Other Costs table. (Comment 1026.37(h)(1)(vi)-2)
    7. Adjustments and Other Credits. Determined by combining the Total Loan Costs (determined under § 1026.37(f)) and Total Other Costs (determined under § 1026.37(g)) that are paid by persons other than the loan originator, credit union, consumer, or seller, together with any other amounts not otherwise disclosed under §§ 1026.37(f) or (g) that are required to be paid by the consumer at closing in a transaction using the down payment/funds from borrower calculation under § 1026.37(h)(1)(iii)(A)(1) or pursuant to a purchase and sale contract, labeled “Adjustments and Other Credits”. (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(vii))

      NOTE: This includes amounts known at the time the Loan Estimate is issued that are expected to be paid at closing by third parties not otherwise associated with the transaction, such as gifts from family members, or others not associated with the transaction, as well as proceeds from subordinate financing or other sources. (Comment 1026.37(h)(1)(vii)-1 and -5)
    8. Estimated Cash to Close. The sum of the amounts of the components required for Calculating Cash to Close disclosed as under §§ 1026.37(h)(1)(i) through (vii). (§ 1026.37(h)(1)(viii))
  10. Closing Cost Details: Optional Alternative Calculating Cash To Close Table for Transactions Without A Seller or for Simultaneous Subordinate Financing (Page 2 of the Loan Estimate). If the transaction does not involve a seller or for Simultaneous Subordinate Financing, and the credit union has chosen to provide the optional Alternative Calculating Cash to Close table modeled in Form H-24(G) in Appendix H, determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the total amount of cash or other funds that must be provided by the consumer at consummation, itemized into the following component amounts: (§ 1026.37(h)(2))
    1. Loan Amount.1026.37(h)(2)(i))
    2. Total Closing Costs. Disclosed as a negative number if the amount disclosed under § 1026.37(g)(6) is a positive number, and disclosed as a positive number if the amount disclosed under § 1026.37(g)(6) is a negative number. (§ 1026.37(h)(2)(ii))
    3. Total Payoffs and Payments. Disclosed as the total amount of payoffs and payments to be made to third parties that are not otherwise disclosed. (§ 1026.37(h)(2)(iii))
    4. Cash to Close. Disclosed as the amount of cash or other funds due from or to the consumer and a statement of whether the disclosed estimated amount is due from or to the consumer. The amount must be calculated as the sum of the amounts disclosed under “Loan Amount,” “Total Closing Costs”,” and “Total Payoffs and Payments”. (§ 1026.37(h)(2)(iv))
    5. Closing Costs Financed (Paid from your Loan Amount). Disclosed as the sum of the amounts under “Loan Amount,” and “Total Payoffs and Payments.” The sum is disclosed only to the extent it is greater than “0,” and it is less than or equal to the amount disclosed under “Total Closing Costs”. (§ 1026.37(h)(2)(v))

      NOTE: The optional Alternative Calculating Cash to Close table may only be provided in transactions without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing, In a purchase transaction the optional alternative disclosure may be used for the simultaneous subordinate financing Loan Estimate only if the first-lien Closing Disclosure will record the entirety of the transaction. The use of the alternative table for transactions without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing is optional, but credit unions may only use this alternative estimated cash to close disclosure in conjunction with the alternative disclosure under § 1026.37(d)(2). (Comment 1026.37(h)(2)-1).
  11. Closing Cost Details: Adjustable Payment (AP) Table (Page 2 of the Loan Estimate). For loans where the periodic principal and interest payment may change after consummation based on a factor other than an interest rate adjustment, or for seasonal payment products as described in § 1026.37(a)(10)(ii)(E), determine whether the credit union discloses a separate table under the master headings “Closing Cost Details” and “Adjustable Payment (AP) Table” that contains the following information and satisfies the following requirements:
    1. Interest Only Payments. The disclosure states yes or no to the question of whether the transaction is an interest only product under § 1026.37 (a)(10)(ii)(B) and, if the answer is yes, the disclosure states the period during which interest only periodic payments are scheduled. (§ 1026.37(i)(1))
    2. Optional Payments. The disclosure states yes or no to the question whether the terms of the legal obligation expressly provide that the consumer may elect to pay a specified periodic principal and interest payment in an amount other than the scheduled amount of the payment, and, if the answer is yes, the disclosure states the period during which the consumer may elect to make such payments. (§ 1026.37(i)(2))
    3. Step Payments. The disclosure states yes or no to the question whether the transaction is a step payment product under § 1026.37(a)(10)(ii)(C) and, if the answer is yes, the disclosure states the period during which the regular periodic payments are scheduled to increase. (§ 1026.37(i)(3))
    4. Seasonal Payments. The disclosure states yes or no to the question whether the transaction is a seasonal payment product under § 1026.37(a)(10)(ii)(E) and, if the answer is yes, the disclosure states the period during which periodic payments are not scheduled. (§ 1026.37(i)(4))
    5. Principal and Interest Payments. This label is immediately preceded by the applicable unit period and the disclosures must contain the following information:
      1. The number of the payment of the first periodic principal and interest payment that may change under the terms of the legal obligation (counting from the first periodic payment due after consummation), and the amount or range of the periodic principal and interest payment for such payment, labeled “First Change/Amount”; (§ 1026.37(i)(5)(i))
      2. The frequency of subsequent changes to the periodic principal and interest payment, labeled “Subsequent Changes”; and (§ 1026.37(i)(5)(ii))
      3. The maximum periodic principal and interest payment that may occur during the term of the transaction, and the first periodic principal and interest payment that can reach such maximum, counting from the first periodic payment due after consummation, labeled “Maximum Payment”. (§ 1026.37(i)(5)(iii))

        NOTE: The AP table is required only if the periodic principal and interest payment may change after consummation based on a loan term other than a change to the interest rate, or the transaction contains a seasonal payment product feature as described in § 1026.37(a)(10)(ii)(E). If the transaction does not contain such loan terms, this table may not appear on the Loan Estimate. (Comment 1026.37(i)-1)
  12. Closing Cost Details: Adjustable Interest Rate (AIR) Table. If the interest rate may increase after consummation, determine whether the credit union discloses, as a separate table under the master headings “Closing Cost Details” and “Adjustable Interest Rate (AIR) Table,” the following information and satisfied the following requirements: (§ 1026.37(j))
    1. Index + Margin. Disclosed if the interest rate may adjust and the product type is not a “Step Rate” under § 1026.37(a)(10)(i)(B). The disclosure must show the index upon which the adjustments to the interest rate are based and the margin that is added to the index to determine the interest rate, if any, labeled “Index + Margin.”. (§ 1026.37(j)(1))
    2. Interest Rate Adjustments. If the product type is a “Step Rate” and not also an “Adjustable Rate” under § 1026.37(a)(10)(i)(A), the disclosure must show the maximum amount of any adjustments to the interest rate that are scheduled and pre-determined, labeled “Interest Rate Adjustments”. (§ 1026.37(j)(2))
    3. Initial Interest Rate. The disclosure must show the initial interest rate at consummation of the loan transaction. (§ 1026.37(j)(3))
    4. Minimum and Maximum Interest Rates. The disclosure must show the minimum and maximum interest rates for the loan, after any introductory period expires, labeled “Minimum/Maximum Interest Rate”. (§ 1026.37(j)(4))
    5. Frequency of Adjustments. The following information, under the subheading “Change Frequency” is disclosed:
      1. The month when the interest rate after consummation may first change, calculated from the date interest for the first scheduled periodic payment begins to accrue, labeled “First Change”; and
      2. The frequency of interest rate adjustments after the initial adjustment to the interest rate, labeled, “Subsequent Changes”. (§ 1026.37(j)(5))
    6. Limits on Interest Rate Changes. The following information, under the subheading “Limits on Interest Rate Changes,” is disclosed:
      1. The maximum possible change for the first adjustment of the interest rate after consummation, labeled “First Change”; and
      2. The maximum possible change for subsequent adjustments of the interest rate after consummation, labeled “Subsequent Changes.” (§ 1026.37(j)(6))

        NOTE: If the legal obligation does not permit the interest rate to adjust after consummation, the AIR table is not permitted to appear on the Loan Estimate. The credit union may not disclose a blank table or a table with “N/A” inserted within each row. (Comment 1026.37(j)-1)
  13. Additional Information About This Loan; Contact Information (Page 3 of the Loan Estimate). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses under the master heading, “Additional Information About This Loan,” the following information:
    1. Lender/Mortgage Broker. The name and “NMLS ID/License ID” for the credit union (labeled “Lender”) and the mortgage broker (labeled “Mortgage Broker”), if any. If the credit union or mortgage broker has not been assigned an NMLSR ID, the license number or other unique identifier issued to the credit union or mortgage broker by the applicable jurisdiction or regulating body must be disclosed, with the abbreviation for the State of the applicable jurisdiction or regulatory body stated before the word “License” in the label, if any. (§ 1026.37(k)(1))
    2. Loan Officer. The name and NMLSR ID of the individual loan officer (labeled “Loan Officer” and “NMLS ID/License ID,” respectively) of the credit union and the mortgage broker, if any, who is the primary contact for the consumer. If the individual loan officer has not been assigned an NMLSR ID, the license number or other unique identifier issued by the applicable jurisdiction or regulating body with which the loan officer is licensed and/or registered shall be disclosed, with the abbreviation for the State of the applicable jurisdiction or regulatory body stated before the word “License” in the label, if any. (§ 1026.37(k)(2))
    3. Email/Phone (respectively). The email address and telephone number of the loan officer. (§ 1026.37(k)(3))
  14. Additional Information About This Loan: Comparisons (Page 3 of the Loan Estimate). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the following information for comparison purposes and includes the statement “Use these measures to compare this loan with other loans”: (§ 1026.37(l))
    1. In 5 years1026.37(l)(1))
      1. The total principal, interest, mortgage insurance, and loan costs scheduled to be paid through the end of the 60th month after the due date of the first periodic payment, expressed as a dollar amount, along with the statement “Total you will have paid in principal, interest, mortgage insurance, and loan costs”; and
      2. The principal scheduled to be paid through the end of the 60th month after the due date of the first periodic payment, expressed as a dollar amount, along with the statement “Principal you will have paid off”;
    2. Annual Percentage Rate (APR). Expressed as a percentage, and the following statement: “Your costs over the loan term expressed as a rate. This is not your interest rate”. (§ 1026.37(l)(2))
    3. Total Interest Percentage (TIP). The total amount of interest that the consumer will pay over the life of the loan, expressed as a percentage of the amount of credit extended, using the term “Total Interest Percentage,” the abbreviation “TIP,” and the statement “The total amount of interest that you will pay over the loan term as a percentage of your loan amount.” (§ 1026.37(l)(3))

      NOTE: The Total Interest Percentage includes prepaid interest that the consumer will pay, but does not include prepaid interest that someone other than the consumer will pay. (Comment 1026.37(l)(3)-1)
  15. Additional Information About This Loan: Other Considerations (Page 3 of the Loan Estimate). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the following: (§ 1026.37(m))
    1. Appraisal. For transactions subject to 15 U.S.C. § 1639(h) or § 1691(e), as implemented in this part or Regulation B, 12 CFR 1002, respectively, a statement, labeled “Appraisal,” that: (§ 1026.37(m)(1))
      1. The credit union may order an appraisal to determine the value of the property identified in § 1026.37(a)(6) and may charge the consumer for that appraisal;
      2. The credit union will promptly provide the consumer a copy of any appraisal, even if the transaction is not consummated; and
      3. The consumer may choose to pay for an additional appraisal of the property for the consumer's use.
    2. Assumption. A statement of whether a subsequent purchaser of the property may be permitted to assume the remaining loan obligation on its original terms. (§ 1026.37(m)(2))
    3. Homeowner's Insurance. At the option of the credit union, a statement that homeowner's insurance is required on the property and that the consumer may choose the insurance provider. (§ 1026.37(m)(3))
    4. Late Payment. A statement detailing any charge that may be imposed for a late payment; stated as a dollar amount or percentage charge of the late payment amount; and the number of days that a payment must be late to trigger the late payment fee. (§ 1026.37(m)(4))
    5. Refinance. The following statement: “Refinancing this loan will depend on your future financial situation, the property value, and market conditions. You may not be able to refinance this loan.”. (§ 1026.37(m)(5))
    6. Servicing. A statement of whether the credit union intends to service the loan or transfer the loan to another servicer. (§ 1026.37(m)(6))
    7. Liability after Foreclosure. If the purpose of the credit transaction is to refinance an extension of credit as described in § 1026.37(a)(9)(ii), a brief statement that certain State law protections against liability for any deficiency after foreclosure may be lost, the potential consequences of the loss of such protections, and a statement that the consumer should consult an attorney for additional information. (§ 1026.37(m)(7))
    8. Construction Loans. In a transaction that involves a new construction, if the credit union reasonably expects settlement will occur more than 60 days after the Loan Estimate is issued and wishes to retain the option to provide a revised disclosure, a clear and conspicuous statement that a revised disclosure may be issued any time prior to 60 days before consummation, pursuant to § 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(F). (§ 1026.37(m)(8))
  16. Additional Information About This Loan: Confirm Receipt (Page 3 of the Loan Estimate). If the credit union chooses to provide a signature statement, determine whether the credit union accurately provides the following: “By signing, you are only confirming that you have received this form. You do not have to accept this loan because you have signed or received this form.” If the credit union does not include a line for the consumer's signature, the credit union discloses the following statement (labeled “Loan Acceptance”): “You do not have to accept this loan because you have received this form or signed a loan application.” (§ 1026.37(n))
  17. Form of disclosures.2 Determine whether the credit union made the disclosures required by § 1026.37 clearly and conspicuously in writing, in a form that the consumer may keep, with disclosures grouped together and segregated from everything else, containing only the information required by §§ 1026.37 (a)-(n), made in the same order, and positioned relative to the master headings, headings, subheadings, labels, and similar designations in the same manner, as shown in form H-24, set forth in Appendix H: (§§ 1026.37(o)(1-2))
    1. Form H-24 required. Determine whether, for a transaction subject to § 1026.19(e) that is a federally related mortgage loan, as defined in Regulation X, 12 CFR § 1024.2, the credit union uses form H-24, set forth in Appendix H. (§ 1026.37(o)(3)(i))
    2. Substantially similar disclosures. Determine whether the credit union makes the disclosures with headings, content, and format substantially similar to form H-24, set forth in Appendix H for any other transaction subject to § 1026.37. (§ 1026.37(o)(3)(ii))
    3. Rounding - nearest dollar. Determine whether the credit union accurately rounds the following figures to the nearest whole dollar: (§ 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(A))
      1. The dollar amounts for Loan Terms required by §§ 1026.37(b)(6)-(7), (i.e., adjustments after consummation and details about prepayment penalty and balloon payments);
      2. The dollar amounts for Projected Payments or range of payments required by § 1026.37(c)(1)(iii) (i.e., minimum and maximum amounts of principal and interest for projected periodic payments or range of payments);
      3. The dollar amounts for Mortgage Insurance required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(c)(2)(ii) (i.e., itemization of maximum amount of mortgage insurance premiums);
      4. The dollar amounts for Escrow required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(c)(2)(iii);
      5. The dollar amounts for Taxes, Insurance and Assessments required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(c)(4)(ii);
      6. The dollar amounts for Loan Costs required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(f) (i.e., Origination charges, Services You Cannot Shop For, Services You Can Shop For, and Total Loan Costs);
      7. The dollar amounts for Other Costs required by § 1026.37(g) (i.e., Taxes and Other Government Fees, Prepaids (other than per diem prepaid interest), Initial Escrow Payment at Closing (other than monthly amounts of initial escrow payments), Other, Total Other Costs, and Total Closing Costs) except as noted for percentages;
      8. The dollar amounts for Calculating Cash to Close required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(h); and
      9. The dollar amounts for the Adjustable Payment (AP) Table required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(i).
      10. The dollar amounts for Comparisons required to be disclosed by § 1026.37(l).
    4. Rounding nearest whole cent. Determine that the credit union rounds or truncates the following to the nearest whole cent pursuant to § 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(A):
      1. The per diem amount required by § 1026.37(g)(2)(iii) (prepaid interest paid per day); and
      2. The figures disclosed pursuant to §§ 1026.37(g)(3)(i)-(iii) (initial escrow payment at closing for homeowner’s insurance, mortgage insurance, and property taxes) and § 1026.37(g)(3)(v) (additional escrow items).
    5. Loan amount. Determine that the credit union did not round the loan amount disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(b)(1), and truncated whole numbers at the decimal point. (§ 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(B))
    6. Total periodic payment. Determine that the credit union accurately rounds the total periodic payment required by § 1026.37(c)(2)(iv), if any of the component amounts of the figures disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(A) are rounded to the nearest whole dollar. (§ 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(C))
    7. Percentages. Determine that the credit union discloses the following percentages by rounding the exact amounts to three decimal places and then dropping any trailing zeros that occur to the right of the decimal point. (§ 1026.37(o)(4)(ii)) This procedure applies to the following:
      1. Interest rate and adjustments after consummation (i.e. adjustments to loan amount, interest rate, and periodic payment) disclosed pursuant to §§ 1026.37(b)(2) and (6);
      2. Points as a percentage of the loan amount disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(f)(1)(i);
      3. Percentage of prepaid interest to be paid per day disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(g)(2)(iii);
      4. Index + Margin, Initial Interest Rate, Minimum/Maximum Interest Rate, and Limits on Interest Rate Changes (as disclosed on the Adjustable Interest Rate (AIR) Table) disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(j); and
      5. Annual percentage rate – disclosed per § 1026.37(l)(2)
      6. Total interest percentage disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37(l)(3).

Closing Disclosure

  1. Closing Disclosure. Determine whether the disclosures required for the Closing Disclosure are accurately completed and include the statement: “This form is a statement of final loan terms and closing costs. Compare this document with your Loan Estimate.” (§ 1026.38(a)(2))
  2. Closing Information (Page 1 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether all fields required by § 1026.38(a)(3) are complete and accurate:
    1. Date Issued. Indicating the date disclosures are delivered. (§ 1026.38(a)(3)(i))
    2. Closing Date.1026.38(a)(3)(ii))
    3. Disbursement Date.1026.38(a)(3)(iii))
    4. Settlement Agent.1026.38(a)(3)(iv))
    5. File #. Disclosing the identification number assigned to the transaction by the settlement agent. (§ 1026.38(a)(3)(v))
    6. Property. The address or location of the property as disclosed in the Loan Estimate. (§ 1026.38(a)(3)(vi))
    7. Sale Price. For transactions where there is a seller, the sale price, labeled “Sale Price,” and where there is no seller, the appraised property value labeled “Appraised Prop. Value.”. (§§ 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)(A)-(B))

      NOTE: If the credit union has not obtained an appraisal, the credit union may disclose the estimated value of the property, using the label “Estimated Prop. Value.” (Comment §1026.38(a)(3)(vii)-1)
  3. Transaction information (Page 1 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether all fields required by § 1026.38(a)(4) are complete and accurate:
    1. Borrower. The consumer’s name and mailing address, labeled “Borrower.” (§ 1026.38(a)(4)(i))
    2. Seller. Where applicable, the seller’s name and mailing address, labeled “Seller.” (§ 1026.38(a)(4)(ii))
    3. Lender. The name of the credit union making the disclosure, labeled “Lender.” (§ 1026.38(a)(4)(iii)).
  4. Loan Information (Page 1 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether all fields required by § 1026.38(a)(5) are complete and accurate:
    1. Loan Term. (§ 1026.38(a)(5)(i))
    2. Purpose. (§ 1026.38(a)(5)(ii)
    3. Product.1026.38(a)(5)(iii))
    4. Loan Type.1026.38(a)(5)(iv))
    5. Loan ID #. (§ 1026.38(a)(5)(v))
    6. Mortgage Insurance Case Number (MIC #). The case number for any mortgage insurance policy, if required by the credit union. (§ 1026.38(a)(5)(vi))
  5. Loan Terms (Page 1 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union discloses, in a separate table labeled “Loan Terms,” the information required to be disclosed on the Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(b) reflecting the terms of the legal obligation at consummation. (§ 1026.38(b))
  6. Projected Payments (Page 1 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union discloses, in a separate table labeled “Projected Payments,” the projected payments or range of payments (in the same manner as required on the Loan Estimate under §§ 1026.37(c)(1) - (4)(v)) reflecting the terms of the legal obligation at consummation. Determine whether the credit union referred to the Escrow Account disclosure required by § 1026.38(l)(7) and calculated the estimated escrow payments: (§§ 1026.38(c)(1)-(2))
    1. For transactions subject to RESPA, under the escrow account analysis described in Regulation X, § 1024.17. (§ 1026.38(c)(1)(i))
    2. For transactions not subject to RESPA, either calculated under the escrow account analysis described in Regulation X, § 1024.17, or in the manner set forth in § 1026.37(c)(5). (§ 1026.38(c)(1)(ii))
  7. Costs at Closing (Page 1 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union discloses:
    1. Closing Costs. Disclosed as the sum of the dollar amounts disclosed on page two of the Closing Disclosure, pursuant to § 1026.38(f)(4) (Loan Costs), § 1026.38(g)(5) (Other Costs), and § 1026.38(h)(3) (Lender Credits), together with a statement referring the consumer to the disclosures on page two. (§§ 1026.38(d)(1)(i)(A)-(E))
    2. Cash to Close. Disclosed as the sum of the dollar amounts calculated in accordance with the Calculating Cash to Close table (§ 1026.38(i)(9)(ii)), together with a statement referring the consumer to the disclosures on page two (§§ 1026.38(d)(1)(ii)(A) – (B)), or
    3. Cash to Close (for simultaneous subordinate financing). Disclosed as the amount calculated according to § 1026.38(e)(5)(ii), together with a statement of whether the amount is due from or to the consumer and a reference to the alternative calculating Cash to Close table required pursuant to § 1026.38(e). (§§ 1026.38(d)(2)(i) – (iii))
  8. Closing Cost Details: Loan Costs (Page 2 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union disclosed all costs associated with the transaction, with columns stating whether the charge was borrower-paid at or before closing, seller-paid at or before closing, or paid by others, under the following subheadings:
    1. Origination Charges. Itemized amounts paid for charges disclosed on the Loan Estimate (§ 1026.37(f)(1)) and the total of borrower-paid amounts paid at or before closing; together with:
      1. The compensation paid by the credit union to a third-party loan originator, and
      2. The name of the third-party loan originator receiving payment. (§ 1026.38(f)(1))
    2. Services Borrower Did Not Shop For. Itemized costs for each settlement service the credit union required but did not allow the consumer to shop for, with name of recipient, amount, and total costs designated borrower-paid at or before closing. Items listed in the Loan Estimate (§ 1026.37(f)(3)) are disclosed here if the consumer was provided a written list of settlement service providers under § 1026.19(e)(1)(vi)(C) and the consumer selected a settlement service provider from that written list. (§ 1026.38(f)(2))
    3. Services Borrower Did Shop For. Itemized costs for each service required by the credit union, that the consumer shopped for in accordance with § 1026.19(e)(1)(vi)(A), with the amount, the name of recipient, and the total costs designated as borrower-paid at or before closing. If these items were disclosed on the Loan Estimate pursuant to § 1026.37(f)(3), they are disclosed here if the consumer was provided a written list of settlement service providers and did not select a settlement service provider from that written list. (§ 1026.38(f)(3))
    4. Total Loan Costs (Borrower-Paid). The sum of the amounts disclosed under § 1026.38(f)(5) as borrower-paid for the origination charge, services the borrower did not shop for and services the borrower did shop for. (§ 1026.38(f)(4))
    5. Loan Costs Subtotals. Calculation of the total borrower-paid costs at or before closing, showing each subtotal for the origination charge, services the borrower did not shop for, and services the borrower did shop for. (§ 1026.38 (f)(5))
  9. Cost Details: Other Costs (Page 2 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union disclosed all costs associated with the transaction (other than those disclosed in the “Loan Costs” table) with columns stating whether the charge was borrower-paid at or before closing, seller-paid at or before closing, or paid by others, including:
    1. Taxes and Other Government Fees. All taxes and government fees to be paid by the borrower at or before closing, including recording fees and transfer taxes, accurately itemized. Determine that the itemized transfer tax is accompanied by the name of the government entity assessing the transfer tax. (§ 1026.38(g)(1)(i)-(ii))

      NOTE: For additional guidance on taxes and other government fees, see Comments 1026.37(g)(1) For additional guidance on transfer taxes and recording fees, see Comments 1026.38(g)(1).
    2. Prepaids. Accurately itemized prepaid charges described in the borrower’s Loan Estimate as required by § 1026.37(g)(2), the name of the person ultimately receiving the prepaid payment or the government entity assessing the property tax charged, and the total of all amounts designated as borrower-paid at or before closing. If prepaid interest is not collected for any period between closing and the date from which interest will be collected with the first monthly payment, then $0.00 is disclosed. (§ 1026.38(g)(2))
    3. Initial Escrow Payment at Closing. Accurate itemizations of each escrow amount required at closing as described on the borrower’s Loan Estimate pursuant to § 1026.37(g)(3) (e.g., homeowner’s insurance, mortgage insurance, property taxes, etc.), applicable aggregate adjustments pursuant to § 1024.17(d)(2), and the total of all amounts designated as borrower-paid at or before closing. (§ 1026.38(g)(3))
    4. Other. All charges, accurately itemized, for services required or related to the borrower’s transaction that are in addition to the charges disclosed in the Loan Costs table (§ 1026.38(f)) and in the Other Costs table (§§ 1026.38(g)(1)-(3)), for services required or obtained in the real estate closing by the consumer, the seller, or other party; the name of the person ultimately receiving the payment; and the total of all such itemized amounts that are designated borrower-paid at or before closing, with the applicable designations for items that are optional or are components of title insurance services. (§§ 1026.38(g)(4)(i)-(ii))
    5. Total Other Costs (Borrower-Paid). Accurately totaled and disclosed sum of all amounts disclosed as borrower-paid. (§ 1026.38(g)(5))
    6. Other Costs Subtotals. Accurately added the individual subtotals in this “Closing Costs Details – Other Costs” table disclosed under §§ 1026.38(g)(1)-(4) to produce the total. (§ 1026.38(g)(6))
  10. Closing Cost Details: Total Closing Costs (Page 2 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union:
    1. Follows the description, labeling, and ordering requirements for this table; and (§ 1026.38(h)(4))
    2. Accurately discloses the following closing costs totals:
      1. Total Closing Costs (Borrower Paid). The sum of subtotals for Closing Costs (§ 1026.38(h)(2)) and Lender Credits (§ 1026.38(h)(3)) (i.e., the following two items in this list). (§ 1026.38(h)(1))
      2. Closing Costs Subtotals. Consisting of the sum of “Loan Cost Subtotals” (§ 1026.38(f)(5) and the “Other Costs Subtotals” (§ 1026.38(g)(6)), designated as borrower-paid at or before closing; and the sum of costs paid at and before closing by the seller or other parties (as disclosed pursuant to §§ 1026.38(f) and (g)). (§ 1026.38(h)(2))
      3. Lender Credits. For general credits from the credit union for closing costs (as described in § 1026.37(g)(6)(ii), shown as a negative number, and designated as borrower-paid at closing. (§ 1026.38(h)(3))

        NOTE: Credits that are for specific charges should be reflected in the Paid by Others column in the Closing Cost Details table (with a notation of “(L)” for lender permitted) under §§ 1026.38(f) and (g). (Comment 1026.38(h)(3)-1)

        NOTE: If a refund is provided pursuant to § 1026.19(f)(2)(v), determine whether the credit union has provided a statement explaining that the refund (the amount described in the Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(g)(6)(ii)) includes a credit for the amount that exceeds the limitations on increases in closing costs under § 1026.19(e)(3), and the amount of such credit.
  11. Calculating Cash to Close Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union, for each of the following items, accurately includes the amount from the most recent Loan Estimate provided to the consumer, compared to the amount disclosed in the “Final” column, and provides the necessary answer to the question “Did This Change?” (with items in the latter column disclosed more prominently than other disclosures). (§§ 1026.38(i)(1)(i)-(iii))
    1. Total Closing Costs. The Total Closing Costs on the Calculating Cash to Close table of the most recent Loan Estimate disclosed under § 1026.37(h)(1)(i) compared to the final “Total Closing Costs” disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(1), and:
      1. If the amounts are different (unless due to rounding), the credit union has provided: (§§ 1026.38(i)(1)(i)-(iii))
        1. A statement of that fact; (§ 1026.38(i)(1)(iii)(A)(1))
        2. If the difference in the “Total Closing Costs” is attributable to differences in itemized charges that are included in either or both subtotals, a statement that the consumer should see the Total Loan Costs (under § 1026.38(f)(4)) and Total Other Costs (under § 1036.38(g)(5) subtotals disclosed (together with references to such disclosures), as applicable; and (§ 1026.38(i)(1)(iii)(A)(2))
        3. If the increase exceeds the limitations on increases in closing costs under § 1026.19(e)(3), a statement that such increase exceeds the legal limits by the dollar amount of the excess, and if any refund is provided pursuant to § 1026.19(f)(2)(v), a statement directing the consumer to the disclosure required under § 1026.38 (h)(3). or, if a principal reduction is used to provide the refund, a statement directing the consumer to the principal reduction disclosure under § 1026.38(j)(1)(v). The dollar amount must equal the sum total of all excesses of the limitations on increases in closing costs under § 1026.19(e)(3), taking into account the different methods of calculating excesses of the limitations on increases in closing costs under §§ 1026.19(e)(3)(i) and (ii)1026.38(i)(1)(iii)(A)(3))
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(l)(ii) (i.e., amount in the Final column) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(l)(i) (i.e., amount copied over from the most recent Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(1)(iii)(B))
    2. Closing Costs Paid Before Closing. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the dollar amount “$0,” compared to the final amount of “Total Closing Costs” disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(2) and designated as borrower-paid before closing, stated as a negative number, and (§§ 1026.38(i)(2)(i)-(iii)):
      1. If these amounts are different (unless the difference is due to rounding), the credit union has provided a statement of that fact, along with a statement that the consumer paid such amounts prior to consummation of the transaction (§ 1026.38(i)(2)(iii)(A)); or if the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(2)(ii) (amount in the Final column) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(2)(i)(0), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(2)(iii)(B))
    3. Closing Costs Financed (Paid from your Loan Amount). Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on Calculating Cash to Close table on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(1)(ii), compared to the actual amount of the closing costs that are to be paid out of loan proceeds, if any, stated as a negative number, under the subheading “Final”; and, (§§ 1026.38(i)(3)(i)-(iii))

      NOTE: For simultaneous subordinate financing transactions, regardless of whether a sale price was disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(1)(ii), no sale price will be included in the closing costs financed calculation as payment to third parties. (Comment 1026.38(i)(3)-1.ii)
      1. If the amounts are different (unless the difference is due to rounding), a statement of that fact, along with a statement that the consumer included the closing costs in the loan amount, which increased the loan amount; or, (§ 1026.38(i)(3)(iii)(A))
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(3)(ii)(i.e., amount in the Final column) is equal to the amount disclosed pursuant to § 1026.38(i)(3)(i) (i.e., amount copied over from the most recent Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(3)(iii)(B))
         
    4. Down Payment/Funds from Borrower.
      1. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the most recent Loan Estimate in the Calculating Cash to Close table under § 1026.37(h)(1)(iii), labeled “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower”.
      2. Under the subheading “Final”: (§ 1026.38(i)(4)(ii))
        1. In a purchase transaction as defined in § 1026.38(a)(9)(i), the amount determined by subtracting the sum of the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.38(b) and any amount of existing loans assumed or taken subject to that is disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iv) from the sale price of the property disclosed under § 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)(A), labeled “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower,” except as required by § 1026.38(i)(4)(ii)(A)(2);
        2. In a purchase transaction that is a simultaneous subordinate financing or that involves improvements to be made on the property, or when the sum of the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.38(b) and any amount of existing loans assumed or taken subject to that is disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iv) exceeds the sale price disclosed under § 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)(A), the amount of funds from the consumer as determined in accordance with § 1026.38(i)(6)(iv) labeled “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower,” or
        3. In all transaction not subject to § 1026.38(i)(4)(ii)(A), the amount of funds from the consumer as determined in accordance with § 1026.38(i)(6)(iv), labeled “Down Payment/Funds from Borrower.”
      3. Under the subheading “Did this change?,” disclosed more prominently than the other disclosures under § 1026.38(i)(4):
        1. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(4)(ii) (such as, amount in the Final column) is different, unless due to rounding, from the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(4)(i) (such as, amount copied over from the most recent Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact, along with a statement that the consumer increased or decreased this payment and can see further details in the “Summaries of Transactions” table; or (§ 1026.38(i)(4)(iii)(A))
        2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(4)(ii) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(4)(i), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(4)(iii)(B))
    5. Deposit. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the Deposit amount disclosed on the Calculating Cash to Close table on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(1)(iv), labeled “Deposit”. Under the sub-heading “Final”, on the Summaries of Transactions table on the Closing Document the amount under § 1026.38(j)(2)(ii), stated as a negative number. Under the subheading “Did this Change?,” disclosed more prominently than the other disclosures under § 1026.38(i)(5).

      NOTE: Under § 1026.37(h)(1)(iv), for all transactions other than a purchase transaction as defined in § 1026.37(a)(9)(i), the amount required to be disclosed is $0. In a purchase transaction in which no deposit is paid in connection with the transaction, the amount to be disclosed is $0. (Comment 1026.38(i)(5)-1)
      1. If the amounts are different, unless due to rounding, a statement of that fact, along with a statement that the consumer increased or decreased this payment, as applicable, and that the consumer should see the details disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(ii), Section L in the Summaries of Transactions table; or,
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(5)(ii), amount in the Final column, is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(5)(i) (amount copied over from the Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(5)(iii)(B))
    6. Funds for Borrower. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the Calculating Cash to Close table on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(1)(v), labeled “Funds for Borrower”. (§§ 1026.38(i)(6)(i)-(iii)) Under the subheading “Final,” the “Funds for Borrower,” labeled using that term, as determined in accordance with (§ 1026.38(i)(6)(iv)) Under the subheading “Did this Change?,” disclosed more prominently than the other disclosures under § 1026.38(i)(6): Changes between the “Loan Estimate” and “Final” column amounts are noted in the “Did this Change?” column in accordance with the requirements of § 1026.38(i)(6)(iii)

      NOTE: The “Final” amount of “Funds for Borrower” to be disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(6)(ii) is calculated pursuant to § 1026.38(i)(6)(iv) by subtracting the sum of the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.38(b) and any amount of existing loans assumed or taken subject to that is disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iv) (excluding any closing costs financed disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(3)(ii)) from the total amount of all existing debt being satisfied in the transaction. The “Final” amount is disclosed either as a negative number or as $0, depending on the result of the calculation, and is an amount to be disbursed to the consumer or a designee of the consumer at consummation, if any. (Comment 1026.38(i)(6)(ii)-1)

      NOTE: When the down payment and funds from the borrower is determined in accordance with § 1026.38(i)(4)(ii)(A)(1), the amount disclosed as “Funds for Borrower” is $0. (Comment 38(i)(6)(ii)-2)
      1. If the amounts are different, unless due to rounding, a statement of that fact, along with a statement that the consumer's available funds from the loan amount have increased or decreased, as applicable; or (§ 1026.38(i)(6)(iii)(A))
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(6)(ii) (amount in the Final column) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(6)(i) (amount copied over from the Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(6)(iii)(B))
    7. Seller Credits. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the Calculating Cash to Close table on the Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(1)(vi), labeled “Seller Credit.” Under the subheading “Final,” the amount disclosed pursuant to § 1026.38(j)(2)(v), stated as a negative number. Under the subheading “Did this Change?,” disclosed more prominently than the other disclosures under § 1026.38(i)(7):
      1. If the amounts are different, unless due to rounding, determine whether the credit union discloses a statement that the consumer should see the details disclosed under either
        1. under § 1026.38(j)(2)(v) in the summaries of transactions table, and the seller-paid column of the closing cost details table under §§ 1026.38(f) or (g); or

        2. if the difference is attributable only to general seller credits disclosed under either § 1026.38(j)(2)(v) or only to specific seller credits disclosed in the seller-paid column of the closing costs detail table under §§ 1026.38(f) or (g), under only the applicable provision. (§ 1026.38(i)(7)(iii)(A))

      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(7)(ii) (i.e. amount in the Final column) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(7)(i) (i.e. amount copied over from the Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(7)(iii)(B))
    8. Adjustments and Other Credits. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the Calculating Cash to Close table on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(1)(vii), compared to the amount listed pursuant to §§ 1026.38(j)(1)(v)-(x) (to the extent these amounts were not included in the calculation required by §§ 1026.38(i)(4) or (6)), and § 1026.38(j)(1)(vi). (See exam procedures below on Itemizations of Amounts Due From Borrower) reduced by the total of the amounts disclosed under §§ 1026.38(j)(2)(vi)-(xi) (See exam procedures below on Itemization Of Amounts Already Paid By Or On Behalf Of Borrower). (§§ 1026.38(i)(8)(i)-(ii))

      NOTE: If the calculation yields a negative number, the amount is disclosed as a negative number. (Comment 1026.38(i)(8)(ii)-1)
      1. If the amounts are different, unless due to rounding, statement of that fact, along with a statement that the consumer should see the details disclosed under §§ 1026.38(j)(l)(v) through (x) and (j)(2)(vi) through (xi) (Sections K and L in the Summaries of Transactions table); or (§ 1026.38(i)(8)(iii)(A))
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(8)(ii) (i.e. amount in the Final column) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(i)(8)(i) (i.e. amount copied over from the most recent Loan Estimate), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(i)(8)(iii)(B))
    9. Cash to Close. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the Calculating Cash to Close table on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(1)(viii), compared to the “Final” amount listed pursuant to §§ 1026.38(i)(1) through (i)(8), and each disclosed more prominently than the other disclosures in this section. (§§ 1026.38(i)(9)(i)-(ii))
  12. Alternative Cash to Close Table for Transactions without a Seller or for Simultaneous Subordinate Financing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union properly uses the optional Alternative Cash to Close table. (§ 1026.38(e)), and whether the table is disclosed under the heading “Calculating Cash to Close,” together with the statement “Use this table to see what has changed from your Loan Estimate.” Determine whether the table includes:

    Note: This table may be used only in a transactions without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing. In a purchase transaction, the alternative disclosure may be used for the simultaneous subordinate financing Closing Disclosure only if the first-lien Closing Disclosure records the entirety of the seller’s transaction. The use of this alternative calculating cash to close table for transaction without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate transactions is required if the Loan Estimate provided to the consumer disclosed the optional alternative table under § 1026.38(d)(2). (Comments 1026.38(e)-1,(j)-3,(k)(2)(vii)-1, 38(t)(5)(vii)(B)-1 and -2)
    1. Loan Amount. Labeled “Loan Amount”. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the loan amount disclosed on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(b)(1). Under the subheading “Final,” the loan amount disclosed under § 1026.38(b), disclosed more prominently than other disclosures in this section, under the subheading, “Did this change?”
      1. If the amounts are different (unless due to rounding), a statement of that fact along with a statement of whether this amount increased or decreased.
      2. If there is no change, a statement of that fact. (§§ 1026.38(e)(1)(i) – (iii))
    2. Total Closing Costs. Labeled “Total Closing Costs”. Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.38(h)(1). Under the subheading “Final, ”the final total closing costs disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(1), disclosed as a negative number if the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(1) is a positive number and disclosed as a positive number if the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(1) is a negative number and disclosed more prominently than other disclosures, with the question: “Did this change?” If there is no change, a statement of that fact. If the amounts are different (unless due to rounding):
      1. A statement of that fact (§ 1026.38(e)(2)(iii)(A)(1));
      2. If there is a change because of differences in itemized charges that are included in either or both subtotals, a statement that the consumer should look at the total loan costs and total other costs subtotals disclosed below, together with references to those disclosures; and (§ 1026.38(e)(2)(iii)(A)(2))
      3. If the increase exceeds the legal limits for increases in closing costs under § 1026.19(e)(3); a statement of that fact; the dollar amount of the excess and, if any refund is provided, a reference to the disclosure required for including the refund in a lender credit under § 1026.38(h)(3), or if applicable, a statement directing the consumer to the principal reduction disclosure under § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B). (§ 1026.38(e)(2)(iii)(A)(3))
      4. If there is no change and the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(2)(i) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(2)(ii), a statement of that fact.
    3. Closing Costs Paid before Closing. Labeled “Closing Costs Paid Before Closing:” Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount of $0; and under the subheading “Final,” any amount designated as borrower-paid before closing under § 1026.38(h)(2), disclosed as a positive number. Disclosed more prominently than other disclosures, under the subheading “Did This Change?” (§ 1026.38(e)(3))
      1. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(3)(ii) is different than the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(3)(i), unless due to rounding, a statement of that fact along with a statement that the consumer paid such amounts prior to consummation; or (§ 1026.38(e)(3)(iii)(A))
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(3)(ii) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(3)(i), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(e)(3)(iii)(B))
    4. Total Payoffs and Payments. Labeled “Total Payoffs and Payments.” Under the subheading “Loan Estimate,” the amount disclosed on the most recent Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(h)(2)(iii). Under the subheading “Final,” the total amount of payoffs and payments made to third parties not otherwise disclosed under § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B), to the extent known, disclosed as a negative number if the total amount disclosed under § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B) is a positive number and disclosed as a positive number if the total amount disclosed under § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B) is a negative number. Determine whether these disclosures are disclosed more prominently than other disclosures under this paragraph under the subheading “Did This Change?” (§ 1026.38(e)(4))
      1. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(4)(ii) is different than the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(4)(i) (unless the difference is due to rounding), a statement of that fact, along with a reference to the “Payoffs and Payments” table that may be added pursuant to § 1026.38(t)(5)(viii)(B)) (§ 1026.38(e)(4)); or
      2. If the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(4)(ii) is equal to the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(e)(4)(i), a statement of that fact. (§ 1026.38(e)(4)(iii)(B))
    5. Cash to or from the consumer. Labeled “Cash to Close”: Under the subheading “Loan Estimate”, a statement of whether the estimated amount is due from or to the consumer, as disclosed under § 1026.37(h)(2)(iv) on the most recent Loan Estimate; and a Under the subheading “Final.” a disclosure of the final amount due from or to the consumer disclosed as a positive number. (§§ 1026.38(e)(5)(i) – (ii))
    6. Closing Costs Financed (Paid from your Loan Amount). Labeled “Closing Costs Financed (Paid from your Loan Amount).” Disclosed as the sum of the amounts disclosed under §§ 1026.38(e)(1)(ii) and (e)(4)(ii) (the amounts in the Final Column of the Loan Amount and Total Payoffs and Payments). However, the amount is disclosed only to the extent that the sum is greater than zero and less than or equal to the sum disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(1) (Total Closing Costs) minus the sum disclosed under § 1026.38(h)(2) designated as borrower-paid before closing. (§ 1026.38(e)(6))
  13. Borrower’s Transaction: Itemization of Amounts Due From Borrower at Closing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the total amount due from the consumer at closing, calculated as the sum of items required to be disclosed by §§ 1026.38(j)(1)(ii) -(x) (the items described in this procedure), excluding items paid from funds other than closing funds as described in § 1026.38(j)(4)(i). Determine whether the credit union completes the summary of the borrower’s transaction as follows: (§ 1026.38(j)(1))
    1. Sale Price of Property. The amount of the contract sales price of the property being sold in a purchase real estate transaction, excluding the price of any tangible personal property if the consumer and seller have agreed to a separate price for such items (personal property does not include manufactured homes). (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(ii))
    2. Sale Price of Any Personal Property Included in Sale. The amount of the sales price of any tangible personal property excluded from the contract sales price pursuant to § 1026.38(j)(1)(ii). (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(iii))
    3. Closing Costs Paid at Closing. The total amount of closing costs disclosed that are designated borrower-paid at closing, calculated pursuant to § 1026.38(h)(2) (see procedure above regarding Closing Costs Subtotals). (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(iv))
    4. A description and the amount of any additional items that the seller has paid prior to the real estate closing, but reimbursed by the consumer at the real estate closing, and a description and the amount of any other items owed by the consumer at the real estate closing not otherwise disclosed pursuant to §§ 1026.38(f), (g), or (j). (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(v))
    5. The description “Adjustments for Items Paid by Seller in Advance”. (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(vi))
    6. City/Town Taxes. The prorated amount of any prepaid taxes due from the consumer to reimburse the seller at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(vii))
    7. County Taxes. The prorated amount of any prepaid taxes due from the consumer to reimburse the seller at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(viii))
    8. Assessments. The prorated amount of any prepaid assessments due from the consumer to reimburse the seller at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(ix))
    9. A description and the amount of any additional items paid by the seller prior to the real estate closing that are due from the consumer at the real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(x))
  14. Borrower’s Transaction: Itemization of Amounts Paid Already by or on behalf of Borrower at Closing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the sum of the amounts disclosed in §§ 1026.38(j)(2)(ii)-(xi) (the items described in this procedure), excluding items paid from funds other than closing funds as described in § 1026.38(j)(4)(i). Determine whether the credit union accurately completes the summary of borrower’s transaction as follows: (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(i))
    1. Deposit. Any amount that is paid to the seller or held in trust or escrow by an attorney or other party under the terms of the agreement for the sale of the property. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(ii))
    2. Loan Amount. The amount of the consumer's new loan amount or first user loan as disclosed pursuant to § 1026.38(b). (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(iii))
    3. Existing Loan(s) Assumed or Taken Subject To. The amount of any existing loans that the consumer is assuming, or any loans subject to which the consumer is taking title to the property. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(iv))
    4. Seller Credit. The total amount of money that the seller will provide at the real estate closing as a lump sum not otherwise itemized to pay for loan costs as determined by § 1026.38(f) and other costs as determined by § 1026.38(g) and any other obligations of the seller to be paid directly to the consumer. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(v))
    5. Other Credits. A description and amount of other items paid by or on behalf of the consumer and not otherwise disclosed pursuant to §§ 1026.38(f)-(h), (j)(2), labeled “Other Credits”; and amounts and descriptions of any additional amounts owed the consumer but payable to the seller before the real estate closing, under the heading “Adjustments.” (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(vi))

      NOTE: Any financing arrangements or other new loans not otherwise disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(iii) or (iv) must be disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(2)(vi) on the first-lien Closing Disclosure. The principal amount of subordinate financing is disclosed on the summaries of transactions table for the borrower’s transaction either on line 04 under the subheading “L. Paid Already by or on Behalf of Borrower at Closing,” or under the subheading “Other Credits.” (Comment 1026.38(j)(2)(vi)-2)
    6. The description “Adjustments for Items Unpaid by Seller”. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(vii))
    7. City/Town Taxes. The prorated amount of any unpaid taxes due from the seller to reimburse the consumer at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(viii))
    8. County Taxes. The prorated amount of any unpaid taxes due from the seller to reimburse the consumer at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(ix)
    9. Assessments. The prorated amount of any unpaid assessments due from the seller to reimburse the consumer at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding that amount. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(x))
    10. A description and the amount of any additional items which have not yet been paid and which the consumer is expected to pay after the real estate closing, but which are attributable in part to a period of time prior to the real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(j)(2)(xi))
  15. Borrower’s Transaction: Calculation of Borrower’s Transaction (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the total amount due from, and already paid by, the consumer at closing by the following calculation: (§ 1026.38(j)(3))
    1. Total Due from Borrower at Closing. The amount disclosed in the Closing Disclosure, on the line captioned “Due from Borrower at Closing”. (§ 1026.38(j)(3)(i))
    2. Total Paid Already by or on Behalf of Borrower at Closing. The amount disclosed in the Closing Disclosure, on the line captioned “Paid Already by or on Behalf of Borrower at Closing,” if any, disclosed as a negative number. (§ 1026.38(j)(3)(ii))
    3. Cash to Close. A statement that the disclosed amount is due from or to the consumer, and the amount due from or to the consumer at the real estate closing, calculated by the sum of the amounts disclosed as the “Total Due from Borrower at Closing” and “Total Paid Already by or on Behalf of Borrower at Closing”, labeled “Cash to Close”. (§ 1026.38(j)(3)(iii))
  16. Borrower’s Transaction: Paid Outside of Closing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union discloses other costs that are not paid from closing funds, but would otherwise be disclosed; describe the funds as “Paid Outside of Closing” or the abbreviation “P.O.C.,” and include the name of the party making the payment. (§ 1026.38(j)(4)(i))

    NOTE: For purposes of §1026.38(j), “closing funds” means funds collected and disbursed at real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(j)(4)(ii))
  17. Seller’s Transaction: Itemization of Amounts Due to Seller at Closing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the total amount due to the seller at the real estate closing, calculated as the sum of items required to be disclosed pursuant to §§ §(the items in this procedure), excluding items paid from funds other than closing funds as described in § 1026.38(k)(4)(i). Determine whether the credit union accurately completes the summary of seller’s transaction as follows: (§ 1026.38)(k)(1)(i))
    1. Sale Price of Property. The amount of the contract sales price of the property being sold, excluding the price of any tangible personal property if the consumer and seller have agreed to a separate price for such items. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(ii))
    2. Sale Price of Any Personal Property Included in Sale. The amount of the sales price of any tangible personal property excluded from the contract sales price pursuant to section 1026.38(k)(1)(ii). (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(iii))
    3. A description and the amount of other items paid to the seller by the consumer pursuant to the contract of sale or other agreement, such as charges that were not disclosed pursuant to § 1026.37 on the Loan Estimate or items paid by the seller prior to the real estate closing but reimbursed by the consumer at the real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(iv))
    4. The description “Adjustments for Items Paid by Seller in Advance”. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(v))
    5. City/Town Taxes. The prorated amount of any prepaid taxes due from the consumer to reimburse the seller at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(vi))
    6. County Taxes. The prorated amount of any prepaid taxes due from the consumer to reimburse the seller at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(vii))
    7. Assessments. The prorated amount of any unpaid assessments due from the consumer to reimburse the seller at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding that amount. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(viii))
    8. A description and the amount of additional items paid by the seller prior to the real estate closing that are reimbursed by the consumer at the real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(1)(ix))
  18. Seller’s Transaction: Itemization of Amounts Due from Seller at Closing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the sum of the amounts disclosed in §§ 1026.38(k)(2)(ii)-(xiii) (the items in this procedure), excluding items paid from funds other than closing funds described in section 1026.38(k)(4)(i). Determine whether the credit union accurately completes the summary of the seller’s transaction as follows: (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(i))
    1. Excess Deposit. The amount of any excess deposit disbursed prior to closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(ii))
    2. Closing Costs Paid at Closing. The amount of closing costs designated seller-paid at closing and disclosed pursuant to § 1026.38(h)(2). (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(iii))
    3. Existing Loan(s) Assumed or Taken Subject To. The amount of any existing loans assumed or taken subject to by the consumer. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(iv))
    4. Payoff of First Mortgage Loan. The amount of a first lien loan secured by the property being sold that will be paid off at closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(v))
    5. Payoff of Second Mortgage Loan. The amount of any loan secured by a second lien on the property that will be paid off as part of the real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(vi))
    6. Seller Credit. The total amount of seller funds to be provided at closing as a lump sum that has not otherwise been itemized to pay for loan costs as determined by § 1026.38(f) and other costs as determined by § 1026.38(g) and any other obligations of the seller to be paid directly to the consumer. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(vii))
    7. A description and amount of all other items required to be paid by the seller at closing, including any lien-related payoffs, fees, or obligations. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(viii))
    8. The description “Adjustments for Items Unpaid by Seller”. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(ix))
    9. City/Town Taxes. The prorated amount of unpaid taxes due from the seller to reimburse the consumer at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(x)
    10. County Taxes. The prorated amount of any unpaid taxes due from the seller to the consumer at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(xi))
    11. Assessments. The prorated amount of any unpaid assessments due from the seller to reimburse the consumer at the real estate closing, and the time period corresponding to that amount. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(xii))
    12. A description and the amount of any additional items which have not yet been paid and which the consumer is expected to pay after the real estate closing, but which are attributable in part to a period of time prior to the real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(2)(xiii))
  19. Seller’s Transaction: Calculation of Seller’s Transaction (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately discloses the total amount due to and from the seller at closing by the following calculation: (§ 1026.38(k)(3))
    1. Total Due to Seller Closing. The amount disclosed in the Closing Disclosure, on the line captioned “Due from Seller at Closing”. (§ 1026.38(k)(3)(i))
    2. Total Due from Seller at Closing. The amount disclosed in the Closing Disclosure on the line captioned “Due from Seller at Closing,” disclosed as a negative number. (§ 1026.38(k)(3)(ii))
    3. Cash. A statement that the disclosed amount is due from or to the seller and the amount due, calculated by the sum of the amounts disclosed as the “Total Due to Seller at Closing” and “Total Due from Seller at Closing”. (§ 1026.38(k)(3)(iii))
  20. Seller’s Transaction: Items Paid Outside of Closing Funds (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union discloses other costs that are not paid out of closing funds, but would otherwise be disclosed in the Summaries of Transactions: Seller’s Transaction table; describing the funds as “Paid Outside of Closing” or the abbreviation “P.O.C.,” and including the name of the party making the payment. (§ 1026.38(k)(4)(i))

    NOTE: For purposes of § 1026.38(k), “closing funds” means funds collected and disbursed at real estate closing. (§ 1026.38(k)(4)(ii))

    NOTE: § 1026.38(k) does not apply in a transaction where there is no seller, such as a refinance transaction or a transaction with a construction purpose as defined in § 1026.37(a)(9)(iii), or in a simultaneous subordinate financing purchase transaction if the first-lien Closing Disclosure records the entirety of the seller’s transaction. (Comment 1026.38(k)-1) If § 1026.38(k) applies to a simultaneous subordinate financing transaction, § 1026.38(k) is completed based only on the terms and conditions of the simultaneous subordinate financing transaction and no contract sales price is disclosed under § 1026.38(k)(1)(ii) on the Closing Disclosure for the simultaneous subordinate financing. (Comment 1026.38(k)(1)-1)
  21. Payoff and Payments Table for Transactions without a Seller or for Simultaneous Subordinate Financing (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether a credit union, using an optional modified Closing Disclosure (as illustrated by form H-25(J) in Appendix H), has provided alternative tables for Cash to Close, pursuant to § 1026.38(d)(2), and for Calculating Cash to Close pursuant to § 1026.38(e) and that the credit union itemizes the amounts of payments made at consummation to other parties from the credit extended to the consumer or funds provided by the consumer in connection with the transaction, including designees of the consumer; the payees and a description of the purpose of such disbursements under the subheading “To;” and the total amount of such payments, labeled “Total Payoffs and Payments.”. (§ 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B))

    NOTE: Funds provided by designees of the consumer may include gift funds, grants, proceeds from loans that satisfy the partial exemption criteria in § 1026.3(h), and, on the Closing Disclosure for a simultaneous subordinate financing transaction, contributions from a seller for costs associated with the subordinate financing. (Comment 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B)-1)
  22. Disclosure of Subordinate Financing for a Transaction without a Seller, or for Simultaneous Subordinate Financing. (Page 3 of the Closing Disclosure)Determine whether the credit union permissibly modified form H-25 of Appendix H, pursuant to the requirements of § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii).
    1. The information required by §§ 1026.38(a)(4)(ii), (f), (g), and (h) with respect to loan costs, other costs, and closing costs paid by the seller, may be deleted. (§ 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(A))
    2. A table under the master heading “Closing Cost Details” required by § 1026.38(f) may be added with the heading “Payoffs and Payments” that itemizes the amounts of payments made at closing to other parties from the credit extended to the consumer or funds provided by the consumer in connection with the transaction, including designees of the consumer; the payees and a description of the purpose of such disbursements under the subheading “To”: and the total amount of such payments labeled “Total Payoffs and Payments.” (§ 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B))
    3. The tables required to be disclosed by §§ 1026.38(j) and (k) may be deleted. (§ 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(C))
      NOTE: The Commentary to § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B) provides guidance as follows:
  23. Additional Information About This Loan: Loan Disclosures (Page 4 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately provides the required disclosures: (§ 1026.38(l))
    1. Assumption. Whether the loan obligations may be assumed by a subsequent purchaser. (§ 1026.38(l)(1));
    2. Demand Feature. Whether the legal obligation includes a demand feature, and, if it does, a reference to the note or other loan contract for details. (§ 1026.38(l)(2))
    3. Late Payment. The dollar amount or percentage charge of any fee designated as a late payment (information required on the Loan Estimate by § 1026.37(m)(4)) and the number of days after which such a charge will be triggered. (§ 1026.38(l)(3))
    4. Negative Amortization (Increase in Loan Amount). Whether the regular period payments may cause the principal balance to increase.
      1. If the regular periodic payments do not cover all of the interest due, the credit union provides a statement that the borrower’s principal balance will increase, such balance will likely become larger than the original loan amount, and increases in such balance lower the consumer’s equity in the property.
      2. If the consumer may make regular periodic payments that do not cover all of the interest due, the credit union provides a statement that, if the consumer chooses a monthly payment option that does not cover all of the interest due, the principal balance may become larger than the original loan amount and the increases in the principal balance lower the consumer’s equity in the property. (§§ 1026.38(l)(4)(i)-(ii))
    5. Partial Payments. Whether the credit union that accepts less than the full amount due has provided a statement that the “lender,” (using that label) may accept partial payments and apply such payments to the consumer's loan.
      1. If periodic payments that are less than the full amount due are accepted but not applied to a consumer's loan until the consumer pays the remainder of the full amount due, a statement that the lender, may hold partial payments in a separate account until the consumer pays the remainder of the payment and then apply the full periodic payment to the consumer's loan.
      2. If periodic payments that are less than the full amount due are not accepted, the lender, does not accept any partial payments; and
      3. A statement that, if the loan is sold, the new lender, may have a different policy. (§§ 1026.38(l)(5)(i)-(iv))
    6. Security Interest. Whether the credit union states that the consumer is granting a security interest in the property securing the transaction, and that the borrower may lose the property if required payments are not made or otherwise fails to satisfy the requirements of the legal obligation. Determine that the credit union has included the property address and zip code. (§ 1026.38(l)(6))
    7. Escrow Account. Under the subheading “Escrow Account,” (§ 1026.38(l)(7)) whether the credit union provides:
      1. Under the reference “For now”: A statement that an escrow account may also be called an impound or trust account, whether the credit union has established or will establish(at or before consummation) an escrow account in connection with the transaction and the following information required under §§ 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)-(B):
        1. A statement that the credit union may be liable for penalties and interest if it fails to make a payment for any cost for which the escrow account is established;
        2. A statement that the consumer would have to pay such costs directly in the absence of the escrow account and
        3. A table, entitled “Escrow,” that contains, if an escrow account is or will be established, an itemization of the following:
          1. The total amount that the consumer will be required to pay into the account over the first year after consummation, labeled “Escrowed Property Costs over Year 1,” together with a descriptive name of each charge to be paid (in whole or in part) from the escrow account, calculated as the amount disclosed under § 1026.38 (l)(7)(i)(A)(4) multiplied by the number of periodic payments scheduled to be made to the escrow account during the first year after consummation. (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(1))
          2. The estimated amount that the consumer is likely to pay during the first year after consummation, for the mortgage-related obligations described in § 1026.43(b)(8), that are known to the credit union and that will not be paid using escrow account funds, labeled “Non-Escrowed Property Costs over Year 1,” together with a descriptive name of each such charge and a statement that the consumer may have to pay other costs that are not listed. (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(2))

            NOTE: The credit union discloses this amount only if an escrow account will be established. The disclosure is based on payments during the first year after consummation. If the credit union elects to make disclosures required by § 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(1) and (4) based on amounts derived from the escrow account analysis required under Regulation X, § 1024.17, then the credit union may make the disclosures required by § 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(2) based on a 12-month period beginning with the borrower’s initial payment date (rather than beginning with consummation). (Comment 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(2)-2; Comment 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(5)-1)
          3. The total amount disclosed and a reference to the disclosure made on the Closing Disclosure under the heading “Other Costs, Initial Escrow Payment at Closing,” pursuant to § 1026.38(g)(3), and a statement that the payment is a cushion for the escrow account, labeled “Initial Escrow Payment”. (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(3))
          4. The amount the consumer will be required to pay into an escrow account with each periodic payment during the first year after consummation, labeled “Monthly Escrow Payment”. (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(A)(4))
      2. No Escrow. If an escrow account will not be established for the consumer, determine whether there is:
        1. A statement that the consumer will not have an escrow account;
        2. The reason why an escrow account will not be established;
        3. A statement that the consumer must pay all property costs, such as taxes and homeowner's insurance, directly;
        4. A statement that the consumer may contact the credit union to inquire about the availability of an escrow account; and
        5. A table, titled “No Escrow,” that itemizes:
          1. The estimated total amount the consumer will pay directly for the mortgage-related obligations described in § 1026.43(b)(8) during the first year after consummation that are known to the credit union and a statement that, without an escrow account, the consumer must pay the identified costs, possibly in one or two large payments, labeled “Property Costs over Year 1”; and
          2. The amount of any fee the credit union imposes on the consumer for not establishing an escrow account in connection with the transaction, labeled “Escrow Waiver Fee”. (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(B))

            NOTE: § 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(B)(1) requires disclosure based on payments during the first year after consummation. A credit union may comply with this requirement by basing the disclosure on a 12-month period beginning with the borrower’s initial payment date or on a 12-month period beginning with consummation. (Comment 1026.38(l)(7)(i)(B)(1)-2)
    8. Under the reference “In the future” determine whether the credit union has disclosed under the reference “In the future”: (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(ii))
      1. A statement that the consumer's property costs may change and that, as a result, the consumer's escrow payment may change; (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(ii)(A))
      2. A statement that the consumer may be able to cancel any escrow account that has been established, but that the consumer is responsible for directly paying all property costs in the absence of an escrow account; and (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(ii)(B))
      3. A description of the consequences if the consumer fails to pay property costs, including the actions that a State or local government may take if property taxes are not paid and the actions the credit union may take if the consumer does not pay some or all property costs, such as adding amounts to the loan balance, adding an escrow account to the loan, or purchasing a property insurance policy on the consumer's behalf that may be more expensive and provide fewer benefits than what the consumer could obtain directly. (§ 1026.38(l)(7)(ii)(C))
  24. Additional Information About This Loan: Adjustable Payment (AP) Table (Page 4 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union provides the AP disclosure required for the Loan Estimate under § 1026.37(i). (§ 1026.38(m)).
  25. Additional Information About This Loan: Adjustable Interest Rate (AIR) Table (Page 4 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union provides the AIR disclosures required for the Loan Estimate by § 1026.37(j). (§ 1026.38(n)).
  26. Loan Calculations (Page 5 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union provides a separate table and accurately discloses the following information: (§ 1026.38(o))
    1. Total of Payments. Expressed as a dollar amount, and a statement that the disclosure is the total the consumer will have paid after making all payments of principal, interest, mortgage insurance, and loan costs, as scheduled. The disclosed total of payments for each transaction shall be treated as accurate if the amount disclosed as the total of payments:
      1. Is understated by no more than $100, or
      2. Is greater than the amount required to be disclosed. (§ 1026.38(o)(1))

        NOTE: For transactions subject to §§ 1026.19(e) and (f), special tolerances apply to the disclosure of the total of payments for purposes of the right of rescission and foreclosure. (§§ 1026.23(g)(1)(ii), (g)(2)(ii) and (h)(2)(ii))
    2. Finance Charge. Expressed as a dollar amount, and the statement “The dollar amount the loan will cost you.” The finance charge and other disclosures affected by the disclosed finance charge (including the amount financed and the annual percentage rate) is accurately calculated if the amount disclosed as the finance charge: (§ 1026.38(o)(2))
      1. Is understated by no more than $100; or
      2. Is greater than the amount required to be disclosed.
    3. Amount Financed. Expressed as a dollar amount, and the following statement: “The loan amount available after paying your upfront finance charge”; (§ 1026.38(o)(3))
    4. Annual Percentage Rate (APR). Expressed as a percentage, with the following statement: “Your costs over the loan term expressed as a rate. This is not your interest rate”; (§ 1026.38(o)(4))
    5. Total Interest Percentage (TIP). Expressed as a percentage; with the following statement: “The total amount of interest that you will pay over the loan term as a percentage of your loan amount”. (§ 1026.38(o)(5))
  27. Other Disclosures (Page 5 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union accurately provides the following disclosures:
    1. Appraisal. For transactions subject to 15 U.S.C. 1639h or 1691(e), as implemented in this part or Regulation B, 12 CFR 1002, respectively, under the subheading “Appraisal”: (§ 1026.38(p)(1))
      1. If there was an appraisal of the property in connection with the loan, the credit union is required to provide the consumer with a copy at no additional cost to the consumer at least three days prior to consummation; and (§ 1026.38(p)(1)(i))
      2. If the consumer has not yet received a copy of the appraisal, the consumer should contact the credit union using the information disclosed in the Closing Disclosure. (§ 1026.38(p)(1)(ii))
    2. Contract Details. A statement that the consumer should refer to the appropriate loan document and security instrument for information about nonpayment, what constitutes a default under the legal obligation, circumstances under which the credit union may accelerate the maturity of the obligation, and prepayment rebates and penalties. (§ 1026.38(p)(2))
    3. Liability after Foreclosure. A brief statement of whether, and the conditions under which, the consumer may remain responsible for any deficiency after foreclosure under applicable State law, a brief statement that certain protections may be lost if the consumer refinances or incurs additional debt on the property, and a statement that the consumer should consult an attorney for additional information. (§ 1026.38(p)(3))
    4. Refinance. The statement required on the Loan Estimate by § 1026.37(m)(5) that “Refinancing this loan will depend on your future financial situation, the property value, and market conditions. You may not be able to refinance this loan.” (§ 1026.38(p)(4))
    5. Tax Deductions. A statement that, if the extension of credit exceeds the fair market value of the property, the interest on the portion of the credit extension that is greater than the fair market value of the property is not tax deductible for Federal income tax purposes and a statement that the consumer should consult a tax adviser for further information. (§ 1026.38(p)(5))
    6. Loan Acceptance. If the credit union does not provide a line for the consumer's signature, the credit union must include with the other disclosures the same statement required in the Loan Estimate (pursuant to § 1026.37(n)(2)) that “You do not have to accept this loan because you have received this form or signed a loan application.” (§ 1026.38(s)(2))
  28. Questions Notice (Page 5 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union provides a separate questions notice. The credit union must include a prominent question mark, a statement directing the consumer to use the contact information for questions, a reference to CFPB’s website for more information and to submit a complaint, and a link to www.consumerfinance.gov/mortgage-closing. (§§ 1026.38(q)(1)-(3))
  29. Contact Information (Page 5 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether the credit union provides the required contact information for each lender, mortgage broker, consumer's real estate broker, seller's real estate broker, and settlement agent participating in the transaction; the name of the person, address, NMLSR ID number, or if none, State and “License ID”; the name of the natural person who is the primary contact for the consumer at each entity, identified as “Contact”, along with that person’s Contact NMLS ID or Contact License ID, email address, and phone number. (§§ 1026.38(r)(1)-(7))
  30. Confirm Receipt (Page 5 of the Closing Disclosure). Determine whether, the credit union choses to provide a signature statement, and the credit union discloses above the signature line the statement: “By signing, you are only confirming that you have received this form. You do not have to accept this loan because you have signed or received this form.” (§ 1026.38(s)(1))

    NOTE: If the credit union does not provide a line for the consumer's signature, the credit union must include the following statement, labeled “Loan Acceptance:” “You do not have to accept this loan because you have received this form or signed a loan application.”(§ 1026.38(s)(2))
  31. Form of Disclosures. Determine whether the credit union follows the format and content of form H-25, set forth in Appendix H; (§§ 1026.38(t)(1) and (3)), changes formatting only if there is an exception, including acceptable modifications in Appendix H for transactions without a seller (§ 1026.38(t)(5)); and complies with the following rounding rules for dollar amounts and percentages:
    1. Rounding - nearest dollar. The following dollar amounts are rounded to the nearest whole dollar: (§ 1026.38(t)(4)(i))
      1. The dollar amounts for Loan Terms (required to be disclosed by § 1026.38(b) that are required to be rounded by § 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(A) when disclosed under §§ 1026.37(b)(6) and (7) (i.e., adjustments after consummation and details about prepayment penalty and balloon payments);
      2. The dollar amounts for projected payments or range of payments required by § 1026.38(c) that are required to be rounded by § 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(A) when disclosed under § 1026.37(c)(1)(iii) (i.e., minimum and maximum amounts of principal and interest for projected periodic payments or range of payments);
      3. The dollar amounts required to be disclosed by § 1026.38(e) (alternative calculating Cash to Close table for transactions without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing) and § 1026.38(i) (calculating Cash to Close table) under the subheading “Loan Estimate”;
      4. The dollar amounts required to be disclosed by § 1026.38(m) (adjustable payment table); and
      5. The dollar amounts required to be disclosed by § 1026.38(c) (projected payments) that are required to be rounded by § 1026.37(o)(4)(i)(C) when disclosed under § 1026.37(c)(2)(iv) (i.e., total monthly payment).
    2. Percentages. The percentage amounts required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.38(b), 1026.38(f)(1), 1026.38(n), and 1026.38(o)(4) and (5) shall be disclosed by rounding the exact amounts to three decimal places and then dropping any trailing zeros to the right of the decimal point. (§ 1026.38(t)(4)(ii))
    3. Loan amount. The dollar amount required to be disclosed by § 1026.38(b) as required by § 1026.37(b)(1)) is disclosed as an unrounded number, except that if the amount is a whole number then the amount disclosed is truncated at the decimal point. (§§ 1026.38(t)(4)(iii))
    4. Use of Form H-25 not required in certain circumstances. For a transaction that is not a federally related mortgage loan, the credit union is not required to use Form H-25 of Appendix H, but the disclosures must be made with headings, content, and format substantially similar to Form H-25. (§ 1026.38(t)(3)(ii))

      NOTE: For such loans, the use of Form H-25, if properly completed with accurate content, constitutes compliance with the clear and conspicuous and segregation requirement of § 1026.38(t)(1)(i). (Comment 1026.38(t)(3)-1)
    5. Exceptions. For example, modifications of Form H-25 are permitted to separate consumer and seller information, if modifications comply with the requirements of § 1026.38(t)(5)(v).

Construction or Construction-Permanent Loan Disclosures

TILA permits treating: (1) a series of advances under an agreement to extend credit up to a certain amount as one transaction, and (2) the construction and permanent phases of a multiple-advance construction loan that may be permanently financed by the same credit union as either one or more than one transaction. (§ 1026.17(c)(6); Comments 1026.17(c)(6)-1 through -5)

NOTE: A credit union has the option to use the method provided in Appendix D, to calculate the annual percentage rate and other disclosures for construction loans in disclosing construction financing. (Comment 1026.17(c)(6)-2) Further, credit unions may use methods in Appendix D to estimate and disclose the terms of multiple-advance construction loans pursuant to § 1026.37 and .38 (Comment 1026 App. D-7)

The following provisions of TILA and associated commentary apply to (1) construction-only, (2) construction-permanent combined (CP Loan-Combined), and/or (3) construction-permanent separate (CP Loan-Separate) disclosures, or some combination of these loan types, as noted. Determine:

  1. Timing of Loan Estimate. Whether the credit union has delivered or placed in the mail the Loan Estimate not later than the third business day after receiving the consumer’s application and not later than the seventh business day before consummation of the transaction. (§ 1026.19(e)(1)(iii))

    NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined, the credit union delivers or places in the mail one combined disclosure within these time frames. (Comment 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)-5)

    NOTE: For a CP Loan-Separate for which an applicant for both the construction and permanent financing has been received (either as one application or a s a separate application), the credit union delivers or places in the mail the separate Loan Estimates for each phase within these timeframes. (Comment 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)-5) If the credit union receives the application at separate times, the credit union must provide the Loan Estimate for each phase no later than the time frames applicable to the date it received the specific phase’s application (i.e., if it received the application for the permanent phase three days after the construction phase, it must deliver or place in the mail the permanent phase disclosure not later than the third day after receiving that application, not the construction phase application). (Comment 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)-5)

    NOTE: For a Construction-only transaction for which an application has been received and the credit union is separately disclosing the advances, the credit union delivers or places in the mail separate Loan Estimates for each advance no later than three business days after receiving the consumer’s application. (Comment 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)-1)
  2. Allocation of fees and charges when disclosing multiple transaction: Whether fees and charges are allocated in construction-permanent loan or multiple-advance construction-only loan disclosures for purposes of calculating disclosures. (§ 1026.17(c)(6))

    NOTE: If the credit union has charged separate amounts for finance charges and points and fees, such amounts are allocated to the phase for which they are charged. (Comment 1026.17(c)(6)-5)
    1. CP Loan-Separate. The finance charges and points and fees that would not be imposed but for the construction financing are allocated to the construction phase, and all other finance charges and points and fees are allocated to the permanent financing.
    2. CP Loan-Separate. If a credit union charges a greater origination fee for construction-permanent financing than for construction-only financing, the fee difference is allocated to the permanent phase
    3. CP Loan-Separate. Fees and charges that are not used to compute the finance charge under § 1026.4 or points and fees under § 1026.32(b)(1) may be allocated between the transactions in any manner the credit union chooses.
  3. Sale Price
    1. Loan Estimate
      1. For transactions that involve a seller, whether the contract sale price of the property is disclosed. (§ 1026.37(a)(7)(i))
      2. For transactions that do not involve a seller, whether the estimated value of the property is disclosed as “Prop. Value.” (§ 1026.37(a)(7)(ii)).

        NOTE: For transactions that do not involve a seller and transactions that involve a seller where the sale price is not yet known, the credit union discloses the estimated value of the property based on the best information reasonably available to the credit union at the time the disclosure is provided to the consumer. (Comment 1026.37(a)(7)-1, § 1026.17(c)(2)(i), Comment 1026.17(c)(2)(i)-1, and Comment 1026.19(e)A(1)(i)-1)

        NOTE: For transactions involving construction where there is no seller, the credit union has the option to include the estimated value of the improvements to be made on the property. (Comment 1026.37(a)(7)-1)
    2. Closing Disclosure
      1. If there is a seller, whether the credit union has disclosed the contract sale price of the property. (§ 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)(A))
      2. Where there is no seller, whether the credit union has disclosed the appraised value of the property used to determine approval of the credit transaction. (§ 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)(B))

        NOTE: If the credit union has not obtained an appraisal, the credit union may disclose the estimated value of the property labeled “Estimated Prop. Value.” (Comment 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)(B))

        NOTE: For transactions involving construction where there is no seller, this disclosure must be the value of the property that is used to determine the approval of the credit transaction. That disclosure includes any improvements to be made to the property if those improvements were considered when approving the loan. (Comment 1026.38(a)(3)(vii)-1)
  4. Loan Term. Whether the term to maturity of the credit transaction is disclosed. (§§ 1026.37(a)(8), 1026.38(a)(5)(i))

    NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined, the loan term is the total combined term of the construction and permanent periods. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.i.A).

    NOTE: For a CP Loan-Separate (Permanent Phase), the loan term of the permanent financing is counted from the date that interest for the permanent financing periodic payments begins to accrue, regardless of when the permanent phase is disclosed. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.i.B).
  5. Product Type. Whether the loan product description includes:
    1. “Adjustable rate,” “Step rate,” or “Fixed rate,” as applicable, and the features that may change the periodic payment (Negative amortization, Interest only, Step payment, Balloon payment, Seasonal payment) (§§ 1026.37(a)(10), 1026.38(a)(5)(iii))
    2. “Interest Only” feature is disclosed if one or more regular periodic payments may be applied only to interest accrued and not to the loan principal. (§§ 1026.37(a)(10)(ii)(B), 1026.38(a)(5)(iii))

      NOTE: If there is a final balloon payment that includes principal (typically construction-only and separate construction phase disclosures), the final balloon payment is excluded for purposes of determining the duration of the “Interest Only” payment period. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.ii.A)

      NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined, the “Interest Only” payment period is the full term of the interest-only construction phase, plus any interest-only period in the permanent phase. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.ii.B)
    3. “Adjustable Rate” product is disclosed if the interest rate may increase after consummation, but the rates that will apply or the periods for which they will apply are not known at consummation. (§ 1026.37(a)(10)(i)(A))

      NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined and CP Loan-Separate (Permanent Phase), if the interest rate for the permanent phase is not known at consummation for a construction-permanent loan using a single, combined construction-permanent disclosure or using separate disclosures for the permanent phase, the credit union shall disclose the loan product under §§ 1026.37(a)(10) and 1026.38(a)(5)(iii) as “Adjustable Rate.” (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.ii.C)

      NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined transaction, if the interest rate for the permanent phase is known at consummation but different from the construction phase interest rate, the product is disclosed as “Step Rate.” (§ 1026.37(a)(10)(i)(B); Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.ii.C)
  6. Interest Rate. Whether the interest rate that will be applicable to the transaction at consummation is disclosed; and if the interest rate at consummation is not known for an adjustable rate transaction, whether the fully-indexed rate (i.e., the interest rate calculated using the index value and margin at the time of consummation is disclosed. (§ 1026.37(b)(2))

    NOTES: CP Loan-Combined and CP Loan-Separate (Permanent Phase):

    If the permanent phase has an adjustable rate at consummation and separate disclosures are provided, the rate disclosed for the permanent financing is the fully-indexed rate pursuant to § 1026.37(b)(2) at the time of the consummation. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.iii)

    If the permanent phase has a rate that is not known at consummation, the credit union discloses the best information reasonably available at the time the disclosure is provided to the consumer. (Comment 1026.19(e)(1)(i)-1; § 1026.17(c)(2)(i); Comment 1026.17(c)(2)(i)-1)

    If the permanent phase has a fixed rate that will not be adjusted when the construction phase converts to the permanent phase, that rate is used for disclosures. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.iii)

    If the loan contract secured by a principal dwelling provides that the permanent loan interest rate may adjust at conversion, and such rate adjustment results in a corresponding payment adjustment, and if the interest rate for the permanent phase will be fixed after the conversion, the credit union provides the adjustable rate disclosures in § 1026.20(c). However, if the loan contract secured by a principal dwelling provides that the permanent loan interest rate may adjust at conversion, and such rate adjustment results in a corresponding payment adjustment, and if the interest rate for the permanent phase is adjustable, the credit union provides the adjustable rate disclosures in §§ 1026.20(c) and (d). (Comment 1026 Appendix. D-7.iii)
  7. Projected Payments. Whether a separate table itemizes each separate periodic payment (or range), together with estimated taxes, insurance and assessments, and escrow account payments. (§§ 1026.37(c), 1026.38(c))

    NOTE: For a Construction-Only and CP Loan-Separate (Construction Phase), the construction phase is disclosed according to the requirements for the Projected Payments table, including disclosure of the amounts of any interest-only payments. If the terms of the construction phase do not account for repayment of the entire principal, the credit union must disclose a balloon payment in a separate column, and balloon payment disclosures are provided. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.v.A)

    NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined, the Projected Payments table reflects the interest-only payments during the construction phase in the first column, which also reflects the amortizing payments, and mortgage insurance and escrow payments, if any, for the permanent phase if the term of the construction phase is not a full year. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.v.B)

    NOTE: For a CP Loan-Combined when only the terms of the permanent phase require mortgage insurance or escrow, the disclosure of such amounts depends on whether the first column of the table exclusively discloses the construction phase. If so, the credit union discloses “0” mortgage insurance and/or “-“ for escrow in the first column if the construction phase does not include mortgage insurance or escrow; if payments for both phases are disclosed in the first column, the amount of mortgage insurance premium or any escrow payment for the permanent phase is disclosed in the first column. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.v.C)
  8. Disclosure of Construction Costs. (Construction-only; CP-Combined; CR-Separate Construction Phase)

    NOTE: Construction costs are the costs of improvements to be made to the property that the consumer contracts for in connection with the financing transaction and that will be paid in whole or in part with loan proceeds. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.vi.A)
    1. Loan Estimate. Whether on the Loan Estimate, a credit union factors construction costs into the “funds for borrower” calculation in the Calculating Cash to Close table or the “Payoffs and Payments” calculation in the optional alternative calculating cash to close table for transactions without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing. (§ 1026.37(h); Comment Appendix D-7.vi.B)
    2. Closing Disclosure. Whether on the Closing Disclosure, a credit union includes construction costs in the “Itemization of amounts due from borrower” in the “Summary of Borrower’s Transaction” (§ 1026.38(j)(1)(v)) and factors them into the “Down payment/funds from borrower” and “Funds for borrower” calculations of the Calculating Cash to Close table or in the “Payoffs and Payments” section of the Closing Cost details in the optional alternative Calculating Cash to Close Table for transactions without a seller or for simultaneous subordinate financing. (§ 1026.38(e) as modified under § 1026.38(t)(5)(vii)(B)). (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.vi.C)

      NOTE: If a credit union places a portion of a construction loan’s proceeds in a reserve or other account at consummation, the credit union may separately disclose this from the other construction costs disclosed in the “Itemization of amounts due from borrower” in the Summaries of Transactions table under § 1026.38(j)(1)(v), if space permits. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.vi.D) The credit union may disclose the amount of such reserve or other account as a separate itemized cost, along with an itemized cost for the balance of the construction costs, under disclosure and calculation options described in Comments 1026 Appendix D-7.vi.B and C.
  9. Inspection and Handling Fees. (Construction-only; CP-Combined; CP-Separate (Construction Phase) Whether inspection and handling fees, which are Loan Costs, are included in the Loan Cost table (or an addendum) and certain disclosures, including “In 5 Years” (§ 1026.37(l)(1)) and “Total of Payments” (§ 1026.38(o)(1)). (§§ 1026.37(f), 1026.38(f))

    NOTE: Inspection and handling fees, for the staged disbursement of construction loan proceeds, including draw fees, are part of the finance charge. (Comments 1026.4(a)-1.ii.A, Appendix D-7.vii)

    NOTE: If inspection and handling fees are collected before or at consummation, the total of such fees is disclosed in the Loan Costs table. (Comments 1026.37(f)-3, Appendix. D-7.vii)

    NOTE: If inspection and handling fees will be collected after consummation, the total of such fees is disclosed in a separate addendum under the heading “Inspection and Handling Fees Collected After Closing” and the fees are not counted for purposes of the Calculating Cash to Close table. (Comments 1026.37(f)-3, 1026.37(f)(6)-3, 1026.38(f)-2, Appendix D-7.vii).

    NOTE: If inspection and handling costs are collected, such costs are included in the sum of the “In 5 Years” disclosure (Loan Estimate) and the “Total of Payments” (Closing Disclosure), even when disclosed on an addendum. (Comment 1026 Appendix D-7.vii)

Closed-End Credit Disclosure Forms – For transactions not subject to sections §§ 1026.19(e) and (f)

  1. General Disclosures. Determine that the disclosures are clear, conspicuous, and grouped together or segregated as required, in a form the consumer may keep.
    1. For loans subject to § 1026.18(s), the terms “Finance Charge” and “Annual Percentage Rate” and corresponding rates or amounts must be more conspicuous than other terms, except for the credit union’s identity. (§ 1026.17(a)(2)).
    2. For reverse mortgages subject to § 1024.33 in Regulation X, the disclosures required under § 1026.33(b).
    3. For private student loans the term “Annual Percentage Rate” and corresponding rate must be less conspicuous than the term “finance charge” and the corresponding amount, as well as less conspicuous than the interest rate, the notice of the right to cancel and credit union’s identity. (§§ 1026.17(a), 1026.47(b), and (c))
  2. Required Disclosures. Determine whether the disclosures are accurately completed and include the following disclosures, as applicable:
    1. Identity of the credit union; (§ 1026.18(a))
    2. Amount financed; (§ 1026.18(b))
    3. Itemization of amount financed; (§ 1026.18(c))
    4. Brief description of the APR; (§ 1026.18(e))
    5. Variable rate information; (§§ 1026.18(f)(1) or (2))
    6. Payment schedule; (§ 1026.18(g))
    7. Brief description of the total of payments; (§ 1026.18)(h))
    8. Demand feature; (§ 1026.18(i))
    9. Description of total sales price in a credit sale; (§ 1026.18(j))
    10. Prepayment penalties or rebates; (§ 1026.18(k))
    11. Late payment amount or percentage; (§ 1026.18(l))
    12. Description for security interest; (§ 1026.18(m))
    13. Insurance conditions for finance charge exclusions; (§§ 1026.4(d) and 1026.18(n))
    14. Statement concerning certain security interest charges; (§§ 1026.4(e) and 1026.18(o))
    15. Statement referring to the contract; (§ 1026.18(p))
    16. Statement regarding assumption of the note; (§ 1026.18(q))
    17. Statement regarding required deposits; and (§ 1026.18(r))
    18. Interest rate and payment summary for mortgage transactions. (§ 1026.18(s))
  3. Scheduled Payments Disclosure. Determine that the credit union discloses the number, amounts, and timing of payments scheduled to repay the obligation (other than for a transaction that is subject to section 1026.18(s)3. (§ 1026.18(g))
  4. Interest Rate and Payment Disclosures. Determine that the credit union discloses the following information about the interest rate and payments, as applicable. (§ 1026.18(s))
    1. Interest Rates
      1. For a fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate at consummation. (§ 1026.18(s)(2)(i)(A))
      2. For an adjustable-rate or step-rate mortgage: (§ 1026.18(s)(2)(i)(B))
        1. The interest rate at consummation and the period of time until the first interest rate adjustment may occur, labeled as the “introductory rate and monthly payment;”

          NOTE: As set forth in Official Interpretation to § 1026.18(s)-1, if periodic payments are not due monthly, the credit union must use the appropriate term, such as “quarterly” or “annually.”
        2. The maximum interest rate that may apply during the first five years after the date the first regular periodic payment will be due and the earliest date that rate may apply, labeled as “maximum during first five years”; and
        3. The maximum interest rate that may apply during the life of the loan and the earliest date that rate may apply, labeled as “maximum ever.”
      3. For a loan that provides for payment increases occurring without regard to an interest rate adjustment 4 (as described in § 1026.18(s)(3)(i)(B)), the interest rate in effect at the time the first payment increase is scheduled to occur and the date the increase will occur, labeled as “first adjustment” if the loan is an adjustable-rate mortgage or, otherwise, labeled as “first increase.” 5 (§ 1026.18(s)(2)(i)(C))
      4. For a negative amortization loan6 (§ 1026.18(s)(2)(ii)):
        1. The interest rate at consummation and, if it will adjust after consummation, the length of time until it will adjust, and the label “introductory” or “intro”;
        2. The maximum interest rate that could apply when the consumer must begin making fully amortizing payments under the terms of the legal obligation;
        3. If the minimum required payment will increase before the consumer must begin making fully amortizing payments, the maximum interest rate that could apply at the time of the first payment increase and the date the increase is scheduled to occur; and
        4. If a second increase in the minimum required payment may occur before the consumer must begin making fully amortizing payments, the maximum interest rate that could apply at the time of the second payment increase and the date the increase is scheduled to occur.
      5. Introductory rate for an amortizing adjustable-rate mortgage, if the interest rate at consummation is less than the fully indexed rate, the following (placed in a box directly beneath the table required by section 1026.18(s)(1) of the regulation, in a format substantially similar to Model Clause H–4(I) in the regulation’s Appendix H):
        1. The interest rate that applies at consummation and the period of time it applies;
        2. A statement that, even if market rates do not change, the interest rate will increase at the first adjustment and a designation of the place in sequence of the month or year, as applicable, of such rate adjustment (e.g., “in the third year”); and
        3. The fully-indexed rate.
    2. Payments for Amortizing Loans
      1. Principle and interest payments. If all periodic payments will be applied to accrued interest and principal, for each interest rate disclosed under § 1026.18(s)(2)(i): (§ 1026.18(s)(3)(i))
        1. The corresponding periodic principal and interest payment, labeled as “principal and interest”;
        2. If the periodic payment may increase without regard to an interest rate adjustment, the payment that corresponds to the first increase and the earliest date on which the increase could occur;
        3. If an escrow account is established, an estimate of the amount of taxes and insurance, including any mortgage insurance payable with each periodic payment; and
        4. The sum of the amounts disclosed under §§ 1026.18(s)(3)(i)(A) and (C) or 1026.18(s)(3)(i)(B) and (C), as applicable, labeled as “total estimated monthly payment.”
      2. Interest-only payments. If the loan is an interest-only loan, for each interest rate disclosed under § 1026.18(s)(2)(i), the corresponding periodic payment and (§ 1026.18(s)(3)(ii)):
        1. If the payment will be applied to only accrued interest, the amount applied to interest, labeled as “interest payment,” and a statement that none of the payment is being applied to principal;
        2. If the payment will be applied to accrued interest and principal, an itemization of the amount of the first such payment applied to accrued interest and to principal, labeled as “interest payment” and “principal payment,” respectively;
        3. The escrow information described in § 1026.18(s)(3)(i)(C); and
        4. The sum of all amounts required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.18(s)(3)(ii)(A) and (C) or 1026.18(s)(3)(ii)(B) and (C), as applicable, labeled as “total estimated monthly payment.”
      3. Payments for negative amortization loans. If the loan is a negative amortization loan: (§ 1026.18(s)(4))
        1. The minimum periodic payment required until the first payment increase or interest rate increase, corresponding to the interest rate disclosed under § 1026.18(s)(2)(ii)(A);
        2. The minimum periodic payment that would be due at the first payment increase and the second, if any, corresponding to the interest rates described in §§ 1026.18(s)(2)(ii)(C) and (D);
        3. A statement that the minimum payment pays only some interest, does not repay any principal, and will cause the loan amount to increase;
        4. The fully amortizing periodic payment amount at the earliest time when such a payment must be made, corresponding to the interest rate disclosed under § 1026.18 (s)(2)(ii)(B); and
        5. If applicable, in addition to the payments in §§ 1026.18(s)(4)(i) and (ii), for each interest rate disclosed under § 1026.18(s)(2)(ii), the amount of the fully amortizing periodic payment, labeled as the “full payment option,” and a statement that these payments pay all principal and all accrued interest.

          NOTE: The information in §§1026.18(s)(2)–(4) must be disclosed in the form of a table with no more than five columns, and with headings and format substantially similar to Model Clause H–4(E), H–4(F), H–4(G), or H–4(H) in Appendix H of the regulation. The table must contain only the information required in §§ 1026.18 (s)(2)–(4), be placed in a prominent location, and be in a minimum 10-point font. (§ 1026.18(s)(1))
      4. Balloon payments. For loans with balloon payments (defined as a payment that is more than two times a regular periodic payment): (§ 1026.18(s)(5))
        1. Except as provided below, the balloon payment is disclosed separately from other periodic payments disclosed in the table (i.e., is outside the table and in a manner substantially similar to Model Clause H–4(J) in Appendix H to the regulation);
        2. If the balloon payment is scheduled to occur at the same time as another payment required to be disclosed in the table, the balloon payment must be disclosed in the table.
  5. Negative Amortization. Determine that the following information is disclosed (close to the table required in § 1026.18(s)(1), with headings, content, and format similar to Model Clause H–4(G) in Appendix H to this part) for a negative amortization loan (other than a transaction secured by a consumer’s interest in a timeshare plan described in 11 U.S.C. 101(53D)): (§ 1026.18(s)(6))
    1. The maximum interest rate, the shortest period of time in which such interest rate could be reached, the amount of estimated taxes and insurance included in each payment disclosed, and a statement that the loan offers payment options, two of which are shown; and
    2. The dollar amount of the increase in the loan’s principal balance if the consumer makes only the minimum required payments for the maximum possible time and the earliest date the consumer must begin making fully amortizing payments, assuming that the maximum interest rate is reached at the earliest possible time.
  6. No Refinance Guarantee. Determine that the credit union disclosed a statement that there is no guarantee the consumer can refinance the transaction to lower the interest rate or periodic payments (other than a transaction secured by a consumer’s interest in a timeshare plan described in 11 U.S.C.101(53D)) . (§ 1026.18(t)(1))

    NOTE: The statement required by § 1026.18(t)(1) must be in a form similar to Model Clause H–4(K) in Appendix H to the regulation. (§ 1026.18(t)(2))
  7. Variable Rate Disclosures. Determine all variable rate loans with a maturity greater than one year secured by a principal dwelling are given the following disclosures at the time of application: (§ 1026.19)
    1. Consumer Handbook on Adjustable Rate Mortgages or substitute;
    2. Statement that interest rate payments and/or terms can change;
    3. The index/formula and a source of information;
    4. Explanation of the interest rate/payment determination and margin;
    5. Statement that the consumer must ask for the current interest rate and margin;
    6. Statement that the interest rate is discounted, if applicable;
    7. Frequency of interest rate and payment changes;
    8. Rules relating to all changes;
    9. Either a historical example based on 15 years, or the initial rate and payment with a statement that the periodic payment may substantially increase or decrease together with a maximum interest rate and payment;
    10. Explanation of how to compute the loan payment, giving an example;
    11. Demand feature, if applicable;
    12. Statement of content and timing of adjustment notices; and
    13. Statement that other variable rate loan program disclosures are available, if applicable.
  8. Initial Rate Adjustment Disclosures. Determine that adjustable-rate mortgages with a maturity date greater than one year, secured by a principal dwelling, the credit union, assignee, or servicer provides the following initial rate adjustment disclosures: (§ 1026.20(d)(2))
    1. The date of the disclosure;
    2. An explanation that under the terms of the consumer’s adjustable rate mortgage, the time frame that the current rate has been in effect, when the current rate is scheduled to expire, the effective date of the new rate, when additional future interest rate adjustments are scheduled to occur and any other changes to loan terms, features, and options taking effect on the same date, and how the rate change may affect the payment and other loan terms;
    3. A table explaining the current interest rate and payment, the new interest rate and payment, and the date the first new payment is due;

      NOTE: For interest-only and negative amortization adjustable-rate mortgages, the table must include how the current and new rates and payment will be allocated to interest, principal, and escrow (if applicable). See section 1026.20(d)(2)(iii)(C) for more on payment allocation disclosure requirements.
    4. An explanation of how the interest rate is determined, including the specific index or formula used and a source of information about that index or formula, and the type and amount of any adjustment, including a margin and an explanation that a margin is the addition of a certain number of percentage points to the index;
    5. Any limits on the interest rate or payment increases at each interest rate adjustment and over the life of the loan (as applicable), including the extent such limits result in the credit union, assignee, or servicer foregoing any increase in the interest rate and the earliest date that such foregone interest rate increases may apply to future interest rate adjustments, subject to those limits;
    6. An explanation of how the new payment was determined, including the index or formula used to determine the new interest rate;
    7. Any adjustments to the index or formula used to determine the new payment, such as the addition of a margin;
    8. The expected loan balance on the date of the interest rate adjustment;
    9. The remaining loan term expected on the date of the interest rate adjustment and any changes to the term that may have occurred due to the interest rate change;
    10. If the credit union, assignee, or servicer provides an estimated rate payment, a statement that it will provide another disclosure with the actual interest rate to the consumer between two and four months before the first payment at the adjusted level is due, and that the credit union is using an estimated rate;
    11. If applicable, a statement that the new payment will not be allocated to pay loan principal and will not reduce the loan balance. If the new payment will result in negative amortization, a statement that the new payment will not be allocated to pay loan principal and that only part of the interest will be paid, which will add to the loan balance. If the new payment will result in negative amortization as a result of the interest rate adjustment, the statement must state the payment required to fully amortize the remaining balance at the new interest rate over the remainder of the loan term;
    12. A statement indicating the circumstances under which the credit union, assignee, or servicer may impose any prepayment penalty, the time period during which it may impose the penalty, and a statement that the consumer may contact the servicer for additional information, including the maximum amount of the penalty that may be charged to the consumer;
    13. A telephone number of the credit union, assignee, or servicer to call if the consumer anticipates not being able to make the new payment;
    14. A statement listing alternatives that consumers may pursue if they anticipate not being able to make the new payment;
    15. A web address to access either the CFPB or the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) approved list of homeownership counselors and counseling organizations, the HUD toll-free number to access the HUD list of homeownership counselors and counseling organizations, and the CFPB’s website to access state housing finance authorities’ contact information.
  9. Rate Change with Payment Change. Determine that for any adjustable-rate mortgage with a maturity date greater than one year, secured by a principal dwelling, the credit union, assignee, or servicer provides the following rate adjustment disclosures for rate adjustments with a corresponding payment change: (§ 1026.20(c))

    NOTE: A credit union, assignee or servicer subject to the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) that has received the consumer’s notification to cease communication pursuant to FDCPA section 805(c) is exempt from this requirement.

    NOTE: Model and sample disclosures H-4(D)(1) through (4) containing all necessary information can be found in Appendix H. The disclosures required under §§ 1026.20(c) and (d) must be in the form of a table and in the same order as, and with headings and format similar to, the model disclosures. (§§ 1026.20(c)(3) and (d)(3))

    NOTE: When examining a credit union, an assignee, or a servicer that continues to own the loan, if the entity states that another entity has the obligation to provide the disclosures, examiners must determine whether the entity takes steps to ensure that the other party (the credit union, assignee, or servicer, as applicable) is complying with the obligation to provide the disclosures.

    NOTE: For interest-only and negatively amortizing payments, the table must include how the current and new rates and payment will be allocated to interest, principal, and escrow (if applicable). See § 1026.20(d)(2)(iii)(C) for more on payment allocation disclosure requirements.

     
    1. An explanation that under the terms of the consumer’s adjustable rate mortgage, the time frame that the current rate has been in effect is ending and the interest rate and payment will change, the effective date of the new rate, when additional future interest rate adjustments are scheduled to occur and any other changes to loan terms, features, and options taking effect on the same date, such as the expiration of interest-only or payment-option features; a table explaining the current interest rate and payment, the new interest rate and payment, and the date the first new payment is due;
    2. An explanation of how the interest rate is determined, including the specific index or formula used and a source of information about that index or formula, and the type and amount of any adjustment, including a margin and an explanation that a margin is the addition of a certain number of percentage points to the index, and any application of previously foregone interest rate increases from past rate adjustments;
    3. Any limits on the interest rate or payment increases at each interest rate adjustment and over the life of the loan (as applicable), including the extent to which such limits result in the credit union, assignee, or servicer foregoing any increase in the interest rate and the earliest date that such foregone interest rate increases may apply to future interest rate adjustments, subject to those limits;
    4. An explanation of how the new payment is determined, including the index or formula used to determine the new interest rate;
    5. Any adjustments to the index or formula the credit union, assignee, or servicer uses to determine the new payment, such as the addition of a margin or the application of any previously foregone interest rate increases from past interest rate adjustments;
    6. The expected loan balance on the date of the interest rate adjustment;
    7. The remaining loan term expected on the date of the interest rate adjustment and any changes to the term that may have occurred due to the interest rate change;
    8. If applicable, a statement that the new payment will not be allocated to pay loan principal and will not reduce the loan balance. If the new payment will result in negative amortization, a statement that the new payment will not be allocated to pay loan principal and that only part of the interest will be paid, which will add to the loan balance. If the new payment will result in negative amortization as a result of the interest rate adjustment, the statement must state the payment required to fully amortize the remaining balance at the new interest rate over the remainder of the loan term;
    9. A statement indicating the circumstances under which the credit union, assignee, or servicer may impose any prepayment penalty, the time period during which it may impose the penalty, and a statement that the consumer may contact the servicer for additional information, including the maximum amount of the penalty that may be charged to the consumer;
       
  10. High-Cost Mortgages. Determine that the disclosures required for high-cost mortgage transactions (§ 1026.32) clearly and conspicuously include the items below. (§ 1026.32(c), see Form H-16 in Appendix H)
    1. The required statement “you are not required to complete this agreement merely because you have received these disclosures or have signed a loan application. If you obtain this loan, the lender will have a mortgage on your home. You could lose your home, and any money you have put into it, if you do not meet your obligations under the loan.”
    2. The APR.
    3. Amount of the regular monthly (or other periodic) payment and the amount of any balloon payment. The regular payment must include amounts for voluntary items, such as credit life insurance or debt-cancellation coverage, only if the consumer has previously agreed to the amount (See the Official Interpretation to § 1026.32(c)(3)).
    4. Statement that the interest rate may increase and monthly payment may increase, and the amount of the single maximum monthly payment, based on the maximum interest rate allowed under the contract, if applicable.
    5. The amount borrowed. For a closed-end mortgage, the amount borrowed is the total amount borrowed, as reflected by the face amount of the note; and where the amount borrowed includes premiums or other charges for optional credit insurance or debt- cancellation coverage (grouped together with the amount borrowed), that fact must be stated. For an open-end credit plan, the amount borrowed is the credit limit for the plan when the account is opened.
  11. Escrow cancellation notice. For a closed-end loan secured by a first lien on real property or a dwelling (other than a reverse mortgage), where an escrow account (as defined under § 1024.17(b)) is cancelled, determine whether: (§ 1026.20(e))
    1. The credit union or servicer provided an Escrow Closing Notice with the following clearly and conspicuously disclosed: (§ 1026.20(e)(1)
      1. A statement informing the consumer of the date on which the consumer will no longer have an escrow account;
      2. A statement that an escrow account may also be called an impound or trust account;
      3. A statement of the reason why the escrow account will be closed;
      4. A statement that without an escrow account, the consumer must pay all property costs, such as taxes and homeowner's insurance, directly, possibly in one or two large payments a year;
      5. A table, titled “Cost to you,” that contains an itemization of the amount of any fee the credit union or servicer imposes on the consumer in connection with the closure of the consumer's escrow account, labeled “Escrow Closing Fee,” and a statement that the fee is for closing the escrow account; and (§ 1026.20(e)(2)(i))
      6. Information under the reference “In the future” that includes: (§ 1026.20(e)(2)(ii))
        1. A statement of the consequences if the consumer fails to pay property costs, including the actions that a State or local government may take if property taxes are not paid and the actions the credit union or servicer may take if the consumer does not pay some or all property costs, such as adding amounts to the loan balance, adding an escrow account to the loan, or purchasing a property insurance policy on the consumer's behalf that may be more expensive and provide fewer benefits than a policy that the consumer could obtain directly; (§ 1026.20(e)(2)(ii)(A))
        2. A statement with a telephone number that the consumer can use to request additional information about the cancellation of the escrow account; (§ 1026.20(e)(2)(ii)(B))
        3. A statement of whether the credit union or servicer offers the option of keeping the escrow account open and, as applicable, a telephone number the consumer can use to request that the account be kept open; and (§ 1026.20(e)(2)(ii)(C))
        4. A statement of whether there is a cut-off date by which the consumer can request that the account be kept open. (§ 1026.20(e)(2)(ii)(D))
    2. Form. The disclosure meets the formatting requirements of section 1026.20(e)(4), and is substantially similar to model form H-29 in Appendix H. (1026.20(e)(4))
    3. Timing. The credit union or servicer ensures that the consumer receives the Escrow Closing Notice in the following time periods:
      1. If the cancellation is upon the consumer’s request, no later than three business days before the closure of the consumer’s escrow account; (§ 1026.20(e)(5)(i))
      2. If cancellation is other than upon the consumer’s request, no later than 30 business days before the closure of the consumer’s escrow account. (§ 1026.20(e)(5)(ii))

        NOTE: If the disclosures are not provided in person, the consumer is considered to have received the disclosures three business days after they are delivered or placed in the mail. (§ 1026.20(e)(5)(iii))

Successors In Interest

If, upon confirmation, a servicer provided a confirmed successor in interest who is not liable on the mortgage loan obligation with an optional notice and acknowledgement form in accordance with § 1024.32(c)(1), determine whether the servicer provided a confirmed successor in interest any written disclosure required by the following (if applicable): § 1026.20(c) (rate adjustments with corresponding change in payment), § 1026.20(d) (initial rate adjustment), or § 1026.20(e) (escrow account cancellation notice), once the confirmed successor in interest either assumed the mortgage loan obligation under State law or provided the servicer an executed acknowledgement form in accordance with § 1024.32(c)(1)(iv) that the confirmed successor in interest has not revoked.

High-Cost Mortgages

Determine that the disclosures required for high-cost mortgage transactions (§ 1026.32) clearly and conspicuously include the items below. (§ 1026.32(c), Form H-16 in Appendix H)

  1. The required statement “you are not required to complete this agreement merely because you have received these disclosures or have signed a loan application. If you obtain this loan, the lender will have a mortgage on your home. You could lose your home, and any money you have put into it, if you do not meet your obligations under the loan.”
  2. The APR.
  3. Amount of the regular monthly (or other periodic) payment and the amount of any balloon payment. The regular payment should include amounts for voluntary items, such as credit life insurance or debt-cancellation coverage, only if the consumer has previously agreed to the amount (Comment 1026.32(c)(3)).
  4. Statement that the interest rate may increase and monthly payment may increase, and the amount of the single maximum monthly payment, based on the maximum interest rate allowed under the contract, if applicable. The amount borrowed. For a closed-end mortgage, the amount borrowed is the total amount borrowed, as reflected by the face amount of the note; and where the amount borrowed includes premiums or other charges for optional credit insurance or debt-cancellation coverage (grouped together with the amount borrowed), that fact shall be stated. For an open-end credit plan, the amount borrowed is the credit limit for the plan when the account is opened.

Notice of Transfer

For any open-end loan secured by a principal dwelling or for any closed-end mortgage loan secured by a dwelling or real property that was sold, assigned, or otherwise transferred to the covered person, determine that the covered person notifies the borrower clearly and conspicuously in writing, in a form that the consumer may keep of such transfer, including: (§ 1026.39)

  1. An identification of the loan that was sold, assigned, or otherwise transferred;
  2. The name, address, and telephone number of the covered person who owns the mortgage loan;
  3. The date of transfer (either the date of acquisition recognized in the books and records of the covered person or that of the transferring party) identified by the covered person;
  4. The name, address, and telephone number of an agent or party having authority, on behalf of the covered person, to receive notice of the right to rescind and resolve issues concerning the consumer’s payments on the mortgage loan;
  5. Where transfer of ownership of the debt to the covered person is or may be recorded in public records or, alternatively, that the transfer of ownership has not been recorded in public records at the time the covered person provides the disclosure; and,
  6. At the option of the covered person, any other relevant information about the transaction.
  7. If there are multiple covered persons, contact information for each of them, unless one of them has been authorized to receive the consumer’s notice of the right to rescind and resolve issues concerning the consumer’s payments on the loan.
  8. If the loan is a closed-end consumer mortgage loan secured by a dwelling or real property, other than a reverse mortgage transaction subject to § 1026.33 of this part, the following information about the covered person’s partial payment policy, under the subheading “Partial Payment”:

    NOTE: This notice of sale or transfer must be provided for any consumer credit transaction that is secured by the principal dwelling of a consumer, except as noted above. This notification is required of the covered person even if the loan servicer remains the same. In addition, if more than one consumer is liable on the obligation, the covered person may mail or deliver the disclosure notice to any consumer who is primarily liable. And, if an acquisition involves multiple covered persons who each acquire a partial interest in the loan pursuant to separate and unrelated agreements, each covered person has a duty to ensure that disclosures related to its acquisition are accurate and provided in a timely manner unless an exception in § 1026.39(c) applies. The parties may, but are not required to, provide a single notice that satisfies the timing and content requirements applicable to each covered person. (Comment 1026.39(b)(5)-2)

    NOTE: Each covered person must provide the notice of transfer or sale to confirmed successors in interest unless the exemption under § 1026.39(f) applies.
    1. If periodic payments that are less than the full amount due are accepted, a statement that the covered person, using the term “lender,” may accept partial payments and apply such payments to the consumer’s loan;
    2. If periodic payments that are less than the full amount due are accepted but not applied to a consumer’s loan until the consumer pays the remainder of the full amount due, a statement that the covered person, using the term “lender,” may hold partial payments in a separate account until the consumer pays the remainder of the payment and then apply the full periodic payment to the consumer’s loan;
    3. If periodic payments that are less than the full amount due are not accepted, a statement that the covered person, using the term “lender,” does not accept any partial payments; and
    4. A statement that, if the loan is sold, the new covered person, using the term “lender,” may have a different policy.

      NOTE: You may use the format of the partial payment disclosure illustrated by form H-25 of Appendix H. The text illustrating the disclosure in form H-25 may be modified by you to suit the format of the mortgage transfer notice. (Comment 1026.39(d)(5)-1)

Treatment of Credit Balances

If an account’s credit balance is in excess of one dollar, determine whether the credit union:

  1. Credited the amount of the credit balance to the consumer’s account;
  2. Refunded any part of the remaining credit balance, upon the written request of the consumer; and
  3. Made a good faith effort to refund to the consumer by cash, check, or money order, or credit to a deposit account of the consumer, any part of the credit balance remaining in the account for more than six months, unless the consumer’s location was not known to the credit union and could not be traced through the consumer’s last known address or telephone number. (§ 1026.21)

Private Education Loans

For private education loans subject to Subpart F, ensure that the required disclosures are accurate (§ 1026.47) and contain the following information:

  1. Application or solicitation disclosures disclose the following as required under § 1026.47(a) :
    1. Interest rate, including:
      1. Rate or range, and if the rate depends in part on a determination of the borrower’s creditworthiness or other factors, a statement to that effect;
      2. Whether rate is fixed or variable;
      3. If rate may increase after consummation, any limitations, or lack thereof, and if the limitation is imposed by law, that fact. Also, the credit union must state that the consumer’s actual rate may be higher or lower that that disclosed, if applicable; and
      4. Whether the rate will typically be higher if the loan is not co-signed or guaranteed.
    2. Fees and default or late payment costs.
    3. Repayment terms, including:
      1. Term of the loan, which is the period during which regularly scheduled payments of principal and interest will be due.
      2. Deferral options, or if consumer does not have the option to defer, that fact.
      3. For each available deferral option applicable, information about:
        1. Whether interest will accrue during deferral period; and
        2. If interest accrues, whether payment of interest may be deferred and added to the principal balance.
      4. A statement that, if the consumer files bankruptcy, the consumer may still be required to repay the loan.
    4. Cost estimates, based on an example of the total cost of the loan, calculated using:
      1. The highest interest rate and including all applicable finance charges;
      2. An amount financed of $10,000, or $5,000, if the credit union offers loans less than $10,000; and
      3. Calculated for each payment option.
    5. Eligibility (e.g., any age or school enrollment eligibility requirements).
    6. Alternatives to private education loans, including:
      1. A statement that the consumer may qualify for federal student loans;
      2. The interest rates available for each program available under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, and whether the rate is variable or fixed;
      3. A statement that the consumer may obtain additional information about student federal financial assistance from his school or U.S. Department of Education, including an appropriate website; and
      4. A statement that a covered educational institution may have school specific educational loan benefits and terms not detailed in the loan disclosure forms.
    7. A statement that if the loan is approved, that the loan will be available for 30 days and the terms will not change, except for changes to the interest rate in the case of a variable rate and other changes permitted by law.
    8. A statement that before consummation, the borrower must complete a self- certification form obtained from the student’s institution of higher education.
  2. For approval disclosures, the following information is required under § 1026.47(b):
    1. Interest rate, information, including:
      1. Interest rate applicable to the loan
      2. Whether the interest rate is variable or fixed; and
      3. If the interest rate may increase after consummation, any limitations on the rate adjustments, or lack thereof.
    2. Fees and default or late payment costs, including:
      1. An itemization of the fees or range of fees required to obtain the loan; and
      2. Any fees, changes to the interest rate, and adjustments to principal based on the consumer’s defaults or late payments.
    3. Repayment terms, including:
      1. Principal amount;
      2. Term of the loan;
      3. A description of the payment deferral option chosen by the consumer, if applicable, and any other payment deferral options that the consumer may elect at a later time;
      4. Any payments required while the student is enrolled at the educational institution, based on the deferral option the consumer chooses;
      5. Amount of any unpaid interest that will accrue while the student is enrolled in school, based upon the deferral option chosen by the consumer;
      6. A statement that if the consumer files for bankruptcy, that the consumer may still be required to pay back the loan;
      7. An estimate of the total amount of payments calculated based upon:
      8. The interest rate applicable to the loan (compliance with § 1026.18(h) constitutes compliance with this requirement);
      9. The maximum possible rate of interest for the loan, or, if a maximum rate cannot be determined, a rate of 25 percent.
      10. If a maximum rate cannot be determined, the estimate of the total amount for repayment must include a statement that there is no maximum rate and that the total amount for repayment disclosed is an estimate.
      11. The maximum monthly payment based on the maximum rate of interest for the loan, or, if a maximum rate of interest cannot be determined, a rated of 25 percent. If a maximum cannot be determined, a statement that there is no maximum rate and that the monthly payment amount disclosed is an estimate and will be higher if the applicable interest rate increases.
    4. Alternatives to private education loans, including:
      1. A statement that the consumer may qualify for federal student loans;
      2. The interest rates available for each program available under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, and whether the rate is variable or fixed; and
      3. A statement that the consumer may obtain additional information about student federal financial assistance from his school or U.S. Department of Education, including an appropriate website.
    5. A statement that the consumer may accept the terms of the loan until the acceptance period under § 1026.48(c)(1) has expired. The statement must include:
      1. The specific date the acceptance period expires, based on the date the consumer receives the disclosures required under this subsection for the loan;
      2. The method or methods by which the consumer may communicate the acceptance (written, oral, or by electronic means; and
      3. A statement that except for changes to the interest rate and other changes permitted by law, the credit union may not change the rates and the terms of the loan during the 30-day acceptance period.
  3. After the consumer has accepted the loan according to § 1026.48(c)(1), final disclosures must disclose the information required under § 1026.47(c) and the following:
    1. Interest rate, including:
      1. Interest rate applicable to the loan;
      2. Whether the interest rate is variable or fixed; and
      3. If the interest rate may increase after consummation, any limitations on the rate adjustments, or lack thereof.
    2. Fees and default or late payment costs, including:
      1. An itemization of the fees or range of fees required to obtain the loan; and
      2. Any fees, changes to the interest rate, and adjustments to principal based on the consumer’s defaults or late payments.
    3. Repayment terms, including:
      1. Principal amount;
      2. Term of the loan;
      3. A description of the payment deferral option the consumer chooses, if applicable, and any other payment deferral options that the consumer may elect at a later time;
      4. Any payments required while the student is enrolled at the educational institution, based on the deferral option the consumer chooses;
      5. Amount of any unpaid interest that will accrue while the student is enrolled in school, based upon the deferral option the consumer chooses;
      6. A statement that if the consumer files for bankruptcy, that the consumer may still be required to pay back the loan;
      7. An estimate of the total amount of payments calculated based upon:
        1. The interest rate applicable to the loan (compliance with § 1026.18(h) constitutes compliance with this requirement);
        2. The maximum possible rate of interest for the loan, or, if a maximum rate cannot be determined, a rate of 25 percent;
        3. If a maximum rate cannot be determined, the estimate of the total amount for repayment must include a statement that there is no maximum rate and that the total amount for repayment disclosed is an estimate.
      8. The maximum monthly payment based on the maximum rate of interest for the loan, or, if a maximum rate of interest cannot be determined, a rated of 25 percent. If a maximum cannot be determined, a statement that there is no maximum rate and that the monthly payment amount disclosed is an estimate and will be higher if the applicable interest rate increases.
    4. In a text more conspicuous than any other required disclosure, except for the finance charge, the interest rate, and the credit union’s identity of the following disclosures:
      1. A statement that the consumer has the right to cancel the loan, without penalty, at any time before the midnight of the third business day after the date the consumer receives the final loan disclosures. The statement must include the specific date the cancellation period expires and that the consumer may cancel by that date; (§ 1026.47(c)(4)(i))
      2. A statement that the loan proceeds will not be disbursed until the cancellation period expires; (§ 1026.47(c)(4)(ii))
      3. The method or methods the consumer may use to cancel; and (§ 1026.47(c)(4)(ii))
      4. If the credit union permits cancellation by mail, the statement specifying that the consumer’s mailed request will be deemed timely if placed in the mail no later than the cancellation date specified on the disclosures. (§ 1026.47(c)(4)(ii))

Open-End Credit Disclosure Forms

  1. Determine that the credit union made the disclosures clearly and conspicuously. (§ 1026.5(a))
  2. Determine that the credit union made the applicable disclosures in writing, in a form that the consumer may keep, except: (§ 1026.5(a)(1)(ii))
    1. The following disclosures need not be written:
      1. Charges that are imposed as part of an open-end (not home-secured) plan that are not required to be disclosed; (§ 1026.6(b)(3))
      2. Reduction of the credit limit; (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(vi))
      3. When a finance charge is imposed at the time of the transaction; (§ 1026.9(d)) and
      4. Opt-in notice for over-the-limit transactions on credit card accounts. (§ 1026.56(b)(1)(i))
    2. The following disclosures need not be in a retainable form:
      1. Disclosures that need not be written as stated above (section 2a); (§ 1026.5(a)(1)(ii)(A))
      2. Alternative summary billing-rights statement; (§ 1026.9(a)(2))
      3. Credit and charge card renewal disclosures; (§ 1026.9(e))
      4. Payment requirements, except as provided in § 1026.7(b)(13); (§ 1026.10(b))
      5. Home-equity disclosures; (§ 1026.40(d)) and
      6. Credit and charge card applications and solicitations. (§ 1026.60)
    3. The following disclosures may be provided to the consumer in electronic form, subject to compliance with the consumer consent and other applicable provisions of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) (15 U.S.C. 7001 et seq.):
      1. Credit and charge card applications and solicitations; (§ 1026.60)
      2. Requirements for home equity plans; and (§ 1026.40)
      3. Advertising. (§ 1026.16)
  3. Determine that the terminology the credit union uses in providing the disclosures required by open end credit general disclosure requirements (§ 1026.5) is consistent. (§ 1026.5(a)(2)(i))
  4. Determine that, for home-equity plans, the terms finance charge and annual percentage rate (APR), when required to be disclosed with a corresponding amount or percentage rate, are more conspicuous than any other required disclosure. The terms need not be more conspicuous when used for periodic statement disclosures and for advertisements. (§ 1026.5(a)(2)(ii))
  5. Determine that, if disclosures must be presented in a tabular format under § 1026.5(a)(3), that the term penalty APR must be used, as applicable. (§ 1026.5(a)(2)(iii))

    NOTE: The term penalty APR need not be used in reference to the annual percentage rate that applies with the loss of a promotional rate, assuming the annual percentage rate that applies is no greater than the annual percentage rate that would have applied at the end of the promotional period; or if the annual percentage rate that applies with the loss of a promotional rate is a variable rate, the annual percentage rate is calculated using the same index and margin as would have been used to calculate the annual percentage rate that would have applied at the end of the promotional period. If credit insurance or debt cancellation or debt suspension coverage is required as part of the plan, the term required must be used and the program must be identified by its name. If an annual percentage rate must be presented in a tabular format, the term fixed, or a similar term, may not be used to describe such rate unless the credit union also specifies a time period that the rate will be fixed and the rate will not increase during that period, or if the credit union does not provide a time period, the rate will not increase while the plan is open.

Credit and Charge Card Application and Solicitation Disclosures

  1. Determine that the credit card solicitation or application disclosures were made clearly and conspicuously on or with a solicitation or an application. (§ 1026.60)
  2. For the disclosures in §§ 1026.60(b)(1)-(5) (except for §§ 1026.60(b)(1)(iv)(B)) and 1026.60(b)(7)-(15), determine that the credit union made the disclosures required for §§ 1026.60(c), 1026.60(d)(2), 1026.60 (e)(1) and 1026.60 (f) in the form of a table with headings, content, and format similar to the applicable tables found in G-10 in Appendix G. (§ 1026.60(a)(2)(i))
  3. Determine that the table required by § 1026.60(a)(2)(i) contains only the information required or permitted by that section. If the credit union provides other information, determine that the information appears outside the table. (§ 1026.60(a)(2)(ii))
  4. Determine that the disclosures required by §§ 1026.60(b)(1)(iv)(B)-(C), and 1026.60(b)(6) are placed directly beneath the table required by § 1026.60(a)(2)(i). (§ 1026.60(a)(2)(iii))
  5. When a tabular format is required, determine that the following disclosures are disclosed in bold text: (§ 1026.60(a)(2)(iv))
    1. Annual percentage rate required to be disclosed under § 1026.60(b)(1);
    2. Introductory rate required to be disclosed under § 1026.60(b)(1)(ii);
    3. Rate that will apply after a premium initial rate expires required to be disclosed under § 1026.60(b)(1)(iii); and
    4. Fee or percentage amounts or maximum limits on fee amounts required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.60(b)(2), 1026.60(b)(4), 1026.60(b)(8)-(13).

      NOTE: Bold text must not be used for the amount of any periodic fee disclosed under § 1026.60(b)(2) that is not an annualized amount, and other APRs or fee amounts disclosed in the table. (§ 1026.60(a)(2)(iv))
  6. Determine that the card issuer discloses, on or with an solicitation or application: (§ 1026.60(b))
    1. Annual percentage rate. Each periodic rate that may be used to compute the finance charge on an outstanding balance for purchases, a cash advance, or a balance transfer, expressed as an annual percentage rate. When more than one rate applies for a category of transactions, determine that the credit union also discloses the range of balances to which each rate is applicable. (§ 1026.60(b)(1))

      NOTE: The APR for purchases disclosed under § 1026.60(b)(1) must be in at least 16-point type, except for the following: Oral disclosures of the annual percentage rate for purchases; or a penalty rate that may apply upon the occurrence of one or more specific events.
      1. Variable rate information. If a rate is a variable rate, determine that the card issuer discloses the fact that the rate may vary and how the rate is determined. Determine that the card issuer identifies the type of index or formula that it uses in setting the rate. Determine that the value of the index and the amount of the margin that the issuer uses to calculate the variable rate are not disclosed in the table. Determine further that any applicable limitations on rate increases are not included in the table. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(i))
      2. Discounted initial rate. If the initial rate is an introductory rate, determine that the card issuer discloses in the table the introductory rate, the time period during which the introductory rate will remain in effect, and the term “introductory” or “intro” in immediate proximity to the introductory rate. Determine further that the card issuer discloses either the variable or fixed rate that would otherwise apply to the account. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(ii))
      3. Premium initial rate. If the initial rate is temporary and is higher than the rate that will apply after the temporary rate expires, determine that the card issuer discloses the premium initial rate and the time period when the premium initial rate will remain in effect. Determine that the premium initial rate for purchases is in at least 16-point type. Determine that the issuer discloses in the table the rate that will apply after the premium initial rate expires, in at least 16-point type. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(iii))
      4. Penalty rates. Except as for provided introductory rate or employee preferential rate requirements (discussed below), if a rate may increase as a penalty for one or more events specified in the account agreement, such as a late payment or an extension of credit that exceeds the credit limit, determine that the card issuer discloses the increased rate that may apply, a brief description of the event or events that may result in the increased rate, and a brief description of how long the increased rate will remain in effect. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(iv)(A))
      5. Introductory rate. If the issuer discloses an introductory rate in the table or in any written or electronic promotional materials accompanying applications or solicitations (and subject to paragraph (c) or (e) of section 1026.60), determine that the issuer briefly discloses, directly beneath the table, the circumstances, if any, under which the introductory rate may be revoked, and the type of rate that will apply after the introductory rate is revoked. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(iv)(B))
      6. Employee preferential rates. If the issuer discloses in the table a preferential APR for which only employees of the card issuer, employees of a third party, or other individuals with similar affiliations with the card issuer or third party are eligible, determine that the issuer briefly discloses directly beneath the table the circumstances under which such preferential rate may be revoked and the rate that will apply after the preferential rate is revoked. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(iv)(C))
      7. Rates that depend on consumer’s creditworthiness. If a rate cannot be determined at the time disclosures are given because the rate depends, at least in part, on a later determination of the consumer’s creditworthiness, determine that the card issuer discloses the specific rates or the range of rates that could apply and a statement that the rate for which the consumer may qualify at account opening will depend on the consumer’s creditworthiness, and other factors if applicable. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(v))

        NOTE: If the rate that depends, at least in part, on a later determination of the consumer’s creditworthiness is a penalty rate, as described in § 1026.60(b)(1)(iv), the card issuer at its option may disclose the highest rate that could apply, instead of disclosing the specific rates or the range of rates that could apply. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(v))
      8. APRs that vary by state. Determine that the card issuer does not list annual percentage rates for multiple states in the table. Note, however, that issuers imposing annual percentage rates that vary by state may, at the issuer’s option, disclose in the table: the specific annual percentage rate applicable to the consumer’s account; or the range of the annual percentage rates, if the disclosure includes a statement that the annual percentage rate varies by state and refers the consumer to a disclosure provided with the table where the annual percentage rate applicable to the consumer’s account is disclosed. (§ 1026.60(b)(1)(vi))
    2. Fees for issuance or availability. Determine that the card issuer discloses any annual or other periodic fee, expressed as an annualized amount, or any other fee that may be imposed for the issuance or availability of a credit or charge card, including any fee based on account activity or inactivity. (§ 1026.60(b)(2))
    3. Fixed finance charge; minimum interest charge. Determine that the credit union discloses any fixed finance charge that it could impose during a billing cycle, as well as a brief description of that charge. Determine that the credit union discloses any minimum interest charge if it exceeds $1.00 that it could impose during a billing cycle, and a brief description of the charge. (§ 1026.60(b)(3))
    4. Transaction charge. Determine that the credit union discloses any transaction charge imposed for the use of the card for purchases. (§ 1026.60(b)(4))
    5. Grace period. Determine that the issuer discloses the date by which or the period within which any credit extended for purchases may be repaid without incurring a finance charge due to a periodic interest rate and any conditions on the availability of the grace period. If there is no grace period, determine that this fact is disclosed. In disclosing in the tabular format a grace period that applies to all types of purchases, determine that the issuer uses the phrase “How to Avoid Paying Interest on Purchases” as the heading for the row describing the grace period. If a grace period is not offered on all types of purchases, in disclosing this fact in the tabular format, determine that the issuer uses the phrase “Paying Interest” as the heading for the row describing this fact.

      NOTE: If the length of the grace period varies, the card issuer may disclose the range of days, the minimum number of days, or the average number of days in the grace period, if the disclosure is identified as a range, minimum, or average. (§ 1026.60(b)(5))
    6. Balance computation method. Determine that the credit union disclosed the name of the balance computation method that it uses to determine the balance on which the finance charge is computed, or an explanation of the method used if it is not listed. In determining which balance computation method to disclose, the credit union must have assumed that the credit extended will not be repaid within any grace period. (§ 1026.60(b)(6))

      NOTE: Disclosures required by § 1026.60(b)(6) must be placed directly beneath the table.
    7. Statement on charge card payments. Determine that the credit union discloses a statement that charges the consumer incurs by using the charge card are due when then consumer receives the periodic statement. (§ 1026.60(b)(7))
    8. Cash advance fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for an extension of credit in the form of cash or its equivalent. (§ 1026.60(b)(8))
    9. Late payment fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for a late payment. (§ 1026.60(b)(9))
    10. Over-the-limit fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for exceeding the credit limit. (§ 1026.60(b)(10))
    11. Balance transfer fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed to transfer a balance. (§ 1026.60(b)(11))
    12. Returned payment fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for a returned payment. (§ 1026.60(b)(12))
    13. Required insurance, debt cancellation, or debt suspension coverage. Determine that the fee imposed for required insurance, debt cancellation or suspension coverage is disclosed if the insurance, debt cancellation or coverage is required as part of the plan. (§ 1026.60(b)(13))
    14. Available credit. Determine whether total of required fees for the issuance or availability of credit and/or security deposit debited to the account at account opening equal or exceed 15 percent of minimum credit limit for the account. If so, determine that the credit union disclosed, as applicable, the available credit remaining after the fees and/or security deposit are debited to the account. (§ 1026.60(b)(14))
    15. Website reference. For issuers of credit cards that are not charge cards, determine that the credit union disclosed a reference to the website established by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) and a statement that the consumers may obtain on the website information about shopping for and using credit cards. (§ 1026.60(b)(15))

Requirements for Home Equity Plans

  1. Determine that the following home equity disclosures were made clearly and conspicuously, at the time of application. (§ 1026.40)
    1. Home equity brochure
    2. Statement that the consumer must retain a copy of the disclosure
    3. Statement of the time the specific terms are available
    4. Statement that terms are subject to change before the plan opens
    5. Statement that the consumer may receive a full refund of all fees
    6. Statement that the consumer’s dwelling secures the credit
    7. Statement that the consumer could lose the dwelling
    8. Credit union’s right to change, freeze, or terminate the account
    9. Statement that information about conditions for adverse action are available upon request
    10. Payment terms including the length of the draw and repayment periods, how the minimum payment is determined, the timing of payments, and an example based on $10,000 and a recent APR
    11. A recent APR imposed under the plan and a statement that the rate does not include costs other than interest (fixed rate plans only)
    12. Itemization of all fees paid to the credit union
    13. Estimate of any fees payable to third parties to open the account and a statement that the consumer may receive a good faith itemization of third-party fees
    14. Statement regarding negative amortization, as applicable
    15. Transaction requirements
    16. Statement that the consumer must consult a tax advisor regarding the deductibility of interest and charges under the plan
    17. For variable rate home equity plans, disclose the following:
      1. That the APR, payment, or term may change;
      2. The APR excludes costs other than interest;
      3. Identify the index and its source;
      4. How the APR will be determined;
      5. Statement that the consumer must request information on the current index value, margin, discount, premium, or APR;
      6. Statement that the initial rate is discounted and the duration of the discount, if applicable;
      7. Frequency of APR changes;
      8. Rules relating to changes in the index, APR, and payment amount;
      9. Lifetime rate cap and any annual caps, or a statement that there is no annual limitation;
      10. The minimum payment requirement, using the maximum APR, and when the credit union may impose the maximum APR;
      11. A historical example, based on a $10,000 balance, reflecting all significant plan terms
      12. Statement that the credit union will provide rate information on or with each periodic statement.
  2. For home-equity plans subject to § 1026.40, determine that the terms finance charge and annual percentage rate, when required to be disclosed with a corresponding amount or percentage rate, are more conspicuous than any other required disclosure.

    NOTE: The terms need not be more conspicuous when used for periodic statement disclosures under § 1026.7(a)(4) and for advertisements under § 1026.16. (§ 1026.5(a)(2)(ii))

Account Opening Initial Disclosures

  1. The following requirements apply only to home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40. Determine that the credit union discloses, as applicable (§ 1026.6(a)):
    1. Finance charge. The circumstances under which the credit union will impose a finance charge and an explanation of how it will be determined, including: a statement of when finance charges begin to accrue, and an explanation of whether or not any time period exists within which any credit extended may be repaid without incurring a finance charge; a disclosure of each periodic rate that the credit union may use to compute the finance charge, the range of balances to which it is applicable, and the corresponding annual percentage rate; an explanation of the method the credit union may use to determine the balance on which the finance charge may be computed; and, an explanation of how the credit union will determine the amount of any finance charge, including a description of how the credit union will determine any finance charge other than the periodic rate. (§ 1026.6(a)(1))

      If a credit union offers a variable-rate plan, determine that the credit union discloses: the circumstances under which the rate(s) may increase; any limitations on the increase; and the effect(s) of an increase. When different periodic rates apply to different types of transactions, determine that the types of transactions to which the periodic rates must apply must also be disclosed. (§ 1026.6(a)(1))
    2. Other charges. The amount of any charge other than a finance charge that the credit union may impose as part of the plan, or an explanation of how the charge will be determined. (§ 1026.6(a)(2))
    3. Home-equity plan information. The following disclosures, as applicable (§ 1026.6(a)(3)):
      1. A statement of the conditions under which the credit union may take certain action, as described in § 1026.40(d)(4)(i), such as terminating the plan or changing the terms;
      2. The payment information described in §§ 1026.40(d)(5)(i) and (ii) for both the draw period and any repayment period;
      3. A statement that negative amortization may occur as described in § 1026.40(d)(9);
      4. A statement of any transaction requirements as described in § 1026.40(d)(10);
      5. A statement regarding the tax implications as described in § 1026.40(d)(11);
      6. A statement that the annual percentage rate imposed under the plan does not include costs other than interest as described in §§ 1026.40(d)(6) and 1026.40(d)(12)(ii); and
      7. The variable-rate disclosures described in §§ 1026.40(d)(12)(viii), 1026.40(d)(12)(x), 1026.40(d)(12)(xi), and 1026.40(d)(12)(xii), as well as the disclosure described in § 1026.40(d)(5)(iii), unless the disclosures the credit union provided with the application were in a form the consumer could keep and included a representative payment example for the category of payment option chosen by the consumer.
    4. Security interests. The fact that the credit union has or will acquire a security interest in the property purchased under the plan, or in other property identified by item or type. (§ 1026.6(a)(4))
    5. Statement of billing rights. A statement that outlines the consumer’s rights and the credit union’s responsibilities under §§ 1026.12(c) and 1026.13 and that is similar to the statement found in Model Form G–3 or, at the credit union’s option, G–3(A), in Appendix G to this part. (§ 1026.6(a)(5))
  2. For open-end (not home-secured) plans determine that the credit union provided the account- opening disclosures specified in §§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)-(v) (except for § 1026.6 (b)(2)(i)(D)(2)) and §§ 1026.6 (b)(2)(vii)-(xiv) in the form of a table with the headings, content, and format substantially similar to any of the applicable tables in G–17 in Appendix G. (§ 1026.6(b)(1))
  3. For open-end (not home-secured) plans, determine that the credit union discloses the following disclosures in bold text (§ 1026.6(b)(1)(i)):
    1. Any APR required to be disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(2)(i);
    2. Any introductory rate permitted to be disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(B) or required to be disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(F);
    3. Any rate that will apply after a premium initial rate expires permitted to be disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(C) or required to be disclosed pursuant to § 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(F); and
    4. Any fee or percentage amounts or maximum limits on fee amounts disclosed under §§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ii), 1026.6(b)(2)(iv), 1026.6(b)(2)(vii)-(xii).
  4. Determine that bold text is not used for: The amount of any periodic fee disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(2) that is not an annualized amount; and other annual percentage rates or fee amounts disclosed in the table. (§ 1026.6(b)(1)(i))
  5. Determine that only the information required or permitted by §§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)-(v) (except for § 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(D)(2)) and 1026.6(b)(2)(vii)-(xiv) are provided in the table. Disclosures required by §§ 1026.6 (b)(2)(i)(D)(2), 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(D)(3), 1026.6(b)(2)(vi) and 1026.6(b)(2)(xv) must be placed directly below the table required by § 1026.6(b)(1).1026.6(b)(1)(ii))

    NOTE: Disclosures required by §§ 1026.6(b)(3)-(5) that are not otherwise required to be in the table and other information may be presented with the account agreement or account-opening disclosure statement, if such information appears outside the required table.
  6. For credit unions that impose fees referred to in § 1026.6(b)(2)(vii)-(xi) that vary by state and that provide the disclosures required by § 1026.6(b) in person at the time the open-end (not home-secured) plan is established for financing the purchase of goods or services determine that the credit union discloses in the account-opening table either:
    1. The specific fee applicable to the consumer’s account, or
    2. The range of fees, a statement that the amount of the fee varies by state, and a reference to the account agreement or other disclosure provided with the account- opening table where the amount of the fee applicable to the consumer’s account is disclosed. (§ 1026.6(b)(1)(iii))

      NOTE: A credit union is not permitted to list fees for multiple states in the account- opening summary table (§ 1026.6(b)(1)(iii)).
    3. If the amount of any fee required to be disclosed under this section is determined on the basis of a percentage of another amount, the percentage used and the identification of the amount against which the percentage is applied may be disclosed instead of the amount of the fee. (§ 1026.6(b)(1)(iv))
  7. The following requirements apply to open-end (not home-secured). Determine that the credit union discloses in the appropriate format, as applicable:
    1. Annual percentage rate. Each periodic rate that the credit union may use to compute the finance charge on an outstanding balance for purchases, a cash advance, or a balance transfer, expressed as an APR. When more than one rate applies for a category of transactions, determine that the credit union discloses the range of balances to which each rate is applicable. Ensure that the APR for purchases disclosed under this paragraph is in at least 16-point type, except for a penalty rate that may apply upon the occurrence of one or more specific events. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i))
    2. Variable rate information. If the rate is a variable rate, determine that the credit union also disclosed the fact that the rate may vary and how the rate is determined (i.e., identify the type of index or formula used in setting the rate). (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(A))
    3. Discounted initial rate. If the initial rate is an introductory rate, determine that the credit union disclosed that the rate would otherwise apply to the account. Where the rate is not tied to an index or formula, determine that the credit union disclosed the rate that will apply after the introductory rate expires. For a variable rate account, determine that the credit union disclosed a rate based on the applicable index or formula in accordance with the accuracy requirements. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(B))
    4. Premium initial rate. If the initial rate is temporary and is higher than the rate that will apply after the temporary rate expires, determine that the credit union disclosed the premium initial rate. Determine that the premium rate for purchases is in at least 16- point type. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(C))
    5. Penalty rates. Except for introductory rates and employee preferential rates (discussed below), if the rate is a penalty rate, determine that the credit union disclosed as part of the APR disclosure the increased rate that may apply, a brief description of the event or events that may result in the increased rate, and a brief description of how long the increased rate will remain in effect. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(D)(1))
    6. Introductory rates. If the credit union discloses in the table an introductory rate, as that term is defined in § 1026.16(g)(2)(ii), determine that the credit union briefly disclosed directly beneath the table the circumstances under which the introductory rate may be revoked, and the rate that will apply after the introductory rate is revoked. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(D)(2))
    7. Employee preferential rates. If the credit union discloses in the table a preferential APR for which only employees of the credit union, employees of a third party, or other individuals with similar affiliations with the credit union or third party are eligible, determine that the credit union briefly disclosed directly beneath the table the circumstances under which the preferential rate may be revoked, and the rate that will apply after the preferential rate is revoked. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(D)(3))
    8. Point of sale where APRs vary by state or based on creditworthiness. If the credit union imposes an APR that varies by state or based on the consumer’s creditworthiness and provides required disclosures in person at the time the open-end (not home-secured) plan is established for financing the purchase of goods or services, determine that the credit union discloses either: (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(E))
      1. The specific APR applicable to the consumer’s account, or
      2. The range of the APRs, if the disclosure includes a statement that the APR varies by state or will be determined based on the consumer’s creditworthiness and refers the consumer to the account agreement or other disclosure the credit union provided with the account-opening table where the credit union disclosures the AP applicable to the consumer’s account. Determine that the credit union does not list APRs for multiple states in the account opening table.
    9. Credit card accounts under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan. Determine that the issuer discloses in the table: (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(i)(F))
      1. Any introductory rate, and
      2. Any rate that would apply upon expiration of a premium initial rate.
    10. Fees for issuance or availability. Determine that the credit union disclosed any annual or periodic fee that it may impose for the issuance or availability of an open-end plan (including any fee based on account activity or inactivity); how frequently it will impose the fee; and the annualized amount of the fee. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ii))
    11. Fixed finance charge and minimum interest charge. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fixed finance charge and any minimum interest charge if it exceeds $1.00 that the credit union can impose during a billing cycle, and a brief description of the charge. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(iii))
    12. Non-periodic Fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any non-periodic fee that relates to opening the plan. A credit union must disclose that the fee is a one-time fee. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ii)(B))
    13. Transaction charges. Determine that the credit union discloses any transaction charge the credit union imposes for use of the open-end plan for purchases. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(iv))
    14. Grace period. The date by which or the period within which any credit extended may be repaid without incurring a finance charge due to a periodic interest rate and any conditions on the availability of the grace period. If the credit union does not provide a grace period, the credit union must disclose that fact. If the length of the grace period varies, the credit union may disclose the range of days, the minimum number of days, or the average number of the days in the grace period, if the disclosure is identified as a range, minimum, or average. In disclosing in the tabular format a grace period that applies to all features on the account, the credit union must use the phrase “How to Avoid Paying Interest” as the heading for the row describing the grace period. If a grace period is not offered on all features of the account, in disclosing this fact in the tabular format, the credit union must use the phrase “Paying Interest” as the heading for the row describing this fact. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(v))
    15. Balance computation method. Determine that the credit union disclosed in the account opening disclosures the name of the balance computation method that is used to determine the balance on which the finance charge is computed for each feature, or an explanation of the method it used if it is not listed, along with a statement that an explanation of the methods required by section 1026.6(b)(4)(i)(D). In determining which balance computation method to disclose, the credit union must have assumed that the credit extended will not be repaid within any grace period. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(vi))
    16. Cash advance fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for an extension of credit in the form of cash or its equivalent. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(vii))
    17. Late payment fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for a late payment. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(viii))
    18. Over-the-limit fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for exceeding the credit limit. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ix))
    19. Balance transfer fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed to transfer a balance. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(x))
    20. Returned payment fee. Determine that the credit union disclosed any fee it imposed for a returned payment. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(xi))
    21. Required insurance, debt cancellation, or debt suspension coverage. Determine that the fee the credit union imposed for required insurance, debt cancellation or suspension coverage is disclosed if the insurance, debt cancellation or coverage is required as part of the plan. Credit unions must also cross reference additional information about the insurance or coverage as applicable. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(xii))
    22. Available credit. Determine whether total of required fees for the issuance or availability of credit and/or security deposit debited to the account at account opening equal or exceed 15 percent of the credit limit for the account. If so, determine that the credit union disclosed the available credit remaining after the fees and/or security deposit are debited to the account. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(xiii))
    23. Website reference. For issuers of credit cards that are not charge cards, determine that the credit union disclosed a reference to the website established by the CFPB and a statement that the consumers may obtain information about shopping for and using credit cards on the website. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(xiv))
    24. Billing error rights reference. Determine that the credit disclosed a statement that information about consumers’ right to dispute transactions is included in the account- opening disclosures. (§ 1026.6(b)(2)(xv))
    25. Charges and finance charges. For charges the credit union imposes as part of open-end (not home- secured) plan, the circumstances under which the credit union may impose the charge, including the amount of the charge or explanation of how the credit union determines the charge. For finance charges, a statement of when finance charges begin to accrue, including an explanation of whether or not any time period exists within which any credit extended may be repaid without incurring a finance charge. If the credit union provides such a time period, a credit union may, at its option and without disclosure, impose no finance charge when it receives payment after the time period’s expiration. (§ 1026.6(b)(3)(i))
    26. Rates for open-end (not home-secured) plans. Determine that the credit union disclosed, as applicable, for each periodic rate that may be used to calculate interest: (§ 1026.6(b)(4)(i))
      1. The rate (expressed as a periodic rate and a corresponding APR),
      2. The range of balances to which the rate is applicable,
      3. The type of transaction to which the periodic rate applies, and
      4. An explanation of the method the credit union used to determine the balance to which the rate is applied.
    27. Variable-rate Accounts. For interest rate changes that are tied to increases in an index or formula (variable-rate accounts) determine that the following are specifically set forth in the account agreement: (§ 1026.6(b)(4)(ii))
      1. The fact that the annual percentage rate may increase;
      2. How the rate is determined, including the margin;
      3. The circumstances under which the rate may increase;
      4. The frequency with which the rate may increase;
      5. Any limitation on the amount the rate may change;
      6. The effect(s) of an increase; and
      7. Except as specified in § 1026.6(b)(4)(ii)(H), a rate is accurate if it is a rate as of a specified date and this rate was in effect within the last 30 days before the credit union provides the disclosures.
    28. Rate changes not due to index or formula. For interest rate changes that are specifically set forth in the account agreement and not tied to increases in an index or formula, determine that the credit union discloses: (§ 1026.6(b)(4)(iii))
      1. The initial rate (expressed as a periodic rate and a corresponding APR);
      2. How long the initial rate will remain in effect and the specific events that cause the initial rate to change;
      3. The rate (expressed as a periodic rate and a corresponding APR) that will apply when the initial rate is no longer in effect and any limitation on the time period the new rate will remain in effect;
      4. The balances to which the new rate will apply; and
      5. The balances to which the current rate at the time of the change will apply.
    29. Voluntary credit insurance, debt cancellation, or debt suspension. Determine that the credit union disclosed the applicable disclosures if the credit union offers optional credit insurance, or debt cancellation or debt suspension coverage. (§ 1026.6(b)(5)(i))
    30. Security interests. Determine that the credit union disclosed the fact that the credit union has or will acquire a security interest in the property purchased under the plan, or in other property identified by item or type. (§ 1026.6(b)(5)(ii))
    31. Statement of billing rights. Determine that the credit union disclosed a statement that outlines the consumer’s rights and the credit union’s responsibilities. (§ 1026.6(b)(5)(iii))

Periodic Statement Disclosures

  1. Rules affecting home-equity plans. For home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40, determine that the credit union disclosed on the periodic statement all items below. (§ 1026.7(a))

    NOTE: The requirements of § 1026.7(a) apply only to home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40. Alternatively, a credit union subject to the rules affecting home-equity plans may, at its option, comply with any of the requirements of § 1026.7(b); however, any credit union that chooses not to provide a disclosure under § 1026.7(a)(7) must comply with § 1026.7(b)(6).
    1. Previous balance. The account balance outstanding at the beginning of the billing cycle. (§ 1026.7(a)(1))
    2. Identification of transactions. An identification of each credit transaction in accordance with § 1026.8.1026.7(a)(2))
    3. Credits. Any credit to the account during the billing cycle, including the amount and the date of crediting. The date need not be provided if a delay in accounting does not result in any finance or other charge. (§ 1026.7(a)(3))
    4. Periodic rates. Each periodic rate that the credit union may use to compute the finance charge, the range of balances to which it is applicable, and the corresponding annual percentage rate. If different periodic rates apply to different types of transactions, the credit union must also disclose the types of transactions to which the periodic rates apply. For variable-rate plans, the fact that the periodic rate(s) may vary. (§ 1026.7(a)(4))

      NOTE: If the credit union does not impose a finance charge when the outstanding balance is less than a certain amount, the credit union is not required to disclose that fact, or the balance below which it will not impose a finance charge.

      NOTE: Further, an annual percentage rate that differs from the rate that would otherwise apply and is offered only for a promotional period need not be disclosed except in periods in which the offered rate is actually applied.
    5. Balance on which finance charge computed. The amount of the balance to which a periodic rate was applied and an explanation of how that balance was determined. When a balance is determined without first deducting all credits and payments made during the billing cycle, the credit union must disclose the fact and the amount of the credits and payments must be disclosed. (§ 1026.7(a)(5))
    6. Amount of finance charge and other charges. (§ 1026.7(a)(6))
      1. Finance charges. The amount of any finance charge debited or added to the account during the billing cycle, using the term finance charge. Determine that the components of the finance charge are individually itemized and identified to show the amount(s) due to the application of any periodic rates and the amounts(s) of any other type of finance charge.

        NOTE: If there is more than one periodic rate, the amount of the finance charge attributable to each rate need not be separately itemized and identified. (§ 1026.7(a)(6)(i))
      2. Other charges. The amounts, itemized and identified by type, of any charges other than finance charges debited to the account during the billing cycle. (§ 1026.7(a)(6)(ii))

        NOTE: Credit unions may comply with § 1026.7(a)(6), or with § 1026.7(b)(6), at their option.
    7. Annual percentage rate. At a credit union’s option, when a finance charge is imposed during the billing cycle, the annual percentage rate(s) determined under § 1026.14(c) using the term annual percentage rate. (§ 1026.7(a)(7))
    8. Grace period. The date by which or the time period within which the new balance or any portion of the new balance must be paid to avoid additional finance charges. (§ 1026.7(a)(8))
    9. Address for notice of billing errors. The address to be used for notice of billing errors. Alternatively, the address may be provided on the billing rights statement permitted by § 1026.9(a)(2). (§ 1026.7(a)(9))
    10. Closing date of billing cycle; new balance. The closing date of the billing cycle and the account balance outstanding on that date. (§ 1026.7(a)(10))
  2. Rules affecting open-end (not home-secured) plans. The requirements of § 1026.7(b) apply only to plans other than home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40. For applicable plans, determine that the credit union discloses on the periodic statement: (§ 1026.7(b))
    1. Previous balance. The account balance outstanding at the beginning of the billing cycle. (§ 1026.7(b)(1))
    2. Identification of transactions. An identification of each credit transaction in accordance with § 1026.8.1026.7(b)(2))
    3. Credits. Any credit to the account during the billing cycle, including the amount and the date of crediting. The date need not be provided if a delay in crediting does not result in any finance or other charge. (§ 1026.7(b)(3))
    4. Periodic rates. Each periodic rate that may be used to compute the interest charge expressed as an annual percentage rate and using the term Annual Percentage Rate, along with the range of balances to which it is applicable. (§ 1026.7(b)(4))

      NOTE: If no interest charge is imposed when the outstanding balance is less than a certain amount, the credit union is not required to disclose that fact, or the balance below which no interest charge will be imposed. The types of transactions to which the periodic rates apply must also be disclosed. For variable-rate plans, the fact that the APR may vary; and a promotional rate, as that term is defined in §1026.16(g)(2)(i), is required to be disclosed only in periods in which the offered rate is actually applied.
    5. Balance on which finance charge computed. The amount of the balance to which a periodic rate was applied and an explanation of how that balance was determined, using the term Balance Subject to Interest Rate. (§ 1026.7(b)(5))
    6. Charges imposed. The amounts of any charges imposed as part of a plan as stated in § 1026.6(b)(3), grouped together, in proximity to transactions identified under paragraph (b)(2) of this section, substantially similar to Sample G–18(A) in Appendix G. (§ 1026.7(b)(6))
      1. Interest. Finance charges attributable to periodic interest rates, using the term Interest Charge, must be grouped together under the heading Interest Charged, itemized and totaled by type of transaction, and a total of finance charges attributable to periodic interest rates, using the term Total Interest, must be disclosed for the statement period and calendar year to date, using a format substantially similar to Sample G–18(A).
      2. Fees. Charges imposed as part of the plan other than charges attributable to periodic interest rates must be grouped together under the heading Fees, identified consistent with the feature or type, and itemized, and a total of charges, using the term Fees, must be disclosed for the statement period and calendar year to date, using a format substantially similar to Sample G–18(A).
    7. Change-in-terms and increased penalty rate summary for open-end (not home- secured) plans. Credit unions that provide a change-in-terms notice required by § 1026.9(c), or a rate increase notice required by § 1026.9(g), on or with the periodic statement, must disclose the information in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A) and (B) (if applicable) or 1026.9(g)(3)(i) on the periodic statement in accordance with the format requirements in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(D), and 1026.9(g)(3)(ii). See Forms G–18(F) and G–18(G) in Appendix G. (§ 1026.7(b)(7))
    8. Grace period. The date by which or the time period within which the new balance or any portion of the new balance must be paid to avoid additional finance charges. If such a time period is provided, a credit union may, at its option and without disclosure, impose no finance charge if payment is received after the time period’s expiration. (§ 1026.7(b)(8))
    9. Address for notice of billing errors. The address to be used for notice of billing errors. Alternatively, the address may be provided on the billing rights statement permitted by § 1026.9(a)(2).1026.7(b)(9))
    10. Closing date of billing cycle; new balance. The closing date of the billing cycle and the account balance outstanding on that date disclosed in accordance with § 1026.7(b)(13). (§ 1026.7(b)(10))
    11. Due date; late payment costs. With the exception of periodic statements the credit union provides solely for charge cards and periodic statements the credit union provides for a charged-off account where payment of the entire account balance is due immediately, determine that the credit union disclosed the following (in accordance with § 1026.7(b)(13)) for a credit card account under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan:
      1. The due date for a payment (the due date must be the same day of the month for each billing cycle); (§ 1026.7(b)(11)(i)(A))
      2. The amount of any late payment fee and any increased periodic rate(s) (expressed as an annual percentage rate(s)) that the credit union may impose on the account as a result of a late payment. If a range of late payment fees may be assessed, verify that the card issuer either states a range of fees or the highest fee and an indication that the fee imposed could be lower. (§ 1026.7(b)(11)(i)(B))

        NOTE: If the rate may be increased for more than one feature or balance, the card issuer may state the range of rates or the highest rate that could apply and at the issuer’s option an indication that the rate imposed could be lower.

        NOTE: Further, with the exception of the negative or no amortization disclosures required by § 1026.7(b)(12)(ii), the repayment disclosures in § 1026.7(b)(12) (as listed in step l below) are not required for:
        1. Charge card accounts that require payment of outstanding balances in full at the end of each billing cycle;
        2. A billing cycle immediately following two consecutive billing cycles in which the consumer paid the entire balance in full, had a zero outstanding balance or had a credit balance; and
        3. A billing cycle where paying the minimum payment due for that billing cycle will pay the entire outstanding balance on the account for that billing cycle.
    12. Repayment Disclosures.
      1. In general. Given those exceptions above, determine that the card issuer disclosed on the periodic statement: (§ 1026.7(b)(12))
        1. The following statement with a bold heading: “Minimum Payment Warning: If you make only the minimum payment each period, you will pay more in interest and it will take you longer to pay off your balance”; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(A))
        2. The minimum payment repayment estimate, as described in Appendix M1.

          NOTE: If the minimum payment repayment estimate is less than two years, determine that the card issuer disclosed the estimate in months. Otherwise, the estimate must be disclosed in years and rounded to the nearest whole year; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(B))
        3. The minimum payment total cost estimate, as described in Appendix M1, rounded to the nearest whole dollar or to the nearest cent, at the card issuer’s option; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(C))
        4. A statement that the minimum payment repayment estimate and the minimum payment total cost estimate are based on the current outstanding balance shown on the periodic statement. A statement that the minimum payment repayment estimate and the minimum payment total cost estimate are based on the assumption that only minimum payments are made and no other amounts are added to the balance; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(D))
        5. A toll-free telephone number where the consumer may obtain information about credit counseling services from the card issuer; and (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(E))
        6. The disclosures required for section 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(F)(1):
          1. The estimated monthly payment for repayment in 36 months, as described in Appendix M1. The estimated monthly payment for repayment in 36 months must be rounded to the nearest whole dollar or to the nearest cent, at the card issuer’s option; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(F)(1)(i))
          2. A statement that the card issuer estimates that the consumer will repay the outstanding balance shown on the periodic statement in three years if the consumer pays the estimated monthly payment for three years; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(F)(1)(ii))
          3. The total cost estimate for repayment in 36 months, as described in Appendix M1. The total cost estimate for repayment in 36 months must be rounded to the nearest whole dollar or to the nearest cent, at the card issuer’s option; and (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(F)(1)(iii))
          4. The savings estimate for repayment in 36 months, as described in Appendix M1. The savings estimate for repayment in 36 months must be rounded to the nearest whole dollar or to the nearest cent, at the card issuer’s option. (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(F)(1)(iv))

            NOTE: The disclosures (a through d above) required for § 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(F)(1) do not apply to a periodic statement in any of the following circumstances:
            1. The minimum payment repayment estimate that is disclosed on the periodic statement under § 1026.7(b)(12)(i)(B) after rounding is three years or less;
            2. The estimated monthly payment for repayment in 36 months, as described in Appendix M1, rounded to the nearest whole dollar or nearest cent that is calculated for a particular billing cycle is less than the minimum payment required for the plan for that billing cycle; and
            3. A billing cycle where an account has both a balance in a revolving feature where the required minimum payments for this feature will not amortize that balance in a fixed amount of time specified in the account agreement and a balance in a fixed repayment feature where the required minimum payment for this fixed repayment feature will amortize that balance in a fixed amount of time specified in the account agreement which is less than 36 months.
      2. Negative or no amortization. If negative or no amortization occurs when calculating the minimum payment estimate as described in Appendix M1, determine that the card issuer provides the following disclosures on each periodic statement instead of the disclosures set forth in § 1026.7(b)(12)(i): (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(ii))
        1. “Minimum Payment Warning: Even if you make no more charges using this card, if you make only the minimum payment each month we estimate you will never pay off the balance shown on this statement because your payment will be less than the interest charged each month”; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(ii)(A))
        2. “If you make more than the minimum payment each period, you will pay less in interest and pay off your balance sooner”; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(ii)(B))
        3. The estimated monthly payment for repayment in 36 months rounded to the nearest whole dollar or to the nearest cent, at the credit union’s option; (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(ii)(C))
        4. A statement that the card issuer estimates that the consumer will repay the outstanding balance shown on the periodic statement in three years if the consumer pays the estimated monthly payment each month for three years; and (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(ii)(D))
        5. A toll-free telephone number where the consumer may obtain from the card issuer information about credit counseling services consistent with § 1026.7(b)(12)(iv). (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(ii)(E))
      3. Format Requirements. Verify that the items required to be disclosed, as addressed in the procedures in step 12 above (required by § 1026.7(b)(12)) are disclosed according to the format requirements of § 1026.7(b)(13) and are similar to the samples provided in Appendix G.
      4. Provision of information about credit counseling services. Determine that a card issuer provides (to the extent available from the United States Trustee or a bankruptcy administrator) through the disclosed toll-free telephone number the name, street address, telephone number, and website address for at least three organizations that have been approved by the United States Trustee or a bankruptcy administrator to provide credit counseling services in either the state in which the billing address for the account is located or the state the consumer specified. At least annually the card issuer must update the credit counseling information it discloses for consistency with the information available from the United States Trustee or a bankruptcy administrator. (§ 1026.7(b)(12)(iv))
    13. Format Requirements. Determine that the card issuer provided periodic statement disclosures according to the following format requirements: (§ 1026.7(b)(13))
      1. The due date is disclosed on the front of the first page of the periodic statement and that the amount of the late payment fee and the APR(s) are stated in close proximity thereto;
      2. The ending balance and the repayment disclosures (required by § 1026.7(b)(12)) are disclosed closely proximate to the minimum payment due; and
      3. The due date, late payment fee and APR, ending balance, minimum payment due, and repayment disclosures are grouped together.

        NOTE: Sample G-18(D) in Appendix G sets forth an example of how these terms may be grouped.
    14. Deferred Interest or Similar Transactions. For accounts with an outstanding balance subject to a deferred interest or similar program, determine that the credit union disclosed the date by which that outstanding balance must be paid in full in order to avoid the obligation to pay finance charges on such balance on the front of any page of each periodic statement issued during the deferred interest period beginning with the first periodic statement issued during the deferred interest period that reflects the deferred interest or similar transaction. The disclosure provided under this paragraph must be similar to Sample G–18(H) in Appendix G. (§ 1026.7(b)(14))

Subsequent Disclosure Requirements

  1. Determine whether the credit union mailed or delivered the billing rights statement at least once per calendar year, at intervals of not less than 6 months or more than 18 months, customers and whether the institution used the short form notice with each periodic statement. (§ 1026.9(a)(1))

    NOTE: As an alternative to the annual billing rights statement (§ 1026.9(a)(1)), the credit union may mail or deliver, on or with each periodic statement, a statement substantially similar to Model Form G–4 or Model Form G–4(A) in Appendix G, as applicable. Credit unions offering home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40 may use either Model Form, at their option. (§ 1026.9(a)(2))
  2. If, 30 days after mailing or delivering the account-opening disclosures under §§ 1026.6(a)(1) or 1026.6(a)(1), the credit union adds a credit feature or furnishes a credit access device (other than as a renewal, resupply, or the original issuance of a credit card, or except with regard to checks that access a credit card account) on the same finance charge terms, determine that the credit union discloses, before the consumer uses the feature or device for the first time, that it is for use in obtaining credit under the terms previously disclosed. (§ 1026.9(b)(1))
  3. Determine that, except with regard to checks that access a credit card account, whenever a credit feature is added or a credit access device is mailed or delivered to the consumer, and the finance charge terms for the feature or device differ from disclosures previously given, the disclosures required by § 1026.6(a)(1) or (b)(3)(ii)(A) that are applicable to the added feature or device are given before the consumer uses the feature or device for the first time. (§ 1026.9(b)(2))
  4. Checks that access a credit card account. For open-end plans not subject to the requirements of § 1026.40, if checks that can be used to access a credit card account are provided to the consumer more than 30 days after account-opening disclosures under § 1026.6(b) are mailed or delivered, or the credit union provides them within 30 days of the account-opening disclosures and the finance charge terms for the checks differ from the finance charge terms previously disclosed, determine that the credit union discloses on the front of the page containing the checks the following terms in the form of a table with the headings, content, and form similar to Sample G–19 in Appendix G. (§ 1026.9(b)(3))
    1. If a promotional rate applies to the checks, determine that the credit union discloses:
      1. The promotional rate and the time period during which the promotional rate will remain in effect; (§ 1026.9(b)(3)(i)(A)(1))
      2. The type of rate that will apply (such as whether the purchase or cash advance rate applies) after the promotional rate expires, and the annual percentage rate that will apply after the promotional rate expires. For a variable-rate account, a credit union must disclose an annual percentage rate based on the applicable index or formula according to the accuracy requirements set forth in § 1026.9(b)(3)(ii); and (§1026.9(b)(3)(i)(A)(2))
      3. The date, if any, by which the consumer must use the checks in order to qualify for the promotional rate. If the credit union will honor checks used after such date but will apply an annual percentage rate other than the promotional rate, the credit union must disclose this fact and the type of annual percentage rate that will apply if the consumer uses the checks after such date. (§ 1026.9(b)(3)(i)(A)(3))
    2. If any APR required to be disclosed under § 1026.9(b)(3)(i) is a variable rate, determine that the credit union also disclosed the fact that the rate may vary and how the rate is determined. Determine that the credit union identified the type of index or formula used in setting the rate. Determine that the credit union does not disclose the value of the index and the amount of the margin that are used to calculate the variable rate in the table and that any applicable limitations on rate increases are not included in the table (§ 1026.9(b)(3)(iii)).
    3. If no promotional rate applies to the checks, determine that the credit union discloses the type of rate that will apply to the checks and the applicable annual percentage rate. For a variable-rate account, a credit union must disclose an annual percentage rate based on the applicable index or formula in accordance with the accuracy requirements in § 1026.9(b)(3)(ii).1026.9(b)(3)(i)(B)(1))
    4. Determine that the credit union discloses:
      1. Any transaction fees applicable to the checks disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(2)(iv); and (§ 1026.9(b)(3)(i)(C))
      2. Whether or not a grace period is given within which any credit extended by use of the checks may be repaid without incurring a finance charge due to a periodic interest rate. When disclosing whether there is a grace period, the phrase “How to Avoid Paying Interest on Check Transactions” must be used as the row heading when a grace period applies to credit extended by the use of the checks. When disclosing the fact that no grace period exists for credit extended by use of the checks, the phrase “Paying Interest” must be used as the row heading. (§ 1026.9(b)(3)(i)(D))

        NOTE: The disclosures in § 1026.9(b)(3)(i) must be accurate as of the time the disclosures are mailed or delivered. A variable APR is accurate if it was in effect within 60 days of when the disclosures are mailed or delivered. (§ 1026.9(b)(3)(ii))
  5. Determine, for home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40:
    1. Whenever any term required to be disclosed under § 1026.6(a) is changed or the required minimum periodic payment is increased, the credit union mailed or delivered written notice of the change at least 15 days before the effective date of the change. If the consumer agreed to the change, determine that the credit union provided the notice before the change went into effect; and (§ 1026.9(c)(1)(i))
    2. If the credit union prohibits additional extensions of credit or reduces the credit limit that the credit union mailed or delivered notice of the action not later than three business days after such action is taken. The notice must contain the specific reasons for the action. (§ 1026.9(c)(1)(iii))

      NOTE: Notice is not required when the change involves a reduction of any component of a finance charge or other charge or when the change results from an agreement involving a court proceeding. (§ 1026.9(c)(1)(ii))
  6. For plans other than home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40, except as provided in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B), 1026.9(c)(2)(iii) and 1026.9(c)(2)(v), when a significant change in account terms as described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(ii) is made, determine that the credit union provides a written notice of the change at least 45 days before the effective date of the change to each consumer who may be affected. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(A))
  7. The 45-day timing requirement, however, does not apply if the consumer has agreed to a particular change as described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B). For these instances, however, determine that the credit union provided a notice according to the timing requirements of section 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B). (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(A))
  8. For open-end (not home-secured) plans, determine that increases in the rate applicable to a consumer’s account due to delinquency, default or as a penalty described in § 1026.9(g) that are not due to a change in the contractual terms of the consumer’s account are disclosed under § 1026.9(g) instead of § 1026.9(c)(2). (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(A))
  9. When a notice of change in terms is required, determine that it is mailed or delivered no later than the effective date of the change, if the consumer agrees to the particular change. § 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B) applies only when a consumer substitutes collateral or when the credit union can advance additional credit only if a change relatively unique to that consumer is made, such as the consumer’s providing additional security or paying an increased minimum payment amount. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B))

    NOTE: The 45-day timing requirements discussed in step 7 above does not apply in certain narrow circumstances, as described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B). The following are not considered agreements between the consumer and the credit union for purposes of § 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B):
    1. The consumer’s general acceptance of the credit union’s contract reservation of the right to change terms;
    2. The consumer’s use of the account (which might imply acceptance of its terms under state law);
    3. The consumer’s acceptance of a unilateral term change that is not particular to that consumer, but rather is of general applicability to consumers with that type of account; and,
    4. The consumer’s request to reopen a closed account or to upgrade an existing account to another account the credit union offers with different credit or other features. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(i)(B))
  10. The 45-day advance notice requirement applies to changes to the following terms: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(ii))
    1. APR increase, including each periodic rate that may be used to compute the finance charge on outstanding balances for purchases, a cash advance, or a balance transfer (such rates may include any discounted initial rate, premium initial rate, or penalty rate that may be applied to the account);
      1. Variable-rate information;
      2. Discounted or premium initial rates;
      3. Penalty rates;
    2. Fees for issuance or availability, including any fee based upon account activity or inactivity;
    3. Fixed finance charge or minimum interest charge, if it exceeds $1.00;
    4. Transaction charge for purchases;
    5. Grace period;
    6. Balance computation method;
    7. Cash advance fee;
    8. Late payment fee;
    9. Over-the-limit fee;
    10. Balance transfer fee;
    11. Returned payment fee;
    12. Required insurance, debt cancellation, or debt suspension coverage; and
    13. Increase in required minimum periodic payment, or the acquisition of a security interest.
  11. Except as provided in § 1026.9(c)(2)(vi), if a credit union increases any component of a charge, or introduces a new charge, required to be disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(3) that is not a significant change in account terms as described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(ii), determine that the credit union either: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iii))
    1. Complies with the requirements of § 1026.9(c)(2)(i), or
    2. Provides notice of the amount of the charge before the consumer agrees to or becomes obligated to pay the charge, at a time and in a manner that a consumer would be likely to notice the disclosure of the charge, either in writing or orally.
  12. Ensure that the written change-in-terms notice contains the following disclosures: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A))
    1. A summary of the changes made to terms required by §§ 1026.6(b)(1)-(2) or (4), a description of any increase in the required minimum payment, and a description of any security interests being acquired by the credit union;
    2. A statement that changes are being made to the account;
    3. For accounts other than credit card accounts under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan subject to § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(B), a statement indicating that the consumer has the right to opt out of the changes, if applicable, and a reference to the opt-out right provided in the notice, if applicable;
    4. The date the changes will become effective;
    5. If applicable, a statement that the consumer may find additional information about the summarized changes, and other changes, in the notice;
    6. In the case of a rate change, other than a penalty rate, a statement that if a penalty rate currently applies to the consumer’s account, the new rate described in the notice will not apply to the consumer’s account until the consumer’s account balances are no longer subject to the penalty rate;
    7. If the change in terms being disclosed is an increase in the APR, the balances to which the increased rate will apply. If applicable, credit unions must disclose a statement identifying the balances to which the current rate will apply as of the effective date of the change; and
    8. If the change in terms being disclosed is an increase in an annual percentage rate for a credit card account under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan, a statement of no more than four principal reasons for the rate increase, listed in their order of importance.

      NOTE: The disclosed reasons must accurately describe the principal factors actually considered by the card issuer in increasing the rate. (Comment 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)-11)
  13. In addition to the disclosures in § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A), if a card issuer makes a significant change in account terms on a credit card account under an open-end (not home- secured) consumer credit plan, determine that the credit union provides the following information on the notice provided pursuant to § 1026.9(c)(2)(i): (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(B))

    NOTE: The credit union is not required to provide this information in the case of an increase in the required minimum periodic payment, an increase in a fee as a result of a reevaluation of a determination made under § 1026.52(b)(1)(i) or an adjustment to the safe harbors in § 1026.52(b)(1)(ii) to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index, a change in an annual percentage rate applicable to a consumer’s account, an increase in a fee previously reduced consistent with 50 U.S.C. 3937 (Servicemembers Civil Relief Act) or similar federal or state statute or regulation if the amount of the increased fee does not exceed the amount of that fee before the reduction, or when the change results from the credit union not receiving the consumer’s required minimum periodic payment within 60 days after the due date for that payment.
    1. A statement that the consumer has the right to reject the change or changes before the effective date of the changes, unless the consumer fails to make a required minimum periodic payment within 60 days after the due date for that payment;
    2. Instructions for rejecting the change or changes, and a toll-free telephone number that the consumer may use to notify the credit union of the rejection; and
    3. If applicable, a statement that if the consumer rejects the change or changes, the consumer’s ability to use the account for further advances will be terminated or suspended.
  14. Changes resulting from failure to make minimum periodic payment within 60 days from due date for credit card accounts under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan. For a credit card account under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(C))
    1. If the significant change required to be disclosed under § 1026.9(c)(2)(i) of this section is an increase in an annual percentage rate or a fee or charge required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ii), 1026.6(b)(2)(iii), or 1026.6(b)(2)(xii) based on the consumer’s failure to make a minimum periodic payment within 60 days from the due date for that payment, determine that the notice provided under § 1026.6(c)(2)(i) states that the increase will cease to apply to transactions that occurred before or within 14 days of provision of the notice, if the credit union receives six consecutive required minimum periodic payments on or before the payment due date, beginning with the first payment due following the effective date of the increase;
    2. If the significant change required to be disclosed under § 1026.9(c)(2)(i) is an increase in a fee or charge required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ii), 1026.(b)(2)(iii), or 1026.(b)(2)(xii) based on the consumer’s failure to make a minimum periodic payment within 60 days from the due date for that payment, determine that the notice provided under § 1026.9(c)(2)(i) also states the reason for the increase.
  15. Determine that the summary of changes described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) is in a tabular format (except for a summary of any increase in the required minimum periodic payment, a summary of a term required to be disclosed under § 1026.6(b)(4) that is not required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.6(b)(1) and (b)(2), or a description of any security interest being acquired by the credit union), with headings and format substantially similar to any of the account-opening tables found in G–17 in Appendix G. Determine that the table discloses the changed term and information relevant to the change, if that relevant information is required by §§ 1026.6(b)(1) and 1026.6(b)(2). Determine that the new terms are described in the same level of detail as required when disclosing the terms under § 1026.6(b)(2). (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(D)(1))
  16. If a notice required by § 1026.9(c)(2)(i) (change in terms) is included on or with a periodic statement, determine that the information described in § 1026.6(c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) is disclosed on the front of any page of the statement. Determine that the summary of changes described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) immediately follows the information described in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(2)-(7) and, if applicable, §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(8), 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(B), and 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(C), and is substantially similar to the format shown in Sample G-20 or G-21 in Appendix G. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(D)(2))
  17. If a notice required by § 1026.9(c)(2)(i) is not included on or with a periodic statement, determine that the information described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) is disclosed on the front of the first page of the notice or segregated on a separate page from other information given with the notice. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(D)(3))

    NOTE: The summary of changes required to be in a table under § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) may be on more than one page, and may use both the front and reverse sides, so long as the table begins on the front of the first page of the notice and there is a reference on the first page indicating that the table continues on the following page.
  18. Determine that the summary of changes described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(1) immediately follows the information described in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(2)-(7) and, if applicable, §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(A)(8), 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(B), and 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(C), and is similar to the format shown in Sample G-20 or G-21 in Appendix G to Part 1026. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv)(D)(3))
  19. For open-end plans (other than home equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40), note that a credit union is not required to provide notice under this section if: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(v))
    1. The change involves:
      1. Charges for documentary evidence;
      2. A reduction of any component of a finance or other charge;
      3. A suspension of future credit privileges (except as provided in § 1026.9(c)(2)(vi)) or termination of an account or plan;
      4. When the change results from an agreement involving a court proceeding;
      5. When the change is an extension of the grace period; or
      6. The change is applicable only to checks that access a credit card account and the changed terms are disclosed on or with the checks in accordance with § 1026.9(b)(3). (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(A))
    2. The change is an increase in an APR upon the expiration of a specified period of time, if: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(B))
      1. Before commencement of that period, the credit union disclosed in writing to the consumer, in a clear and conspicuous manner, the length of the period and the APR or fee that would apply after expiration of the period;
      2. The disclosure of the length of the period and the APR or fee that would apply after expiration of the period are set forth in close proximity and in equal prominence to the first listing of the disclosure of the rate or fee that applies during the specified period of time; and
      3. The APR or fee that applies after that period does not exceed the rate disclosed under § 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(B)(1) or, if the rate disclosed under § 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(B)(1) was a variable rate, the rate following any such increase is a variable rate determined by the same formula (index and margin) that was used to calculate the variable rate disclosed under § 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(B)(1).
    3. The change is an increase in a variable APR according to a credit card or other account agreement that provides for changes in the rate according to operation of an index that is not under the control of the credit union and is available to the general public (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(C)); or
    4. The change is an increase in an APR, a fee or charge required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.6(b)(2)(ii), (b)(2)(iii), (b)(2)(viii), 1026.6(b)(2)(ix) or 1026.6(b)(2)(xii), or the required minimum periodic payment due to the completion of a workout or temporary hardship arrangement by the consumer or the consumer’s failure to comply with the terms of such an arrangement, provided that: (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(v)(D))
      1. The APR or fee or charge applicable to a category of transactions or the required minimum periodic payment following any such increase does not exceed the rate or fee or charge or required minimum periodic payment that applied to that category of transactions before commencement of the arrangement or, if the rate that applied to a category of transactions before the commencement of the workout or temporary hardship arrangement was a variable rate, the rate following any such increase is a variable rate determined by the same formula (index and margin) that applied to the category of transactions before commencement of the workout or temporary hardship arrangement; and
      2. The credit union has provided the consumer, before the commencement of such arrangement, with a clear and conspicuous disclosure of the terms of the arrangement (including any increases due to such completion or failure). This disclosure must be provided in writing. However, a credit union may provide the disclosure of the terms of the arrangement orally by telephone, if the credit union mails or delivers a written disclosure of the terms of the arrangement to the consumer as soon as reasonably practical after it provides the oral disclosure.
  20. For open-end plans that are not subject to the requirements of § 1026.40, if a credit union decreases the credit limit on the account, determine that the credit union provides advance notice of the decrease before an over-the-limit fee or a penalty rate can be imposed solely as a result of the consumer exceeding the newly decreased credit limit. Determine that the credit union provides the notice in writing or orally at least 45 days before imposing the over-the-limit fee or penalty rate and that it states that the credit limit on the account has been or will be decreased. (§ 1026.9(c)(2)(vi))
  21. Determine that the credit union provides the disclosures contained in §§ 1026.60(b)(1)-(7) if the account is renewed and (1) the card issuer imposes an annual or other periodic fee for the renewal or (2) the card issuer has changed or amended any term of the account required to be disclosed under §§ 1026.6(b)(1)-(2) that it has not previously disclosed to the consumer. Additionally, the disclosure the credit union provides upon renewal must disclose how and when the cardholder may terminate the credit to avoid paying the renewal fee, if any. (§ 1026.9(e))
  22. For plans other than home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40 (except as provided in § 1026.9(g)(4)), determine that the credit union provides a written notice to each consumer who may be affected when: (§ 1026.9(g)(1))
    1. A rate is increased due to the consumer’s delinquency or default; or
    2. A rate is increased as a penalty for one or more events specified in the account agreement, such as making a late payment or obtaining an extension of credit that exceeds the credit limit.
  23. Whenever any notice is required to be given under paragraph § 1026.9(g)(1), determine that the credit union provided written notice of the increase in rates at least 45 days before the effective date of the increase. The credit union must provide the notice after the occurrence of the events described in §§ 1026.9(g)(1)(i)-(ii) that trigger the imposition of the rate increase. (§ 1026.9(g)(2))
  24. If a credit union is increasing the rate due to delinquency or default or as a penalty, determine that the credit union provided the following information on the notice sent pursuant to § 1026.9(g)(1): (§ 1026.9(g)(3)(i)(A))
    1. A statement that the delinquency or default rate or penalty rate, as applicable, has been triggered;
    2. The date on which the delinquency or default rate or penalty rate will apply;
    3. The circumstances under which the delinquency or default rate or penalty rate, as applicable, will cease to apply to the consumer’s account, or that the delinquency or default rate or penalty rate will remain in effect for a potentially indefinite time period;
    4. A statement indicating to which balances the credit union will apply the delinquency or default rate or penalty rate;
    5. If applicable, a description of any balances to which the current rate will continue to apply as of the effective date of the rate increase, unless a consumer fails to make a minimum periodic payment within 60 days from the due date for that payment; and
    6. For a credit card account under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan, a statement of no more than four principal reasons for the rate increase, listed in their order of importance.

      NOTE: The disclosed reasons must accurately describe the principal factors that the card issuer actually considered in increasing the rate. (Comment 1026.9(g) - 7)
  25. For a credit card account under an open-end (not home-secured) consumer credit plan, if the rate increase required to be disclosed under § 1026.9(g)(1) is an increase under § 1026.55(b)(4) based on the consumer’s failure to make a minimum periodic payment within 60 days from the due date for that payment, determine that the notice provided under § 1026.9(g)(1) also states that the increase will cease to apply to transactions that occurred before or within 14 days of provision of the notice, if the credit union receives six consecutive required minimum periodic payments on or before the payment due date, beginning with the first payment due following the effective date of the increase. (§ 1026.9(g)(3)(i)(B))
  26. If a notice required by § 1026.9(g)(1) (Increase in rates due to delinquency or default or as a penalty) is included on or with a periodic statement, determine that the disclosure described in § 1026.9(g)(3)(i) is in the form of a table and provided on the front of any page of the periodic statement, above the notice described in § 1026.9(c)(2)(iv) if the credit union provides that notice on the same statement. (§ 1026.9(g)(3)(ii)(A))
  27. If a notice required by § 1026.9(g)(1) (increase in rates) is not included on or with a periodic statement, determine that the information described in § 1026.9(g)(3)(i) is disclosed on the front of the first page of the notice. Ensure that the credit union includes only information related to the increase in the rate to a penalty rate with the notice.

    NOTE: This notice may be combined with a notice described in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv) or (g)(4) (A statement indicating to which balances the delinquency or default rate or penalty rate will be applied) of this section. (§ 1026.9(g)(3)(ii)(B))
  28. Exception for Decreases in the Credit Limit. If a credit union does not provide the 45-day notice under § 1026.9(g)(1) before increasing the rate for obtaining an extension of credit that exceeds the credit limit, determine that the credit union provides at least 45 days in advance of imposing the penalty rate a notice, in writing, that includes: (§ 1026.9(g)(4))
    1. A statement that the credit limit on the account has or will be decreased;
    2. The date on which the penalty rate will apply, if the outstanding balance exceeds the credit limit as of that date;
    3. A statement that the credit union will not impose the penalty rate on that date, if the outstanding balance does not exceed the credit limit as of that date;
    4. The circumstances under which the penalty rate, if applied, will cease to apply to the account, or that the penalty rate, if applied, will remain in effect for a potentially indefinite period of time;
    5. A statement indicating to which balances the penalty rate may be applied; and
    6. If applicable, a description of any balances to which the current rate will continue to apply as of the effective date of the rate increase, unless the consumer fails to make a minimum periodic payment within 60 days from the due date for that payment.

      In addition to this notice, determine that the credit union does not increase the applicable rate to the penalty rate if the outstanding balance does not exceed the credit limit on the date set forth in the notice. (§ 1026.9(g)(4)(ii))
  29. If a notice provided under § 1026.9(g)(4)(i) is included on or with a periodic statement, determine that the information described in § 1026.9(g)(4)(i) is in the form of a table and provided on the front of any page of the periodic statement; or, (§ 1026.9(g)(4)(iii)(A))
  30. If a notice required by § 1026.9(g)(4)(i) is not included on or with a periodic statement, determine that the information described in § 1026.9(g)(4)(i) is disclosed on the front of the first page of the notice. Determine that only information related to the reduction in credit limit is included with the notice, except that this notice may be combined with a notice described in §§ 1026.9(c)(2)(iv) or 1026.9(g)(1). (§ 1026.9(g)(4)(iii)(B))
  31. When the consumer is given the right to reject a significant change to an account term before the effective date of the change, determine whether the consumer was given the option to reject the change by notifying the credit union of the rejection before the effective date of the change. (§ 1026.9(h)(1))
  32. If the credit union was notified of the rejection of a significant change to an account term, determine that the credit union did not:
    1. Apply the charge to the account;
    2. Impose a fee or charge or treat the account as in default solely as a result of the rejection; or
    3. Require repayment of the balance on the account using a method that is LESS beneficial to the consumer than one of the following methods:
      1. The method of repayment for the account on the date on which the credit union was notified of the rejection;
      2. An amortization period of not less than five years, beginning no earlier than the date on which the credit union was notified of the rejection; or
      3. A required minimum periodic payment that includes a percentage of the balance that is equal to no more than twice the percentage required on the date on which the credit union was notified of the rejection. (§ 1026.9(h)(2))

        NOTE: These requirements do not apply if the credit union has not received the consumer’s required minimum periodic payment within 60 days after the due date for that payment and the credit union has provided timely change in terms disclosures. (§ 1026.9(h)(3))
  33. Determine that a statement of the maximum interest rate that the credit union may impose during the term of the obligation is made for any dwelling-secured loan in which the APR may increase during the plan. (§ 1026.30(b))
  34. For any open-end mortgage loan (credit transaction that is secured by the principal dwelling of a consumer) that was sold, assigned, or otherwise transferred to the covered person, determine that the covered person notifies the borrower in writing of such transfer, including: (§ 1026.39)
    1. An identification of the loan that was sold, assigned, or otherwise transferred;
    2. The name, address, and telephone number of the covered person who owns the mortgage loan;
    3. The date of transfer (either the date of acquisition recognized in the books and records of the covered person or that of the transferring party) the covered person identifies;
    4. The name, address, and telephone number of an agent or party having authority, on behalf of the covered person, to receive notice of the right to rescind and resolve issues concerning the consumer’s payments on the mortgage loan;
    5. Where transfer of ownership of the debt to the covered person is or may be recorded in public records or, alternatively, that the transfer of ownership has not been recorded in public records at the time the covered person provides the disclosure;
    6. At the option of the covered person, any other relevant information about the transaction; and
    7. If there are multiple covered persons, contact information for each of them, unless one of them has been authorized to receive the consumer’s notice of the right to rescind and resolve issues concerning the consumer’s payments on the loan. (§§ 1026.39(d)-(e))

      NOTE: A covered person must provide this notice of sale or transfer for any consumer credit transaction that is secured by the principal dwelling of a consumer. The covered person must provide this notification even if the loan servicer remains the same. In addition, if more than one consumer is liable on the obligation, the covered person may mail or deliver the disclosure notice to any consumer who is primarily liable. And, if an acquisition involves multiple covered persons who each acquire a partial interest in the loan due to separate and unrelated agreements, each covered person has a duty to ensure that disclosures related to its acquisition are accurate and provided in a timely manner unless an exception in § 1026.39(c) applies. The parties may, but are not required to, provide a single notice that satisfies the timing and content requirements applicable to each covered person. (Comment 1026.39(b)(5) – 2)

Disclosure Requirements for Over-the-Limit Transactions

  1. Determine that the oral, written or electronic “opt-in” notice includes all of the following applicable items (and not any information not specified in or otherwise permitted): (§ 1026.56(e)(1))
    1. Fees. The dollar amount of any fees or charges the card issuer assessed on a consumer’s account for an over-the-limit transaction;
    2. APR(s). Any increased periodic rate(s) (expressed as an APR(s)) that the issuer may impose on the account as a result of an over-the-limit transaction; and
    3. Disclosure of opt-in right. An explanation of the consumer’s right to affirmatively consent to the card issuer’s payment of over-the-limit transactions, including the method(s) the consumer may use to consent.
  2. Determine that the written notice informing the consumer of the right to revoke consent following the assessment of an over-the-limit fee or charge describes that right, including the method(s) by which the consumer may revoke consent. (§ 1026.56(e)(2))

Reverse Mortgage Forms Review Procedures (Both Open- and Closed-End)

Determine that the disclosures required for reverse mortgage transactions are similar to the model form in appendix K and include the items below: (§ 1026.33)

  1. A statement that the consumer is not obligated to complete the reverse mortgage transaction merely because he or she has received the disclosures or signed an application;
  2. A good faith projection of the total cost of the credit expressed as a table of “total annual loan cost rates” including payments to the consumer, additional credit union compensation, limitations on consumer liability, assumed annual appreciation, and the assumed loan period;
  3. An itemization of loan terms, charges, the age of the youngest borrower, and the appraised property value; and
  4. An explanation of the table of total annual loan costs rates.

    NOTE: Forms that include or involve current transactions, such as change in terms notices, periodic billing statements, rescission notices, and billing error communications, are verified for accuracy when the file review worksheets are completed.

Timing Requirements

  1. Open-End Credit. Review credit union policies, procedures, and systems to determine, either separately or when completing the actual file review, whether the institution furnishes the applicable disclosures listed below when required by TILA. Take into account products that have different features, such as closed-end loans or credit card accounts that are fixed or variable rate.
    1. Credit card application and solicitation disclosures. On or with the application. (§ 1026.60(b))
    2. HELOC disclosures. At the time the institution provides the application or within three business days under certain circumstances. (§ 1026.40(b))
    3. Open-end credit initial disclosures. Before the first transaction is made under the plan. (§ 1026.5(b)(1))
    4. Card Holder Agreement. Verify that the card issuer sends to the cardholder or otherwise make available to the cardholder a copy of the cardholder’s agreement in electronic or paper form no later than 30 days after the issuer receives the cardholder’s request. (§ 1026.58(e)(1)(ii)) Determine that the issuer has adequate procedures for ensuring that this requirement is met.
    5. Periodic statement disclosures for open-end credit under § 1026.7. Required if at the end of a billing cycle, the account has a debit or credit balance of $1 or more or if the institution has imposed a finance charge. (§ 1026.5(b)(2)(i)) Also, the credit union must adopt procedures to ensure that periodic statements for credit card accounts are mailed or delivered at least 21 days before the payment due date and the date any grace period expires (for non-credit card open-end credit, there is a 21-day rule if there is a grace period and a 14-day rule if there is no grace period). (§ 1026.5(b)(2)(ii)(B)(2))
    6. Statement of billing rights. At least once per year. (§ 1026.9(a))
    7. Supplemental credit devices. Before the first transaction under the plan. (§ 1026.9(b))
    8. Open-end credit change in significant terms as a result of a change in contractual terms. Forty-five days before the effective change date. (§ 1026.9(c)(2))
    9. Open-end change in terms or rates due to delinquency or default or as a penalty. Forty-five days before the effective change date. (§ 1026.9(g))
    10. Finance charge imposed at time of transaction. Before imposing any fee. (§ 1026.9(d))
    11. Disclosures upon renewal of credit or charge card. Thirty days or one billing cycle, whichever is less before the delivery of the periodic statement on which the renewal fee is charged, or at least 30 days before the scheduled renewal date if the credit union has changed or amended any term that must be disclosed under sections §§ 1026.6(b)(1)-(2) that has not previously been disclosed to the consumer. (§ 1026.9(e))
    12. Change in credit account insurance provider. Certain information 30 days before the change in provider occurs and certain information 30 days after the change in provider occurs. The institution may provide a combined disclosure 30 days before the change in provider occurs. (§ 1026.9(f))

Closed End Credit Secured By a Dwelling

  1. Closed-End Credit Secured by a Dwelling.
    1. Closed-end credit disclosures for transactions not subject to §§ 1026.19(e)-(f) must be made before consummation. (§ 1026.17(b))
    2. Disclosures for reverse mortgages. Several disclosure timing requirements apply to reverse mortgages subject to § 1026.33 and RESPA:
      1. Determine whether the credit union provides early TIL disclosures within three business days after receiving the consumer’s written application. The credit union is required to deliver or mail the early disclosures no later than three business days after receiving the consumer’s application and at least seven business days before consummation. (§§ 1026.19(a)(1)(i) and (2)(i)) No fees may be charged before the consumer receives the early disclosures except for credit report fees. (§ 1026.19(a)) If the APR stated in the early disclosures is not considered accurate under § 1026.22 when compared to the APR at consummation, determine whether the credit union provided corrected disclosures of all changed terms, including the APR, that the consumer received no later than the third business day before consummation and that the credit union delivered or placed in the mail the corrected disclosures not later than the seventh business day before consummation. (§§ 1026.19(a)(2)(i),(ii) and (iii))
      2. Determine whether the credit union provides the disclosures required pursuant to § 1026.33 (and found in paragraph d of the model form in Appendix K) either three days prior to consummation (for a closed-end transaction) or prior to the first transaction (for an open-end credit plan). ( § 1026.31(c)(2))

        NOTE: For closed-end credit transactions secured by a dwelling not subject to the TILA-RESPA rule, the prohibition on charging fees (other than credit report fees) before the consumer receives the early TIL disclosure is more limited than the prohibition for closed-end credit transactions secured by a dwelling that are subject to TILA-RESPA. (§ 1026.19(a)) For TILA-RESPA closed-end transactions, credit unions are prohibited from charging fees (other than credit report fees) prior to receipt of disclosures and an intent to proceed with the transaction. (§ 1026.19(e)(2))
    3. Disclosures for high-cost mortgages. Three business days before consummation or account opening. If such disclosures became inaccurate due to a change by the credit union, ensure that the credit union provided new, accurate disclosures no later than three business days before consummation or account opening. (§ 1026.31(c)(1))

      NOTE: The three business day waiting period prior to consummation requirement does not apply where the credit union extends a second offer with a lower annual percentage rate to the consumer. (15 U.S.C. 1639(b)(3))
    4. Disclosures for initial rate change to an adjustable-rate mortgage securing a principal dwelling (other than a transaction subject to § 1026.19(e)-(f)) with terms of more than one year:
      1. For adjustable-rate mortgages, credit unions, assignees, or servicers are generally required to provide information about the first interest rate change to consumers between 210 and 240 days before the date the first payment at the new rate is due.

        NOTE: If the first payment change occurs within the first 210 days, credit unions, assignees, or servicers are required to provide the disclosure at consummation. (§ 1026.20(d))

        NOTE: When examining a credit union that continues to own the loan, an assignee, or a servicer, if the entity states that another entity has the obligation to provide the disclosures, examiners must determine whether the entity takes steps to ensure that the other party (the credit union, assignee, or servicer, as applicable) is complying with the obligation to provide the disclosures.
    5. Additional disclosures for adjustable-rate mortgages securing a principal dwelling (other than a transaction subject to §§ 1026.19(e)-(f)) with a term of more than one year, where a rate change affects the amount of payment:
      1. For adjustable-rate mortgages where the payment changes with a rate change, the institution must provide disclosures to consumers between 60 and 120 days before the first payment at the new rate is due;
      2. For adjustable-rate mortgages where the payment change is caused by a rate change that is uniformly scheduled every 60 days (or more frequently), the institution must provide disclosures to consumers between 25 and 120 days before the first payment at the new rate;
      3. For adjustable-rate mortgages originated before January 10, 2015, where the interest rate and payment are calculated based on an index that is available less than 45 days before the change, an institution must provide disclosures between 25 and 120 days before the first payment at the new rate is due; and
      4. For adjustable-rate mortgages where the payment adjustment occurs within 60 days of consummation and the new interest rate after adjustment provided at consummation was an estimate, disclosure are required as soon as practical, but no later than 25 days before the first payment at the new rate is due. (§ 1026.20(c))

        NOTE: The requirements of § 1026.20(c) do not apply to: ARMS with terms of one year or less; first interest rate adjustments to an ARM if the first adjusted payment is due within 210 days after consummation and the new interest rate disclosed at consummation was not an estimate; or the credit union, assignee or servicer when the servicer is subject to the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act (FDCPA) and the consumer has notified the servicer to cease communication under FDCPA section 805(c). (§ 1026.20(c)(1)(ii))
    6. Notice of new creditor. On or before the 30th calendar day after the acquisition. (§ 1026.39)
    7. For private education loans subject to Subpart F, determine that: (§ 1026.46)
      1. The institution provided application or solicitation disclosures on or with any application or solicitation; (§ 1026.46(d)(1)(i))
      2. The institution provided approval disclosures before consummation on or with any notice of approval provided to the consumer; and (§ 1026.46(d)(2))
      3. The institution provided final disclosures after the consumer accepts the loan and at least three business days before disbursing the private education loan funds. (§ 1026.46(d)(3))
    8. Determine that the issuer provides a written over-the-limit notice before assessing any over-the-limit fee or charge on a consumer’s account. (§ 1026.56(d)(1)(i))
    9. Determine that, if a consumer consents to the card issuer’s payment of any over-the-limit transaction by oral or electronic means, the card issuer provides the required written notice immediately before obtaining that consent. (§ 1026.56(d)(1)(ii))
    10. Determine that the institution provides the notice confirming the consumer’s consent no later than the first periodic statement sent after the consumer has consented to the card issuer’s payment of over-the-limit transactions. The credit union must not assess an over-the-limit fee on the consumer’s account without first providing written confirmation. (§ 1026.56(d)(2))
    11. Determine that the institution provides the consumer notice in writing of the right to revoke consent following the assessment of an over-the-limit fee or charge is provided on the front of any page of each periodic statement that reflects the assessment of an over-the- limit fee or charge on a consumer’s account. (§ 1026.56(d)(3))
    12. For home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40, whenever any term required to be disclosed under § 1026.6(a) is changed or the required minimum periodic payment is increased, determine that the credit union mails or delivers written notice of the change to each consumer who may be affected. Determine that the notice is mailed or delivered at least 15 days before the effective date of the change. If the consumer has agreed to the change, determine that the notice is given before the effective date of the change. (§ 1026.9(c)(1)(i))
    13. Notice to restrict credit. For home-equity plans subject to the requirements of § 1026.40, if the credit union prohibits additional extensions of credit or reduces the credit limit under §§ 1026.40(f)(3)(i) or (f)(3)(vi), determine that the credit union mails or delivers written notice of the action to each consumer who will be affected not later than three business days after the action is taken and contains specific reasons for the action. If the credit union requires the consumer to request reinstatement of credit privileges, determine that the notice states that fact. (§ 1026.9(c)(1)(iii))

Mortgage Loans Secured by Real Property or a Cooperative Unit—Early Disclosures (Loan Estimates)

  1. Provision of disclosures. For closed-end consumer loans secured by real property or a cooperative unit, other than a reverse mortgage subject to § 1026.33, determine whether the credit union provides the consumer with good faith estimates on the Loan Estimate (§ 1026.37), or if the credit union satisfies its obligation by ensuring that a mortgage broker providing the Loan Estimate complied with all requirements of § 1026.19(e).

    NOTE: Partial exemption. The special disclosure requirements of § 1026.19(e) do not apply if the following criteria are met:
    (i) The transaction is secured by a subordinate lien,
    (ii) The transaction is for buyer assistance such as down payments or closing costs, rehabilitation loans, energy efficiency assistance, or foreclosure prevention,
    (iii) The credit contract does not require the payment of interest,
    (iv) The credit contract provides for repayment is forgiven, deferred for 20 years, or deferred until the property is sold or is no longer the consumer’s principal dwelling, and
    (v) the costs payable by the consumer in connection with the transaction at consummation are limited to recording fees, transfer taxes, a reasonable application fee, and a reasonable fee for housing counseling services; and the total of costs payable by the consumer for the application and housing counseling services is less than 1% of the amount of credit extended.

    In addition to these requirements, the credit union must comply with other requirements of TILA, including the disclosures in § 1026.18. However, the credit union is permitted to provide the integrated disclosures (Loan Estimate and Closing Disclosure) as an alternative to providing the disclosure of the cost of credit under § 1026.18, and does not need to provide the special information booklet, Good Faith Estimate, or HUD-1 settlement statement. (§ 1026.3(h); Comment 1026.3(h)-1)
  2. Timing after application. Determine whether the credit union delivers or places in the mail the Loan Estimate not later than the third business day after receiving the consumer’s application. As defined in § 1026.2(a)(3), an application consists of the submission for purposes of obtaining an extension of credit of the consumer's name, income, social security number to obtain a credit report, the property address, an estimate of the value of the property, and the mortgage loan amount sought. (§ 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)(A))

    NOTE: When a consumer uses an online application system that allows the information to be saved, the timing requirements for the Loan Estimate are not triggered until the application is submitted.
  3. Timing before consummation. Determine whether the credit union delivers or places in the mail the Loan Estimate not later than the seventh business day before consummation (other than for transactions secured by a consumer’s interest in a timeshare plan). (§ 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)(B))

    NOTE: Business day is defined differently for purposes of §§ 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)(A) and (B). For § 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)(A) business day is defined based on whether the credit union’s offices are open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its business functions on that day. For § 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)(B), a business day is all days except Sundays and federal holidays. (§ 1026.2(a)(6)).
  4. Waive waiting period. Determine whether the consumer waived the waiting period before consummation under § 1026.19(e)(1)(iii)(B) by providing a dated written statement describing a bona-fide personal financial emergency, specifically modifying or waiving the waiting period, signed by all the consumers who are primarily liable on the obligation. (§ 1026.19(e)(1)(v))

    NOTE: Preprinted forms for this purpose are prohibited. (§ 1026.19(a)(3))
  5. Shopping for settlement service providers. Determine whether a credit union permits a consumer to shop for a settlement service and if so, identifies the settlement services the consumer is permitted to shop for. If so, determine whether the credit union provides a written list identifying at least one available provider for each settlement service for which the consumer may shop and stating that the consumer may choose a different provider for that service. Determine that the credit union provides the written list separately from initial Loan Estimate but in accordance with the same timing requirements. The settlement service providers identified on the written list must correspond to required settlement services for which the consumer may shop, disclosed under § 1026.37(f)(3). (§ 1026.19(e)(1)(vi); Comment 1026.19(e)(1)(vi)-3)
  6. Fee restriction. Determine that the credit union does not charge any fees before the consumer receives the Loan Estimate and before the consumer indicated to the credit union an intent to proceed with the transaction, except for bona fide and reasonable credit report fees. (§ 1026.19(e)(2)(i)(A))
  7. Disclaimer on early estimates. Determine whether a credit union that provides a consumer with a written estimate of terms or costs specific to that consumer before the consumer receives the Loan Estimate clearly and conspicuously states on the first page in no smaller than 12-point font “Your actual rate, payment, and costs could be higher. Get an official Loan Estimate before choosing a loan,” and that the estimate does not use a format or content substantially similar to the Loan Estimate (form H-24 or H-25 of Appendix H). (§ 1026.19(e)(2)(ii))
  8. Verification of information. Determine whether the credit union requires a consumer to submit documents verifying information related to the consumer's application before providing the credit union provides the Loan Estimate. (§ 1026.19(e)(2)(iii))
  9. Permissible variations. Determine whether the credit union disclosed estimated closing costs in good faith and consistent with the best information reasonably available to the credit union at the time the disclosures are provided. The estimated closing costs are in good faith if the amount charged to the consumer at closing does not exceed the estimated closing costs disclosed on the Loan Estimate, unless one of the following exceptions apply. (§ 1026.19(e)(3))
  10. Ten percent cumulative increase permitted. Estimates for third party services or a recording fee are in good faith if:
    1. The aggregate charges do not exceed the aggregate estimate for those charges by more than 10 percent (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(ii)(A) Comment 1026.19(e)(3)(ii)-2);
    2. The third party service charge is not paid to the credit union or affiliate of the credit union (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(ii)(B)); and
    3. The credit union permits the consumer to shop for the third party service. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(ii)(C))
      1. A credit union may permit a consumer to shop even if a credit union fails to issue the written list of providers required by § 1026.19(e)(1)(vi)(C).
      2. Determine whether the credit union permits the consumer to shop consistent with § 1026.19(e)(1)(vi)(A) based on all the relevant facts and circumstances.
  11. Variations permitted for certain charges. For the following, determine whether the estimate has been made in good faith. An estimate is in good faith if it is consistent with the best information reasonably available to the credit union at the time it is disclosed, regardless of whether the amount paid by the consumer exceeds the amount disclosed in the Loan Estimate, even if such charges are paid to the credit union or affiliates of the credit union, as long as the charges are bona fide: (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iii))
    1. Prepaid interest; (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iii)(A))
    2. Property insurance premiums; (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iii)(B))
    3. Amounts placed into an escrow, impound, reserve, or similar account; (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iii)(C))
    4. Charges paid to third-party service providers the consumer selected that are not on the list provided by the credit union; and (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iii)(D))
    5. Property taxes and other charges paid for third-party services not required by the credit union. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iii)(E))
  12. Revised loan estimates. Determine whether the credit union may use a revised estimate of charges, instead of the estimate of charges originally disclosed to the consumer, to compare charges actually paid by or imposed on the consumer for purposes of determining good faith. Credit unions are permitted to use a revised estimate for this purpose (i.e., to reset tolerances) for any of the following reasons: (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv))
    1. Changed circumstances affecting settlement charge. Changed Circumstances that cause the estimated settlement charges to increase or, in the case of estimated charges identified in § 1026.19(e)(3)(ii), cause the aggregate amount of such charges to increase by more than 10 percent. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(A)) For purposes of this and the following procedure, “changed circumstance” means:
      1. An extraordinary event beyond the control of any interested party or other unexpected event specific to the consumer or transaction; (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(A)(1))
      2. Information specific to the consumer or transaction that the credit union relied upon when providing the Loan Estimate and that was inaccurate or changed after the disclosures were provided; or (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(A)(2))
      3. New information specific to the consumer or transaction that the credit union did not rely on when providing the original Loan Estimate. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(A)(3))
    2. Changed circumstance affecting eligibility. The consumer is ineligible for an estimated charge previously disclosed because a changed circumstance affected the consumer's creditworthiness or the value of the security for the loan. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(B))
    3. Revisions requested by the consumer. The consumer requests revisions to the credit terms or the settlement that cause an estimated charge to increase. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(C))
    4. Interest rate dependent charges. The points or lender credits change because the interest rate was not locked when the Loan Estimate was provided. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(D))
    5. Intent to Proceed. The consumer indicates an intent to proceed with the transaction more than 10 business days after the Loan Estimate is provided or within an extended period of time if the credit union has voluntarily extended the expiration date either orally or in writing. (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(E))
    6. Construction loan. The loan involves new construction where settlement is not expected to occur until more than 60 days after the Loan Estimate has been provided to the consumer and the credit union states clearly and conspicuously that a revised disclosure may be used at any time prior to 60 days before consummation, unless otherwise provided by § 1026.19(e)(3)(iv). (§ 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)(F))

      NOTE: A loan involves “new construction” if it is a loan for the purchase of a home that has yet to be constructed, or a loan to purchase a home under construction (i.e., construction is currently underway). (Comment 1026.19(e)(3)((iv)(F)-1)

      NOTE: A credit union may issue a revised disclosure for informational purposes, even if the revised disclosure may not be used for purposes of determining good faith under §§ 1026.19(e)(3)(i) and (ii). (Comment 1026.19(e)(3)(iv)-4)
  13. Revised disclosures. Determine whether the revised disclosures, even those provided only for informational purposes (i.e., not to reset tolerances), were based on the best information reasonably available to the credit union at the time the disclosure was provided to the consumer. (§ 1026.17(c)(2)(i)).
  14. Provision and receipt of revised closing disclosures. Determine whether the credit union has already provided a Closing Disclosure in accordance with § 1026.19(f)(1)(i).

    NOTE: If the credit union has provided a Closing Disclosure, the credit union may not provide a revised version of the Loan Estimate on or after the date on which it provided the Closing Disclosure. (§ 1026.19(e)(4)(ii)) Instead, the credit union may use the initial or a corrected Closing Disclosure to reset tolerances for purposes of determining good faith if one of the reasons for a revised estimate is present. (§ 1026.19(e)(4)(i))
  15. Provision and receipt of revised disclosures. Determine whether the credit union provides revised disclosures within three business days of receiving information sufficient to establish a reason for a revised estimate such as a changed circumstance or other reason pursuant to § 1026.19(e)(3)(iv). (§ 1026.19(e)(4)(i))

    NOTE: If not provided to the consumer in person, the revised disclosure is considered to have been received three business days after the credit union delivers or places the revised disclosure in the mail. (§ 1026.19(e)(4))
  16. Special information booklet at time of application. Determine whether the credit union mailed or delivered a copy of the special information booklet titled “Your Home Loan Toolkit – A Step-by-Step Guide,” which was designed by the CFPB to replace the, “Shopping for Your Home Loan: Settlement Cost Booklet.” The booklet is required by §§ 1026.19(g), 1024.5, and 1024.6. The booklet must be delivered or placed in the mail within three business days after receiving the consumer’s application for a purchase transaction, unless the credit union denies the application before the end of the three business day period.

    NOTE: If the consumer uses a mortgage broker, the mortgage broker must provide the special information booklet and the credit union need not do so. (§ 1026.19(g))

Mortgage loans secured by real property or a Cooperative Unit— Final Disclosures (Closing Disclosures)

  1. Determine whether, for closed-end consumer loans secured by real property or a cooperative unit, other than a reverse mortgage subject to § 1026.33 or loans otherwise excepted under § 1026.3(h), the credit union provides the consumer with the Closing Disclosure (§ 1026.38