Interagency Regulatory Reporting Policy Revised in Relation to Loans that have Previously been Modified in a Troubled Debt Restructuring

14-01​ / September 2014
Interagency Regulatory Reporting Policy Revised in Relation to Loans that have Previously been Modified in a Troubled Debt Restructuring
Subject
Accounting
Status
Active

1. PURPOSE.

To adopt along with the federal banking regulators a revised regulatory reporting policy in relation to loans that have previously been modified in a troubled debt restructuring (TDR) under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for which the financial institution and the borrower subsequently enter into another restructuring agreement, and to provide further clarification of the circumstances in which the subsequent restructuring of a loan that is a TDR need no longer be treated as a TDR. Under certain circumstances specified in the enclosed statement of policy it may be acceptable not to account for the subsequently restructured loan as a TDR.

2. APPLICABILITY.

This Bulletin sets forth new interagency regulatory reporting policy. It is applicable to all federally-insured credit unions.

3. BACKGROUND.

As economic conditions have recently improved, credit unions frequently seek clarification around the circumstances in which a subsequent restructuring of a loan that is a troubled debt restructuring (TDR) need no longer be treated as a TDR, i.e., “once a TDR, always a TDR”. When a loan has previously been modified in a TDR, the credit union and the borrower may subsequently enter into another restructuring agreement at market terms, including a contractual interest rate not less than a market interest rate for new debt with similar credit risk characteristics and other terms no less favorable to the institution than those it would offer for such new debt. Under what condition(s), if ever, may a credit union stop disclosing the loan as a TDR, and adjust its approach to recognizing impairment. As the federal financial institution regulators have seen diversity in practice, we are issuing this interagency policy to promote greater uniformity and consistency in regulatory reporting among financial institutions.

4. POLICY.

When a loan has previously been modified in a TDR, the lending institution and the borrower may subsequently enter into another restructuring agreement. The facts and circumstances of each subsequent restructuring of a TDR loan should be carefully evaluated to determine the appropriate accounting by the institution under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Under certain circumstances it may be acceptable not to account for the subsequently restructured loan as a TDR. The federal financial institution regulatory agencies will not object to an institution no longer treating such a loan as a TDR if at the time of the subsequent restructuring the borrower is not experiencing financial difficulties and, under the terms of the subsequent restructuring agreement, no concession has been granted by the institution to the borrower. To meet these conditions for removing the TDR designation, the subsequent restructuring agreement must specify market terms, including a contractual interest rate not less than a market interest rate for new debt with similar credit risk characteristics and other terms no less favorable to the institution than those it would offer for such new debt. When assessing whether a concession has been granted by the institution, the agencies consider any principal forgiveness on a cumulative basis to be a continuing concession. When determining whether the borrower is experiencing financial difficulties, the institution's assessment of the borrower's financial condition and prospects for repayment after the restructuring should be supported by a current, well-documented credit evaluation performed at the time of the restructuring. Please refer to the enclosed statement of interagency policy.

5. EFFECTIVE DATE.

Credit unions may choose to apply this guidance prospectively to subsequently restructured loans that meet the conditions discussed above for removing the TDR designation. Institutions also may choose to apply this guidance to loans outstanding as of September 30, 2014, for which there has been a previous subsequent restructuring that met the conditions discussed above at the time of the subsequent restructuring. However, prior Call Reports should not be amended.

6. EXPIRATION DATE.

This guidance is in effect until superseded, or incorporated elsewhere.

/s/
Larry Fazio
Director, Office of Examination and Insurance

Enclosure

Distribution:
NCUA Express
All FCUs
All FISCUs
All State Supervisory Authorities
All Field Staff

Last modified on
02/25/21